Assessment of the adaptive potential of spring rapeseed varieties (Brassica napus L.) in different soil and climatic zones of Ukraine
Keywords:stability, plasticity, intensive varieties, spring rapeseeds
Purpose. To study the stability and plasticity of spring rapeseed varieties, in order to assess their adaptability potential in the Steppe, Forest-Steppe and Polissia zones, and also select the most ecologically plastic varieties among them.
Methods. Field, laboratory, analytical and statistical.
Results. Seven varieties of spring rapeseed, included in the State Register of Plant Varieties suitable for dissemination in Ukraine, were studied on indicators of plasticity and stability of yield traits, weight of 1000 seeds, protein and oil content. The highly plastic intensive varieties ‘DK 7150 CL’, ‘DK 7160 CL’ and ‘Sunder’ were selected for yield among the studied varieties, which are able to respond appropriately to changing of growing conditions. Varieties ‘DK 7150 CL’ and ‘DK 7160 CL’ belong to intensive varieties for the parameter of weight of 1000 seeds. The variety ‘Sunder’ was also highly plastic for this parameter. The varieties ‘Axana’, ‘Bilder’ and ‘CLICK CL’, according to their protein content, belong to the intensive type varieties that are capable of combining sufficiently high values of the studied parameter with its stability under changing conditions. Variety ‘DK 7150 CL’, which was low-plastic, has a rather low positive value of the average group deviation of the reaction stability coefficient, therefore, it can be attributed to widely adapted genotypes. Varieties ‘DK 7160 CL’, ‘DK 7175 CL’ and ‘Sander’ belong to highly plastic intensive varieties in oil content. Varieties ‘DK 7175 CL’, ‘Builder’ and ‘CLICK CL’ are showed high stability for yield, varieties ‘Axana’, ‘Sunder’ and ‘CLICK CL’ for weight of 1000 seeds. The varieties ‘DK 7160 CL’, ‘DK 7175 CL’, ‘DK 7150 CL’ and ‘Sunder’ were highly stable in protein content, in oil content – varieties ‘DK 7150 CL’, ‘Axana’, ‘Builder’ and ‘CLICK CL’.
Conclusions. It were established that high-intensity varieties for yield and weight of 1000 seeds in the Steppe, Forest-Steppe and Polissia zones are ‘DC 7160 CL’ and ‘DK 7150 CL’, for protein content – varieties ‘Axana’, ‘Builder’ and ‘CLICK CL’, for oil content – varieties ‘DK 7160 CL’, ‘DK 7175 CL’ and ‘Sunder’. The evaluation of the plasticity and stability of rapeseed varieties, which were included in the State register of plant varieties suitable for dissemination in Ukraine, makes it possible to select varieties that belong to the intensive type. According to the research results, varieties which are able to successfully adapt to the limiting environmental factors and stress in various soil and climatic zones have been selected.
Aghdam, A. M., Sayfzadeh, S., Rad, A. S., Valadabadi, S. A., & Zakerin, H. R. (2019). The assessment of water stress and delay cropping on quantitative and qualitative traits of rapeseed genotypes. Ind. Crop. Prod., 131, 160–165. doi: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.01.051
Kalenska, S. M., Melnyk, A. V., & Polezhai, O. H. (2013). Plasticity and stability of modern varieties and hybrids of spring rape in the Left-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Vìsnik Sums’kogo nacìonal’nogo agrarnogo unìversitetu. Agronomìâ ì bìologìâ [Herald of Sumy National Agrarian University. Series: Agronomy and Biology], 3, 238–241. [in Ukrainian]
Franchuk, M. O., & Popiak, O. H. (2020). Trends in oilseeds cultivation in Ukraine under climate change. In Proc. of the 3rd Int. Sci. and Pract. Conf. «Challenges in Science of Nowadays» (pp. 306–310). 6–8 April, 2020, Washington, USA: EnDeavours Publisher. [in Ukrainian]
Prysiazhniuk, L. M., Shovhun, O. O., Korol, L. V., & Korovko, I. I. (2016). Estimation of indicators of stability and plasticity of new hybrids of corn (Zea mays L.) in the conditions of Polissya and Steppe of Ukraine. Plant Var. Stud. Prot., 2, 16–21. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.2(31).2016.70050. [in Ukrainian]
Gunasekera, C. P., Martin, L. D., Siddique, K. H. M., & Walton, G. H. (2006). Genotype by environment interactions of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) and canola (B. napus L.) in Mediterranean-type environments: Crop growth and seed yield. Eur. J. Agron., 25(1), 1–12. doi: 10.1016/j.eja.2005.08.002
