Characteristic of geographically distant samples of winter soft wheat from 20<sup>TH</sup> FAWWON-SA nursery in the southern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine.

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.14.2.2018.134760

Keywords:

soft winter wheat, productivity, valuable economic characters, sample

Abstract

Purpose. To make comprehensive assessment of introduced samples of soft winter wheat from the 20TH FAWWON-SA international nursery of various eco-geographical origins under the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine according to the indices of productivity and adaptability in order to define the most valuable samples and describe them.

Methods. Field study, laboratory analysis, generalization.

Results. The authors presented results of the study, evaluation and description of 90 new soft winter wheat samples of various eco-geographical origins by productivi­ty and adaptability traits during 2013–2016 implemented by the V. Ya. Yuriev Plant Production Institute of NAAS on the base of Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production. In field and laboratory conditions, the following indicators as yielding, productivity, thousand/kernel weight, early ripe­ning, height of plants, length of the ears and lod­ging resistance were studied.

Conclusions. A series of stu­dies of new soft winter wheat samples under various weather conditions allowed to identify plants with increased parame­ters of economic and biological characters. During studies, it was found that ‘06325G1-1’, ‘06325G4-1’, ‘Nikifor’ (Romania), ‘Aniya’ (Kazakhstan), ‘AR800-1-3-1/WX03ARS0047’, ‘GA951079-3-5/WX03ARS0256’, ‘BC01007-7’, ‘BC01131-24’, ‘OK055511’, ‘SD06069’, ‘NE06545’ (USA) were the high-yiel­ding varieties. The samples of soft winter wheat as ‘Derbes’, ’Zhadyra’ (Kazakhstan), ‘CHAM6//1D13.1/…’ (IU061757), ‘DORADE/ALTAY2000…’ (IU062123), ‘GANSU-1/MEZGIT-4’, ‘CHAM6//1D13…’ (IU061757) (Turkey), ‘SERI.1B*2/3/KAUZ*2/BOW//…’ (IU062150) (USA) contained a large mass of grains (more than 3.5 g), plant productivity in these samples was rather high due to increased amount of grains and the “thousand-kernel” weight. Summarizing analysis showed that introduced soft winter wheat samples of various eco-geographical origins were adapted to the Southern Forest-Steppe and can be recommended as an initial material in breeding to increase productive and adaptive capacity.

Author Biographies

С. М. Холод, Ustymivka Experimental Station of Plant Production of Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine

Svitlana Kholod

Р. С. Вискуб, Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production of the Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine

Roman Vyskub

References

Riabchun, V. K., Kuzmyshyna, N. V., & Bohuslavskyi, R. L. (2012). Introduction of plant gene pool samples into National bank of plant genetic resources of Ukraine. Henetychni resursy roslyn [Plant Genetic Resources], 10/11, 17–24. [in Ukrainian]

Kochmarskyi, V. S., Zamlila, N. P., Volohdina, H. B., Humeniuk, O. V., & Voloshchuk, S. I. (2016). Adaptability level of soft winter wheat perspective lines in the conditions of Ukrainian Forest-Steppe. Myronivskyi visnyk [Myronivka Bulletin], 2, 98–116. [in Ukrainian]

Hlukhova, N. A. (2007). Prospects for selection of winter wheat varieties with high level of adaptability in Ukrainian Forest-Steppe. In Dosiahnennia i problemy henetyky, selektsii ta biotekhnolohii [Achievements and Problems of Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology] (pp. 60–68). Kyiv: Logos. [in Ukrainian]

Kyrychenko, V. V., Riabchun, V. K., & Bohuslavskyi, R. L. (2008). Importance of plant genetic resources for state programs realization. Henetychni resursy roslyn [Plant Genetic Resources], 5, 7–13. [in Ukrainian]

Sechniak, V. Yu., & Fait, V. I. (2012). The role of genetic resources and plant introduction in breeding. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky [Bulletin of Agricultural Science], Special Issue, 127–128. [in Ukrainian]

