DOI: https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.15.1.2019.162481

Estimation of the adaptive capacity of Schisandra chinensis to drought

Н. В. Скрипченко, Г. В. Слюсар

Abstract


Рurpose. The determination of adaptive ability of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill plants to drought under the conditions of introduction in the M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine on the basis of study of morpho-anatomical and biochemical features of the leaves.

Methods. The anatomical structure of S. chinensis leaves was studied by light microscopy using fresh and dried raw materials. The water retention capacity was determined by laboratory method according to the rate of water loss and the degree of damage to isolated leaves. The dynamics of the content of pigments in S. chinensis leaves was determined by the spectrophotometric method during the vegetation period.

Results. Certain morpho-anatomical signs of S. chinensis leaves contributing to plant resistance to conditions with high air temperature and water deficiency were identified – the presence of a wax layer on the surface of the epidermis and cuticle, calcium oxalate crystals and secretory cells. According to the scale of the parameters of water regime of leaves, the studied plants are characterized by high level of adaptation to drought too. It was revealed that the pigment complex of leaves is sensitive to changes in the environmental factors. The content of pigments in the plant leaves varies with changes in hydrothermal conditions of growth. The dynamics of the content of chlorophylls and carotenoids is related to the physiological state of plants and to a certain degree characterizes their adaptive potential.

Conclusions. The results of morpho-structural studies of S. chinensis leaves and their water-physical properties indicate a high level of adaptability of plants to environmental stressors such as insufficient water supply and high temperature. S. chinensis plants can be recommended for widespread introduction into garden cenosis for obtaining valuable fruit and medicinal raw materials.


Keywords


Schisandra chinensis; leaf morphology and anatomy; adaptation; pigments; drought tolerance; waterholding ability

References


Kolupaev, Yu. E., & Karpets, Yu. V. (2010). Formirovanie adap­tivnykh reaktsiy rasteniy na deystvie abioticheskikh stressov [Formation of adaptive reactions of plants to the action of abiotic stresses]. Kyiv: Osnova. [in Russian]

Kosulina, L. H., Lutsenko, E. K., & Aksenova, V. A. (2011). Fizio­lo­giya ustoychivosti rasteniy k neblagopriyatnym faktoram sredy [Physiology of plant resistance to adverse environmental factors]. Rostov-on-Don: Izd-vo Rostovskogo un-ta. [in Russian]

Kushnirenko, M. D., & Pecherskaya, S. N. (1991). Fiziologiya vodoobmena i zasukhoustoychivosti rasteniy [Physiology of water exchange and drought tolerance in plants]. Kishinev: Shtiintsa. [in Russian]

Vasil’ev, B. R. (1988). Stroenie lista drevesnykh rasteniy raz­lichnykh klimaticheskikh zon [Leaf structure of woody plants of different climatic zone]. Leningrad: Izd-vo LGU. [in Russian]

Kosakіvska, I. V., Babenko, L. M., Skaterna, T. D., & Ustinova, A. Yu. (2014). Influence of hypo- and hyperthermia on lipoxygenase activity, content of pigments and soluble proteins in Triticum aestivum L. cv. Yatran 60 seedlings. Fiziol. Rast. Genet. [Plant Physiology and Genetics], 46(4), 212–220. [in Ukrainian]

Babenko, L. M., Kosakіvska, I. V., Akimov, Yu. A., Klymchuk, D. O., & Skaternya, T. D. (2014). Еffect of temperature stresses on pigment content, lipoxygenase activity and cell ultrastructure of winter wheat seedlings. Gen. Plant Physiol., 4(1–2), 117–125.

