Activation of growth and development of sugar beet at microstages 00-09 with application of nanoscale fertilizer elements
Keywords:growth and development according to the ВВСН scale, seed germination, mass and diameter of the fruit, linear dimensions of primary roots, nanofertilizers
Purpose. Finding ways to activate the germination of sugar beet seeds, obtaining even and synchronous sprouts when applying fertilizer compositions with nanoscale elements.
Methods. Vegetation and laboratory. The seeds of sugar beet were sown in prepared utensils with soil in accordance with the requirements of the methods for vegetation experiments. Fertilizers were introduced in the form of solutions with different ratios according to six microstages.
Results. At 01 microstage on the BBCH scale (130 hours after sowing), an increase in the mass of beet fruits in all variants was observed - in the control variant by 9.78%; in the application of nanofertilizers - 20,4-23,7%. The diameter of the fruit varied similarly to changes in mass: in the control variant, the diameter change was 4.95%; in variants with application of nanofertilizers — 9.56-13.9%. Changes in the rate of sprout organs formation and their linear dimensions were noted in the various fertilization schemes. The length of the embryonic root at 05 microstage with uniform introduction of high norms of zinc and phosphorus, after 40 hours after sowing, was 0.540-2.671 mm. For other fertilizer combinations, the appearance of the germ root was noted only 44 hours after sowing. In 60 hours after sowing (07 microstage on the BBCH scale) there was a complete exit of cotyledons from the socket of the cluster with the introduction of nano chelate microfertilizers and only the beginning of the exit of cotyledons in the control variant. Due to the intensive processes of swelling and germination, the growth of the primary root of the sugar beet was accelerated.
Conclusions. Uniform provision of seeds with zinc and especially phosphorus on the background of basic complex fertilizer with nanoscale elements contributed to the activation of seed germination and the intense formation of synchronously developed shoots. On average, the opening of the pericarp lid and the appearance of the root accelerated for 4 hours; 6 hours earlier there was an exit of cotyledons. With the introduction of nano chelate fertilizers, root growth and elongation of the hypocotyl at the first microstages of sugar beet sprouting were accelerated twice, due to which the sugar beet sprouts appeared 4-6 hours earlier. Nano chelate microfertilizers, promoting even and synchronous germination, development of sugar beet seedlings ensured synchronous emergence of seedlings and formation of predetermined sowing density without further reduction of plants.
Corradini, E., Moura, M. R., & Mattoso, L. K. (2010). Preliminary Study of the Incorporation of NPK Fertilizer into Chitosan Nanoparticles. eXPRESS Polym. Lett., 4(8), 509–515. doi: 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2010.64
Tiwari, D. K., Dasgupta-Schubert, N., Villaseñor Cendejas, L. M., Villegas, J., Carreto Montoya, L., & Borjas García, S. E. (2013). Interfacing carbon nanotubes (CNT) with plants: enhancement of growth, water and ionic nutrient uptake in maize (Zea mays) and implications for nanoagriculture. Appl. Nanosci., 4(19), 577–591. doi: 10.1007/s13204-013-0236-7
Naderi, M. R., & Danesh-Shahraki, A. (2013). Nanofertilizers and their roles in sustainable agriculture. Int. J. Agric. Crop Sci., 5(19), 2229–2232.
Prittesh, K., Heena, B., Rutvi, B., Sangeeta, J., & Krunal, M. (2018). Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles Using Withania somnifera and Antifungal Effect against Fusarium solani. Int. J. Plant Soil Sci., 25(5), 1–6. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2017.00078
Rastogi, A., Zivcak, M., Sytar, O., Kalaji, H. M., He, X., Mbarki, S., & Brestic, M. (2017). Impact of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles on plant: a critical review. Front. Chem., 5, 78. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2017.00078
El-Bendary, H. M., & El-Helaly, A. A. (2013). First record nanotechnology in agricultural: Silica nanoparticles a potential new insecticide for pest control. Appl. Sci. Report., 4(3), 241–246.
Malik, S., & Kumar, A. (2014). Approach for nano-particle synthesis: using as nano-fertilizer. Int. J. Pharm. Res. Biosci., 3(3), 519–527.
Chinnamuthu, C. R., & Murugesa Boopathi, P. (2009). Nanotechnology and Agroecosystem. Madras Agric. J., 96(1–6), 17–31.
Frese, L., Desprez, B., Ziegler, D., Cooper, H.D., Spillane, C., & Hodgkin, T. (2001). Potential of genetic resources and breeding strategies for base-broadening in Beta. In H. D. Cooper, C. Spillane, & T. Hodgkin (Eds.), Broadening the Genetic Base of Crop Production (pp. 295–309). Rome: CABI Publ.
Prasad, R., Kumar, V., & Prasad, K. S. (2014). Nanotechnology in sustainable agriculture: Present concerns and future aspects. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 13(6), 705–713. doi: 10.5897/AJBX2013.13554
Savchenko, V., Sinyavsky, O., Zakhliupanyi, O., & Tsybulko, P. (2019). Soaking agricultural cultural seeds in magnetally activated water. Energetika ì avtomatika [Energy and Automation], 4, 25–31. doi: 10.31548/energiya2019.04.025
Gardea-Torresdey, J. G, Parsons, Gomez, E., Peralta-Videa, J., Troiani, H. E., Santiago, P., & Yacaman, M. J. (2002). Formation and growth of au nanoparticles inside live alfalfa plants. Nano Lett., 2(4), 397–401. doi: 10.1021/nl015673+
Srivastava, A., & Rao, D. P. (2014). Enhancement of seed germination and plant growth of wheat, maize, peanut and garlic using multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Eur. Chem. Bull., 3(5), 502–504. doi: 10.17628/ecb.2014.3.502-504
Preetha, S. P., & Balakrishnan, N. (2017). A review of nano fertilizers and their use and functions in soil. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci., 6(12), 3117–3133. doi: 10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.364
Roik, M. V., & Hizbullin, N. H. (Eds.). (2014). Metodyky provedennia doslidzhen u buriakivnytstvi [Methods of study management in sugar beet growing]. Kyiv: FOP Korzun D. Yu. [in Ukrainian]
Nasinnia silskohospodarskykh kultur. Metody vyznachannia yakosti: DSTU 4138-2002 [Seeds of agricultural crops. Methods for determining quality: State Standard of Ukraine 4138-2002]. (2003). Kyiv: Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy. [in Ukrainian]
Ermantraut, E. R., Hoptsii, T. I., Kalenska, S. M., Kryvoruchenko, R. V., Turchynova, N. P., & Prysiazhniuk, O. I. (2014). Metodyka selektsiinoho eksperymentu (v roslynnytstvi) [Method of selection experiment (crop)]. Kharkiv: N.p. [in Ukrainian]
ISTA. (2014). International Rules for Seed Testing. Bassersdorf, Switzerland: ISTA.
Nasinnia silskohospodarskykh kultur. Sortovi ta posivni yakosti: DSTU 2240-93 [Seeds of agricultural crops. Variety and sowing qualities: State Standard of Ukraine 2240-93]. (1994). Kyiv: Derzhstandart Ukrainy. [in Ukrainian]
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Н. В. Новицька, С. М. Каленська, О. І. Присяжнюк, В. В. Мельничук
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.