Kholod, S. H. (2008). Main directions for formation and use of the millet collection at Ustymivka Experimental Station of Plant Production. Henetychni resursy roslyn [Plant Genetic Resources], 6, 34–40. [in Ukrainian]

Hryhorashchenko, L. V., & Rohulina, L. V. (2008). Millet sources according to protein content in the grain. Henetychni resursy roslyn [Plant Genetic Resources], 6, 116–122. [in Ukrainian]

Rekomendatsii po izucheniyu zarubezhnykh obraztsov sel’skokhozyaystvennykh kultur v introduktsionno-karantinnykh pitomnikakh [Guidelines for studying of foreign samples of agricultural crops in the introduction-quarantine nurseries]. (1986). Leningrad: VIR. [in Russian]

Gradchaninova, O. D., Rudenko, M. I., & Filatenko, A. A. (1985). Metodicheskie ukazaniya po izucheniyu kollekcii pshenicy [Methodical guidelines for wheat collection study]. V. F. Dorofeeva (Ed.). Leningrad: VIR. [in Russian]

Filatenko, A. A., & Shitova, I. P. (1989). Shirokiy unifitsirovannyy klassifikator SEV roda Triticum L. [CMEA wide-range unified classifier of the genus Triticum L.]. V. A. Korneychuk (Ed.). Leningrad: VIR. [in Russian]

Dospekhov, B. A. (1985). Metodika polevogo opyta (s osnovami statisticheskoy obrabotki rezul’tatov issledovaniy) [Methods for field experiments (with the basics of statistical processing)]. (5nd ed., rev.). Moscow: Agropromizdat. [in Russian]

Kirian, V. M., Kirian, M. V., & Vyskub, R. S. (2016). Genetic resources as initial material for developing of new soft winter wheat varieties. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 4, 10–17. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88570. [in Ukrainian]

Kochmarskyi, V. S., Khomenko, S. O., Fedorenko, M. V., & Daniuk, T. A. (2015). Plant height and lodging resistance of durum spring wheat collection. Myronivskyi visnyk [Myronivka Bulletin], 1, 73–81. [in Ukrainian]

Orliuk, A. P., & Kolesnikova, N. D. (2001). Height variability of winter wheat among progenies of multidirectional selections. In Sovremennye problemy genetiki, biotekhnologii i selektsii rasteniy: tezisy dokl. Mezhdunar. konf. molodykh uchenykh [Modern problems of Genetics, Biotechnology and Plant Breeding: Proc. Int. Conf. of young scientists] (pp. 231–232). July 2–7, 2001, Kharkiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Lyfenko, S. F. (1988). Selektsiya sortov ozimoy pshenitsy in­tensivnogo tipa v usloviyakh yuga Ukrainy [Selection of winter wheat varieties of intensive type in the conditions of South of Ukraine] (Extended Abstract of Dr. Agric. Sci. Diss.). Plant Breeding and Genetics Institute of UAAS, Odessa, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Demydov, O. A., Blyzniuk, R. M., & Radchenko, O. S. (2015). Characteristics of promising spring wheat lines by yield components. Myronivskyi visnyk [Myronivka Bulletin], 1, 18–25. [in Ukrainian]

Savitskiy, M. S. (1948). Biologicheskie i agrotekhnicheskie faktory vysokikh urozhaev zernovykh kul’tur [Biological and agrotechnical factors of high yields of grain crops]. Moscow: Sel’khozgiz. [in Russian]

Published

2018-06-26

How to Cite

Холод, С. М., & Вискуб, Р. С. (2018). Characteristic of geographically distant samples of winter soft wheat from 20&lt;sup&gt;TH&lt;/sup&gt; FAWWON-SA nursery in the southern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 14(2), 144–152. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.14.2.2018.134760

Issue

Section

VARIETY STUDYING AND VARIETY SCIENCE