DOI: https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.15.4.2019.188551

Analysis of the Ukrainian collection of common hop varieties (Humulus lupulus L.) to highlight varieties with reference characters

І. П. Штанько

Abstract


Purpose. Conduct a generalized assessment of samples of the base collection of hops Humulus lupulus L. Institute of Agriculture Polissia of NAAS of Ukraine according to the level of manifestation of the main morphological characters to highlight domestic varieties with reference characters.

Methods. Field, visual estimation, laboratory, analytical.

Results. During 2011–2017 samples of the base collection of Humulus lupulus L. hops were evaluated in the conditions of Polissia; the level of manifestation of their main morphological characters was determined. An information base has been formed on the morphological characteristics of hop varieties with a list of foreign standard varieties and domestic applicants for standards on certain characteristics. It was revealed that breeds have varying degrees of characters manifestation. In particular, according to the intensity of the anthocyanin color of the stem from very weak – ‘Slavianka’, ‘Zahrava’ to very strong – ‘Hranit’; according to the color of the upper part of the leaf blade: from yellow-green, characteristic for the ‘Alta’ and ‘Khmeleslav’ varieties to green, for the ‘Zahrava’ and ‘Clon 18’ varieties. By flowering time and onset of technical ripeness of cones, the varie­ties are divided into groups: early – ‘Alta’, medium – ‘Clon 18’, ‘Zahrava’, later – ‘Xanta’, ‘Haidamatskyi’, ‘Hranit’. Among domestic applicants for standards in the form of a bush, the variety ‘Zmina’ – spindle-shaped, ‘Slavianka’ – cylindrical, ‘Alta’ –conical, and others; in the shape of a cone – variety ‘Clone 18’ – cylindrical, ‘Slavianka’ – narrow oval, ‘Ruslan’, ‘Alta’ – oval, ‘Zlato Polissia’ – wide oval and ‘Zhytych’ – spherical.

Conclusions. Based on the results of long-term investigations, a comparative assessment of the reference varieties of foreign breeding and samples of the collection of domestic origin was carried out according to the characteristics of the vegetative (stem, leaf, bush), plant generative organs (cone) and phenological descriptions (time of flowering and cone harvesting), which allowed to determine the varieties with stable manifestation of the main identification signs of hops. Domestic varieties that are carriers of individual (‘Zlato Polissia’, ‘Zhytych’, ‘Ruslan’, ‘Poliskyi’) or several traits (‘Slavianka’, ‘Zahrava’, ‘Haidamatskyi’, ‘Clon 18’, ‘Khmeleslav’, ‘Alta’, etc.) are isolated and proposed for use as standards.


Keywords


Humulus lupulus L.; variety; sign; standard; code of display; collection of hop; identification

References


Shtanko I. P. (2013). Achievements breeding of hop in the world and the direction of improving the structure of varietal plantings in Ukraine. Agropromyslove vyrobnycztvo Polissya [Agricultural ndustry of Polissya region]. 6. 92–97. [in Ukrainian].

UPOV. (2002). TG/1/3. General introduction to the examination of distinctness, uniformity and stability and the development of harmonized descriptions of new varieties of plants. Geneva: UPOV. Retrieved from https://www.upov.int/export/sites/upov/publications/en/tg_rom/pdf/tg_1_3.pdf

Shtanko I., Mykhaylichenko К. (2008). Studing of the base collection gtntpool of hop (Humulus lupulus L.). Agropromyslove vyrobnycztvo Polissya [Agricultural industry of Polissya Region], 1, 23–27. [in Ukrainian]

Seigner E., Lutz A., & Seefelder S. (2008). Utilization of genetic resources in breeding programmes at the Hop Research Center Huell. In Use Genetic Resources of Cultivated Plants: Proceedings of the International Scientific Meeting, Czech Republic, Saaz (pp. 8–12). Žatec: Chmelařský institute.

Scomra U. (2008). Genetic resources of hops in Poland: collection, evaluation and utilization in breeding. In Use Genetic Resources of Cultivated Plants: Proceeding of the International Scientific Meeting, Czech Republic, Saaz (pp. 13–18). Žatec: Chmelařský institute.