Salem-Fnayou, A. B., Bouamama, B., Ghorbel, A., & Mliki, A. (2011). Investigations on the leaf anatomy and ultrastructure of grapevine (Vitis vinifera) under heat stress. Microsc. Res. Tech., 74(8), 756–762. doi: 10.1002/jemt.20955

Krohmal, I. I. (2013). Functional leaf morphology in Campanula L. species. Promyšlennaâ botanika [Industrial Botany], 13, 209–223. [in Russian]

Sergeeva, K. A. (1971). Fiziologicheskie i biologicheskie osnovy zimostoykosti drevesnykh rasteniy [Physiological and biological basis of winter hardiness of woody plants]. Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian]

The Plant List. Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. Version 1.1. Retrieved from http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2585428

Vitkovskiy, V. L. (2003). Plodovye rasteniya mira [Fruit plants of the world]. Saint-Petersburg: Lan. [in Russian]

Skrypchenko, N. V., Kushnir, N. V., & Sljusar, G. V. (2017). Schizandra chinensis in the collection of the M. M. Grishko National Botanical Garden of the Ukrainian NAS in Kyiv. Ann. Warsaw Univ. Life Sci. – SGGW, Horticult. Landsc. Architect., 38, 43–50. doi: 10.22630/AHLA.2017.38.5

Dobrenkova, L. G. (1989). Drought resistance of pineapple strawberry varieties in the north-west of the RSFSR and Krasnodar area. Katalog mirovoy kollektsii VIR [Catalogue of VIR World Collection] (Vol. 502). Leningrad: VIR. [in Russian]

Kushnirenko, M. D., Goncharova, E. A., & Bondar, E. M. (1970). Metody izucheniya vodnogo obmena i zasukhoustoychivosti plodovykh rasteniy [Methods for studying water metabolism and drought tolerance of fruit plants]. Kishinev: Shtiintsa. [in Russian]

Wellburn, A. R. (1994). The spectral determination of chlorophylls a and b, as well a total carotenoids, Uning various solvents of different resolution. J. Plant Phisiol., 144(3), 307–313. doi: 10.1016/S0176-1617(11)81192-2

Klimatychni dani po mistu Kyievu [Climatic data on the Kyiv-city]. Retrieved from http://www.cgo.kiev.ua/ [in Ukrainian]

Barthlott, W., Neithuis, C., Cytler, D., Ditsch, F., Meusel, I., Thei­sen, I., & Wilhelmi, H. (1998). Classification and terminology of plant epicuticular waxes. Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 126(3), 237–260. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1998.tb02529.x

Levitt, J. (1972). Responses of plants to environmental stress. New York: Academic Press.

Yang, Z.-R., & Lin, Q. (2005). Comparative morphology of the leaf epidermis in Schisandra (Schisandraceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 148(1), 39–56. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2005.00396.x

Wang, X., Arora, R., Horner, H. T., & Krebs, S. L. (2008). Structural Adaptations in Overwintering Leaves of Thermonastic and Nonthermonastic Rhododendron Species. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 133(6), 768–776.

Nuzhina, N., & Tkachuk, O. (2016). The leaf’s anatomical fea­tu­res of some species Rosa in relation to their drought resistance. Vìsnik Kiïvsʹkogo nacìonalʹnogo unìversitetu ìmenì Tarasa Ševčenka. Serìâ: Bìologìâ [Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Series: Biology], 1, 16–19. doi: 10.17721/1728_2748.2016.71.16-19 [in Ukrainian]

Strzałka, K., Kostecka-Gugała, A., & Latowsk, D. (2003). Carotenoids and environmental stress in plants: significance of carotenoid-mediated modulation of membrane physical properties. Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 50(2), 168–172. doi: 10.1023/A:1022960828050

Eremchenko, O. Z., Kusakina, M. G., & Luzina, E. V. (2014). The content of pigments in Lepidium sativumin the conditions of chloride and sodium salinization and the alkalization. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Seriâ Biologiâ [Bulletin of Perm University. Biology], 1, 30–37. [in Russian]


GOST Style Citations


Колупаев Ю. Е., Карпец Ю. В. Формирование адаптивных реакций растений на действие абиотических стрессов. Киев : Основа, 2010. 352 с.

Косулина Л. Г., Луценко Э. К., Аксенова В. А. Физиология устойчивости растений к неблагоприятным факторам среды. Ростов-на-Дону : Изд-во Ростовского ун-та, 2011. 236 с.

Кушниренко М. Д., Печерская С. Н. Физиология водообмена и засухоустойчивости растений. Кишинев : Штиинца, 1991. 305 с.

Васильев Б. Р. Строение листа древесных растений различных климатических зон. Ленинград : Изд-во ЛГУ, 1988. 208 с.

