On streaming the Ukrainian names of plants. Information 12. Names of crops and taxa of genus Triticum L.

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.16.2.2020.209202

Keywords:

nomenclature, Triticum, wheat, names of taxa, crop names

Abstract

Purpose. To analyse of the denomination practice of the main species and subspecies of wheat.

Results. Modern systems of the genus Triticum are based on different morphological and genetic criteria, and number from 7 (10) to 27 species. In Ukraine there are cultivated species and subspecies: common wheat (T. aestivum), dwarf wheat (T. aestivum subsp. sphaerococcum; T. sphaerococcum), club wheat (T. aestivum subsp. compactum; T. compactum), spelt (T. aestivum subsp. spelta; T. spelta), einkorn (T. monococcum L.), durum (T. durum; T. turgidum subsp. durum), Persian wheat (T. carthlicum; T. turgidum subsp. carthlicum, T. persicum), Polish wheat (T. polonicum, T. turgidum subsp. polonicum), and emmer (T. turgidum subsp. dicoccon), or Farro wheat (T. farrum, T. dicoccon, T. dicoccum). Next to the system of botanical names, there is an agrobiological one, which is based on the crop names, but is less ordered. Historically, it, like the botanical one, arose from the trivial names of plants, but was formed spontaneously and still remains unnormalized and unsystematic. Because of this, the same taxon may have more than a dozen names that are used by different authors in agronomy. At the same time, the correct translation of the species name T. aestivumpshenytsia litnia (in Ukrainian) is found in only one source out of fourteen analyzed. The translation of Latin subspecies level trinomials by Ukrainian binomials smooths the differences between the morphological and genetic systems of the genus Triticum. In the scientific style of the Ukrainian language, the direct word order dominates in which the adjective precedes the noun, with the exception of the scientific species names of plants. This makes it easy to distinguish names that refer to different terminological systems. "Tverda pshenytsia" (in Ukrainian) is the crop name in the agrobiological nomenclature, and "pshenytsia tverda" (in Ukrainian) is the species name in the botanical nomenclature.

Conclusions. Due to the processing of etymology, the Ukrainian scientific names of the main wheat taxa, which correspond to the original Latin names, are streamlined. In an unorganized agrobiological system of names of agricultural plants, a mixture of botanical names of taxa and crop names is used, which sometimes coincide to some extent. The crop names and the names of taxa differ from each other, respectively, direct and reverse word order in Ukrainian language. An erroneous or unconscious substitution of some names with others and neglect of the rules of the Ukrainian language leads to undesirable confusion. It can be overcome on the basis of observance of the standards of the literary Ukrainian language and the Rules of Plant Nomenclature, Taxonomy and Cultonomy.

Author Biography

В. М. Меженський, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine; Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination

Mezhenskyj, V. M.

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How to Cite

Меженський, В. М. (2020). On streaming the Ukrainian names of plants. Information 12. Names of crops and taxa of genus Triticum L. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 16(2), 119–136. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.16.2.2020.209202

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VARIETY STUDYING AND VARIETY SCIENCE

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