DOI: https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.15.1.2019.162486

Biometric indices of corn hybrids of different FAO groups depending on microfertilizer treatment under irrigation conditions

Т. Ю. Марченко, Ю. О. Лавриненко, І. В. Михаленко, Т. М. Хоменко

Abstract


Purpose. To determine the manifestation of biometric features of corn hybrids of various FAO groups and find out their relationship with grain yield when grown under drip irrigation in the Southern Steppe of Ukraine.

Methods. Field, laboratory, mathematical and statistical.

Result. Corn crops treatment with micronutrients had a positive effect on the height of hybrids in some phases of growth and development. The greatest influence on growth processes was caused by complex microfertilizer Avatar-1; it provided a growth in plant height as compared to the untreated control, by 1–7 cm. The use of Nutrimix microfertilizer, in general according to the variants of the experiment, influenced growth processes minimally (acceleration in phases of growth and development of the agriculture crop was 1–3 cm). Plants of the mid-late ‘Chonhar’ hybrid (FAO 420) were the highest throughout the growing season among the studied corn genotypes. This figure reached a maximum in the stage of milky ripeness when plants were treated with Avatar-1 – 267 cm. It was revealed that there is a close correlation between plant height and grain yield.

Conclusions. The ratio of the height of hybrid plants by groups of ripeness and level of productivity showed that for medium-early groups in the phase of linear growth termination the optimum height was 240–250 cm, in this case grain yield was 11.2–11.5 t/ha, for the middle-ripening group – 255–257 cm with a grain yield of 11.8–12.1 t/ha. For mid-late maturity hybrids the optimum plant height for high yields grain (more than 13 t/ha) was in the range from 265 to 270 cm. The optimum height of plants and the maximum yield can be achieved under irrigation using corn hybrids of the corresponding groups of ripeness and the use of complex micronutrients.


Keywords


phases of growth and development; total plant height; ear hight; leaf area; grain yield

References


Pospelova, G. D., Barabolova, O. V., & Morozova, O. O. (2018). Influence of biological preparations on the phytosanitary state of soybean seeds. Vìsn. Poltav. derž. agrar. akad. [News of Poltava State Agrarian Academy], 4, 37–42. doi: 10.31210/visnyk2018.04.05 [in Ukrainian]

Tyshchenko, M. V., Moroz, O. V., Smirnyh, V. M., Novoselets’kyi, I. G., Kuskov, O. G., Filonenko, S. V., & Liashenko, V. V. (2018). The use of the micronutrient drug «Avatar» for growing barley in the field of crop rotation. Vìsn. Poltav. derž. agrar. akad. [News of Poltava State Agrarian Academy], 3, 32–39. doi: 10.31210/visnyk2018.03.05 [in Ukrainian]

Rozhkov, A. O., Chygryn, O. V., Voropai, Yu. V., & Olkhovskyi, D. E. (2018). White mustard yield and sowing qualities depending on treatment of seeds with physiologically active agents. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 113, 208–217. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510/2018/134381 [in Ukrainian]

Bharali, A., Baruah, K. K., Bhattacharyya, P., & Gorh, D. (2017). Integrated nutrient management in wheat grown in a northeast India soil: Impacts on soil organic carbon fractions in relation to grain yield. Soil Till. Res. 168, 81–91. doi: 10.1016/j.still.2016.12.001

Kalenska, S. M., & Taran, V. H. (2018). Harvest index of corn hyb­rids, depending on plant density, fertilizing doses and weather conditions of growing. Plant Var. Stud. Prot., 14(4), 415–421. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.14.4.2018.151909 [in Ukrainian]

Zhang, L., Garneau, M. G., Majumdar, R., Grant, J., & Tegeder, M. (2015). Improvement of pea biomass and seed productivity by simultaneous increase of phloem and embryo loading with amino acids. Plant J. 2015. Vol. 81, Iss. 1. P. 134–146. doi: 10.1111/tpj.12716

Troyer, A. F. (2004). Background of U.S. hybrid corn II: Breeding, climate, and food. Crop Sci., 44(2), 370–380. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2004.3700

Beliavskaya, L., & Diyanova, A. (2017). The results of study of ecological stability and plasticity of Ukrainian soybean varieties. Ann. Agrar. Sci., 15(2), 247–251. doi: 10.1016/j.aasci.2017.05.003

Palamarchuk, V. D. (2018). The effect of foliar fertilizing on the number of cobs in corn hybrids. Vìsn. agrar. nauki [Вulletin of Agricultural Science], 8, 24–32. doi: 10.31073/agrovisnyk201808-14 [in Ukrainian]

van Heerwaarden, J., Hufford, M. B., & Ross-Ibarra, J. (2012). Historical genomics of North American maize. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA,109(31), 12420–12425. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1209275109

Savchuk, M. V., Lisovyi, M. M., Taran, O. P., Chechenieva, T. M., & Starodub, M. F. (2018). Influence of presowing treatment with nanocomposites upon photosynthetic apparatus of hybrid of corn. Vìsn. agrar. nauki [Вulletin of Agricultural Science], 5, 32–35. doi: 1031073/agrovisnyk201805-05 [in Ukrainian]

Betrán, F. J., Beck, D., Bänzigerc, M., & Edmeades, G. O. (2003).Genetic analysis of inbred and hybrid grain yield under stress and nonstress environments in tropical maize. Crop Sci., 43(3), 807–817. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2003.8070