Косаківська І. В., Бабенко Л. М., Скатерна Т. Д., Устинова А. Ю. Вплив гіпо- і гіпертермії на активність ліпоксигенази, вміст пігментів і розчинних білків у проростках Triticum aestivum L. сорту Ятрань 60. Физиология растений и генетика. 2014. Т. 46, № 4. С. 212–220.

Babenko L. M., Kosakivska I. V., Akimov Yu. A. et al. Еffect of temperature stresses on pigment content, lipoxygenase activity and cell ultrastructure of winter wheat seedlings. Gen. Plant Physiol. 2014. Vol. 4, Iss. 1–2. P. 117–125.

Salem-Fnayou A. B., Bouamama B., Ghorbel A., Mliki A. Investigations on the leaf anatomy and ultrastructure of grapevine (Vitis vinifera) under heat stress. Microsc. Res. Tech. 2011. Vol. 74, Iss. 8. P. 756–762. doi: 10.1002/jemt.20955

Крохмаль И. И. Функциональная морфология листа неко­то­рых видов рода Campanula L. Промышленная ботаника. 2013. Вып. 13. С. 209–223.

Сергеева К. А. Физиологические и биологические основы зимостойкости древесных растений. Москва : Наука, 1971. 176 с.

The Plant List. Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. Version 1.1. URL: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2585428

Витковский В. Л. Плодовые растения мира. Санкт-Петербург : Лань, 2003. 592 с.

Skrypchenko N. V., Kushnir N. V., Sljusar G. V. Schizandra chi­nensis in the collection of the M. M. Grishko National Botanical Garden of the Ukrainian NAS in Kyiv. Ann. Warsaw Univ. Life Sci. – SGGW, Horticult. Landsc. Architect. 2017. Vol. 38. Р. 43–50. doi: 10.22630/AHLA.2017.38.5

Добренькова Л. Г. Засухоустойчивость сортов земляники ананасной в условиях северо-запада РСФСР и Краснодарского края. Каталог мировой коллекции ВИР. Ленинград : ВИР, 1989. Вып. 502. 20 с.

Кушниренко М. Д., Гончарова Э. А., Бондарь Е. М. Методы изучения водного обмена и засухоустойчивости плодовых растений. Кишинев : Штиинца, 1970. 79 с.

Wellburn A. R. The spectral determination of chlorophylls a and b, as well a total carotenoids, Uning various solvents of different resolution. J. Plant Phisiol. 1994. Vol. 144, Iss. 3. Р. 307–313. doi: 10.1016/S0176-1617(11)81192-2

Кліматичні дані по м. Києву. URL: http://www.cgo.kiev.ua/

Barthlott W., Neithuis C., Cutler D. et al. Classification and terminology of plant epicuticular waxes. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 1998. Vol. 126, Iss. 3. P. 237–260. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1998.tb02529.x

Levitt J. Responses of plants to environmental stress. New York : Academic Press, 1972. 697 p.

Yang Z.-R., Lin Q. Comparative morphology of the leaf epidermis in Schisandra (Schisandraceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 2005. Vol. 148, Iss. 1. P. 39–56. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2005.00396.x

Wang X., Arora R., Horner H. T., Krebs S. L. Structural Adaptations in Overwintering Leaves of Thermonastic and Nonthermonastic Rhododendron Species. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 2008. Vol. 133, Iss. 6. P. 768–776.

Нужина Н., Ткачук О. Особливості анатомічної будови листків деяких видів роду Rosa у зв’язку з їх посухостійкістю. Вісник Київського нац. ун-ту імені Тараса Шевченка. Біологія. 2016. № 1. С. 16–19. doi: 10.17721/1728_2748.2016.71.16-19

Strzałka K., Kostecka-Gugała A., Latowsk D. Carotenoids and environmental stress in plants: significance of carotenoid-mediated modulation of membrane physical properties. Russ. J. Plant Physiol. 2003. Vol. 50, Iss. 2. P. 168–172. doi: 10.1023/A:1022960828050

Еремченко О. З., Кусакина М. Г., Лузина Е. В. Содержание пигментов в растениях Lepidium sativum в условиях хлоридно-натриевого засоления и ощелачивания. Вестник Пермского ун-та. Сер. : Биология. 2014. № 1. С. 30–37.







Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

DOI: 10.21498/2518-1017

Flag Counter