Hammed, M. Y. (2005). Stability of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) varieties under rainfall conditions in Northeren of Iraq. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 33(2), 2–9. doi: 10.33899/magrj.2012.36051
Tsialtas, J. T., Papantoniou, A. N., Baxevanos, D., Papadopoulos, I. I., Karaivazoglou, N., Maslaris, N., & Papakosta, D. K. (2017). Determinants of yield and quality in winter rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) under Mediterranean conditions. J. Agric. Sci., 155(10), 1577–1593. doi: 10.1017/S0021859617000727
Peltonen-Sainio, P., Jauhiainen, L., & Sadras, V. O. (2011). Phenotypic plasticity of yield and agronomic traits in cereals and rapeseed at high latitudes. Field Crop. Res., 124(2), 261–269. doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2011.06.016
Melnyk, A. V., Prysiazhniuk, O. I., & Bondarchuk, I. L. (2016). Estimation of stability and plasticity of yield indicators of winter rape varieties and hybrids in different agroclimatic zones of Ukraine. Vìsnik Sums’kogo nacìonal’nogo agrarnogo unìversitetu. Agronomìâ ì bìologìâ [Herald of Sumy National Agrarian University. Series: Agronomy and Biology], 9(32), 145–149. [in Ukrainian]
Melnyk, A. V. (2014). Estimation of stability and ecological plasticity of varieties and hybrids of spring rape in the conditions of the northern part of the Left-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU. Ekolohiia [Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Ecology], 5(82), 198–206. [in Ukrainian]
Komarova, I. B., Vynovets, V. H., & Senyk, R. V. (2015). Determination of ecological plasticity of selection samples of spring rape. Naukovo-tehničnij bûleten Ìnstitutu olìjnih kul˜tur NAAN [Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Oilseed Crops NAAS], 22, 12–17. [in Ukrainian]
Babii, S. I., Honchar, T. M., Ruda, I. V., & Yurchuk, S. S. (2014). Correlations between productivity elements and ecological parameters of spring rapeseed samples. Kormi ì kormovirobnictvo [Feeds and Feed Production], 79, 107–112. [in Ukrainian]
Seregina, N. V. (2018). Dependence of the yield of spring rapeseed on the parameters of its adaptability. Vestnik agrarnoy nauki [Agricultural Science Bulletin], 4, 47–52. doi: 10.15217/48484 [in Russian]
Tkachyk, S. O. (Ed.). (2015). Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn hrupy tekhnichnykh ta kormovykh na prydatnist do poshyrennia v Ukraini (PSP) [Methods of examination of plant varieties of technical and fodder groups for suitability for the value for Cultivation and Use in Ukraine (VCU)]. (3rd ed., rev.). Vinnytsia: Nilan-LTD. [in Ukrainian]
Tkachyk, S. O. (Ed.). (2015). Metodyka derzhavnoi naukovo-tekhnichnoi ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn. Metody vyznachennia pokaznykiv yakosti produktsii roslynnytstva [Methods of state scientific and technical examination of plant varieties. Methods for determining the quality of crop products]. (4rd ed., rev.). Vinnytsia: Nilan-LTD. [in Ukrainian]
Eberhart, S. А., & Russell, W. A. (1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci., 6(1), 36–40. doi: 10.2135/cropsci1966.0011183X000600010011x
Prysiazhniuk, O. I., & Korol, L. V. (2014). Evaluation of adaptive features of new varieties of peas. Novìtnì agrotehnol. [Advanced agritechnologies], 1(2), 12–22. doi: 10.21498/na.1(2).2014.119078 [in Ukrainian]
Prysiazhniuk, O. I., Kaliuzhna, E. A., Ukrainets, V. V., & Shevchenko, O. P. (2013). Stability and plasticity of pea varieties selected by Uladovo-Lyulinetska research and selection station. Tsukrovi buriaky [Sugar beets], 6, 19–20. [in Ukrainian].
Peirson, B. E. (2015). Plasticity, stability, and yield: The origins of Anthony David Bradshaw’s model of adaptive phenotypic plasticity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 50, 51–66. doi: 10.1016/j.shpsc.2015.01.005
Sokol, T. V., Petrenkova, V. P., & Kobyzieva, L. N. (2012). Ecological plasticity and stability of pea gene pool samples for resistance to diseases and pests. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 101, 20–29. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2012.59679. [in Ukrainian]
Temesgen, T., Keneni, G., Sefera, T., & Jarso, M. (2015). Yield stability and relationships among stability parameters in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes. Crop J., 3(3), 258–268. doi: 10.1016/j.cj.2015.03.004
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Л. М. Присяжнюк
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.