Mikel, M. A. (2011). Genetic composition of contemporary U.S. commercial dent corn germplasm. Crop Sci., 51(2), 592–599. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2010.06.0332

Nuzhna, M. V., & Bodenko, N. A. (2018). Models of corn hybrids of different maturity groups FAO 150–490 for irrigated conditions. Plant Var. Stud. Prot., 14(1), 58–64. doi: 10.21498/2518–1017.14.1.2018.126508 [in Ukrainian]

Troyer, A. F. (2006). Adaptedness and heterosis in corn and mule hybrids. Crop Sci., 46(2), 528–543. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2005.0065

Vozhehova, R. A. (Ed.). (2014). Metodyka poliovykh i laboratornykh doslidzhen na zroshuvanykh zemliakh [The method of field and laboratory studies on irrigated land]. Kherson: Hrin D. S. [in Ukrainian]

Ushkarenko, V. O., Nikishenko, V. L., Holoborodko, S. P., & Kokovikhin, S. V. (2008). Dyspersiinyi i koreliatsiinyi analiz rezultativ polovykh doslidiv [Dispersion and correlation analysis of the results of field experiments]. Kherson: Ailant. [in Ukrainian]


GOST Style Citations


Поспєлова Г. Д., Бараболя О. В., Морозова О. О. Вплив біологічних препаратів на фітосанітарний стан насіння сої. Вісник ПДАА. 2018. № 4. С. 37–42. doi: 10.31210/visnyk2018.04.05

Тищенко М. В., Мороз О. В., Смірних В. М. та ін. Використання мікроелементного препарату «Аватар» за вирощування ячменю ярого в польовій сівозміні. Вісник ПДАА. 2018. № 3. С. 32–39. doi: 10.31210/visnyk2018.03.05

Рожков А. О., Чигирин О. В., Воропай Ю. В., Ольховський Д. Є. Урожайність і посівні якості гірчиці білої залежно від обробки насіння фізіологічно активними препаратами. Селекція і насінництво. 2018. Вип. 113. С. 208–217. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510/2018/134381

Bharali A., Baruah K. K., Bhattacharyya P., Gorh D. Integrated nutrient management in wheat grown in a northeast India soil: Impacts on soil organic carbon fractions in relation to grain yield. Soil Till. Res. 2017. Vol. 168. P. 81–91. doi: 10.1016/j.still.2016.12.001

Каленська С. М., Таран В. Г. Індекс урожайності гібридів кукурудзи залежно від густоти стояння рослин, норм добрив та погодних умов вирощування. Plant Var. Stud. Prot. 2018. Т. 14, № 4. С. 415–421. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.14.4.2018.151909

Zhang L., Garneau M. G., Majumdar R. et al. Improvement of pea biomass and seed productivity by simultaneous increase of phloem and embryo loading with amino acids. Plant J. 2015. Vol. 81, Iss. 1. P. 134–146. doi: 10.1111/tpj.12716

Troyer A. F. Background of U.S. hybrid corn II: Breeding, climate, and food. Crop Sci. 2004. Vol. 44, Iss. 2. Р. 370–380. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2004.3700

Beliavskaya L., Diyanova A. The results of study of ecological stability and plasticity of Ukrainian soybean varieties. Ann. Agrar. Sci. 2017. Vol. 15, Iss. 2. P. 247–251. doi: 10.1016/j.aasci.2017.05.003

Паламарчук В. Д. Вплив позакореневих підживлень на кількість качанів у гібридів кукурудзи. Вісник аграрної науки. 2018. № 8. С. 24–32. doi: 10.31073/agrovisnyk201808-14

van Heerwaarden J., Hufford M. B., Ross-Ibarra J. Historical genomics of North American maize. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 2012. Vol. 109, Iss. 31. P. 12420–12425. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1209275109

Савчук М. В., Лісовий М. М., Таран О. П. та ін. Вплив передпосівної обробки нанокомпозитами на фотосинтетичний апарат гібрида кукурудзи. Вісник аграрної науки. 2018. № 5. С. 32–35. doi: 1031073/agrovisnyk201805-05

Betrán F. J., Beck D., Bänzigerc M., Edmeades G. O. Genetic analysis of inbred and hybrid grain yield under stress and nonstress environments in tropical maize.Crop Sci. 2003. Vol. 43, Iss. 3. Р. 807–817.doi: 10.2135/cropsci2003.8070

Mikel M. A. Genetic composition of contemporary U.S. commercial dent corn germplasm. Crop Sci. 2011. Vol. 51, Iss. 2. P. 592–599. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2010.06.0332

Нужна М. В., Боденко Н. А. Моделі гібридів кукурудзи FAO 150–490 для умов зрошення. Plant Var. Stud. Prot. 2018. Т. 14, № 1. C. 58–64. doi: 10.21498/2518–1017.14.1.2018.126508

Тroyer A. F. Adaptedness and heterosis in corn and mule hyb­rids. Crop Sci., 2006. Vol. 46, Iss. 2. Р. 528–543. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2005.0065

Методика польових і лабораторних досліджень на зрошуваних землях / за ред. Р. А. Вожегової. Херсон : Грінь Д. С., 2014. 285 с.

Ушкаренко В.О., Нікішенко В. Л., Голобородько С.П., Коковіхін С.В. Дисперсійний і кореляційний аналіз результатів польових дослідів. Херсон: Айлант, 2009. 372 с.







Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

DOI: 10.21498/2518-1017

Flag Counter