Potato market in Ukraine

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.13.2.2017.105419

Keywords:

potatoes, market, export, import, varieties, prospects

Abstract

Purpose. To study Ukrainian potato market at the current stage of the development and determine its future prospects.

Results. The features of Ukrainian potato market were determined. Production is almost fully provided by private households, meeting the needs of the domestic market. Main regions with the highest gross output and production of potatoes were defined. Ukraine is one of the major potato producing countries in the world. Today our country is not a key supplier or importer of this product because of the low export orientation of the industry, its technological backwardness, limited product range and the large number of small producers. Ukraine exports potato mainly to CIS countries, the highest share of potato import comes from the European Union. Now there are only a few large manufacturing companies in the market, which can be classified as industrial. Most potato varieties, officially permitted for dissemination in Ukraine, are classified as table ones and recommended for cultivation in the Forest-Steppe and Polissia zones. Achievements of the industry include the development of such very popular and promising trend as organic potato growing, which area in our country is one of the largest in the world.

Conclusions. Potato produced in Ukraine is used for human consumption, animal feeding, planting and processing, its volumes are relatively stable. Large-scale industrial production of potato is not widely practiced because of low wholesale prices and high labor intensity of the cultivation process. During next few years, in view of current trends, production of potato and severe limitations of the domestic market for foreign operations will remain unchanged. A shift in emphasis in the product range – from fresh potato to processed food products should be a prospect for domestic industrial producers to improve their position in Ukraine and abroad.

Author Biographies

С. І. Мельник, Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination

Melnyk, S. I.

А. Л. Ковчі, Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination

Kovchi, А. L.

Ю. Л. Стефківська, Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination

Stefkivska, Y. L.

О. О. Кравчук, Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination

Kravchuk, О. О.

Т. В. Горицька

Horytska T. V.

References

Statystychnyi zbirnyk «Roslynnytstvo Ukrainy» za 2016 rik [Crop production in Ukraine, 2016]. (2017). Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua. [in Ukrainian]

Vyrobnytstvo kartopli v krainakh svitu [Potato production in the world]. (2017). Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC [in Ukrainian]

International trade statistics 2001–2017. (2017). Retrieved from http://www.intracen.org/itc/market-info-tools/trade-statistics

Ukrainskiy kartofel v blizhayshee vremya ne konkurenten na evropeyskom rynke [Ukrainian potato in the nearest future is not competitive in the European market]. (2017). Retrieved from https://agroxy.com/press-relizy-kompanii/ukrainskii-kartofel-v-blizhaishee-vremja.html [in Russian]

Ploshchi pid orhanichnoiu kartopleiu v krainakh svitu [Area under organic potatoes in the world]. (2017). Retrieved from http://www.organic-world.net/statistics/statistics-data-tables/ow-statistics-data-crops.html [in Ukrainian]

TOP-3 krupneyshikh proizvoditelya kartofelya v Ukraine [TOP-3 of the largest producers of potatoes in Ukraine]. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.agronews.org/blog/top-3-krupnejshikh-proizvoditelya-kartofelya-v-ukraine [in Russian]

Kartoplianyi biznes ahrokholdynhu «Mriia» [Potato business of «Mriya» agricultural holding]. (2017). Retrieved from http://mriya.ua [in Ukrainian]

Derzhavnyi reiestr sortiv roslyn, prydatnykh dlia poshyrennia v Ukraini u 2016 rotsi [State register of plant varieties suitable for dissemination in Ukraine in 2017]. (2017). Retrieved from http://www.minagro.gov.ua/uk/ministry?nid=21767 [in Ukrainian]

Published

2017-06-29

How to Cite

Мельник, С. І., Ковчі, А. Л., Стефківська, Ю. Л., Кравчук, О. О., & Горицька, Т. В. (2017). Potato market in Ukraine. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 13(2), 206–210. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.13.2.2017.105419

Issue

Section

VARIETY MARKET

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