Danilova, E. S., Danilova, Yu. S., & Nikonova, Z. A. (2011). Monitoring economic valuable signs of collection of home and foreign sorts of hop (Humulus lupulus L.). Agrarnaâ nauka Evro-Severo-Vostoka [Agricultural Science Euro-North-East], 6, 18–22. [in Russian]

UPOV. (2006). TG/227/1. Test Guidelines for the conduct of tests for distinctness, uniformity and stability of Hop (Humulus lupulus L.). Geneva: UPOV. Retrieved from https://www.upov.int/edocs/tgdocs/en/tg227.pdf

Methods of examination of ordinary hops (Humulus lupulus L.) for difference, homogeneity and stability. (2016). In S. O. Tkachyk (Ed.), Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn hrupy tekhnichnykh na vidminnist, odnoridnist i stabilnist.[Methodology of realization of examination of sorts of plants of group of technical is on a difference, homogeneity and stability]. (pp. 159–171). Vinnytsia: Nilan-LTD. [in Ukrainian]

Rígr A., & Faberová I. (2000). Klasifikátor Descriptor list genus Humulus L.. Praha: N.p.

Selektsiia khmeliu. Tekhnolohichnyi protses. Metody vyprobuvan: DSTU 2027-2009 [Hops selection. Technological process. Test methods: State Standard 2027:2009]. (2011). Kyiv: Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy. [in Ukrainian]

Atlas morfolohichnykh oznak sortiv khmeliu zvychainoho Humulus lupulus L. [Atlas of morphological characteristics of hop varieties Humulus lupulus L.]. (2017). Vinnytsia: Nilan-LTD. [in Ukrainian]


GOST Style Citations


Штанько І.П. Досягнення селекції хмелю в світі та напрями удосконалення сортової структури насаджень в Україні. Агропромислове виробництво Полісся. 2013. Вип. 6. С. 92–97.

TG/1/3. General introduction to the examination of distinctness, uniformity and stability and the development of harmonized descriptions of new varieties of plants. URL: http://sops.gov. ua/uploads/files/documents/UPOV/TG-1-3_UA.pdf.

Штанько І.П. Михайліченко К.П. Вивчення базової колекції генофонду хмелю звичайного (Humulus lupulus L.). Агропромислове виробництво Полісся. 2008. Вип. 1. С. 23–27.

Seigner E., Lutz A., Seefelder S. Utilization of genetic resources in breeding programmes at the Hop Research Center Huell. Proceeding of the International Scientific Meeting. Chmelarsky Institut, Zatec, 2008. P. 8-12.

Scomra U. Genetic resources of hops in Poland: collection, evaluation and utilization in breeding. Proceeding of the International Scientific Meeting. Chmelarsky Institut, Zatec, 2008. P. 13-18.

Данилова Е.С., Данилова Ю.С., Ніконова З.А. Мониторинг хозяйственно ценных признаков коллекции отечественных и зарубежных сортов хмеля обыкновенного (Humulus lupulus L.). Аграрная наука Евро-Северо-Востока. 2011.  № 6. С. 18-22.

TG/227/1. Test Guidelines for the conduct of tests for distinctness, uniformity and stability of Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) /UPOV. Geneva, 2006. 24 p. URL: https://www.upov.int/edocs/tgdocs/en/tg227.pdf

Методика проведення експертизи сортів хмелю звичайного (Humulus lupulus L.) на відмінність, однорідність і стабільність. Методика проведення експертизи сортів рослин групи технічних на відмінність, однорідність і стабільність / за ред. С.О. Ткачик. Вінниця: Нілан-ЛТД, 2016. С. 159-171.

Rígr A., Faberová I. Klasifikátor Descriptor list genus Humulus L. Praha, 2000. 18 p.

Селекція хмелю. Технологічний процес. Методи випробувань: ДСТУ 2027–2009. [Чинний від 2011.06.01]. Київ : Держспоживстандарт України, 2011. 26 с. 

Атлас морфологічних ознак сортів хмелю звичайного Humulus lupulus L.  Вінниця: «Нілан-ЛТД», 2017. 40 с.







Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

DOI: 10.21498/2518-1017

Flag Counter