Characteristics of productivity of soft winter wheat samples from Common Bunt-Resistant Nursery (CBUNT-RES) in the southern Forest-Steppe zone of Ukraine
Keywords:soft winter wheat, productivity, valuable economic character, source material
Purpose. Evaluate the introduced samples of soft winter wheat from the international nursery Common Bunt-Resistant Nursery (CBUNT-RES) of different ecological and geographical origin in the southern part of the Forest-Steppe zone of Ukraine according to a set of productivity indicators in order to define the most valuable samples and describe them.
Methods. During 2016–2019 on the base of Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production of the V. Ya. Yuriev Plant Production Institute of NAAS the authors studied, evaluated and described 75 new soft winter wheat samples of various eco-geographical origins by productivity traits. In the field and laboratory conditions, indicators of yield and productivity were determined: 1000 grains weight, plant height and ear length, the number of spikelets and grains in the ear, weight of ear and grain and early-ripening.
Results. Plant material with increased parameters of economic and biological characters was identified. During studies, it was found that ‘F08347G8’, ‘F00628G34-1’ (Romania), ‘91-142A61/KATIA1//GRISET-4’, ‘SAULESKU#44/TR810200//GRISET-4’, ‘ATTILA/BABAX//PASTOR/4/…’ (IU067591) (Turkey), ‘INTENSIVNAYA//PBW343*2/TUKURU’, ‘SANZAR-8/KKTS’ (Mexico) were the high-yielding varieties. The samples of soft winter wheat as ‘F08347G8’, ‘F00628G34-1’ (Romania), ‘INTENSIVNAYA//PBW343*2/…’ (IU067637) (Mexico), ‘ATAY/GALVEZ87/6/TAST/…’ (IU067587), ‘DE9/MERCAN-2’, ‘KRASNODAR/FRTL/6…’ (IU067595), ‘SAULESKU#44/TR810200//GRISET-4’, ‘GANSU-1/3/AUSGS50AT34/…’ (IU067598), ‘ORKINOS-1*2/3/AUS…’ (IU067608), ‘KAMBARA1/ZANDER-17’ , ‘TAM200/KAUZ/4/CHAM6//…’ (IU067612) (Turkey) contained a large grain weight (more than 5.0 g), plant productivity in these samples was rather high due to increased amount of grains and the thousand kernel weight.
Conclusions. The introduced soft winter wheat samples of various eco-geographical origins were adapted to the Southern Forest-Steppe and can be recommended as a source material in breeding to increasing productive capacity.
Kochmarskyi, V. S., Zamlila, N. P., Volohdina, H. B., Humeniuk, O. V., & Voloshchuk, S. I. (2016). Adaptability level of perspective lines of bread winter wheat in the conditions of Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Mironìvsʹkij vìsnik [Myronivka Bulletin], 2, 98–116. [in Ukrainian]
Brenchley, R., Spannagl, N., Pfeifer, M., Barker. G. L., D’Amore, R., Allen, A. M., ... Hall, N. (2012). Analysis of the bread wheat genome using whole genome shotgun sequencing. Nature, 491, 705–710. doi: 10.1038/nature11650
Prokopenko, O. (Ed.). (2019). Roslynnytstvo Ukrainy 2018. Statystychnyi zbirnyk [Crop production of Ukraine 2018. Statistical year book]. Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]
Chernobai, Yu. O., Riаbchun, V. K., Yarosh, A. V., & Morhunov, О. I. (2019). Winter bread wheat productivity elements and yield capacity in relation to its origin. Genetičnì resursi roslin [Plant Genetic Resources], 24, 47–57. doi: 10.36814/pgr.2019.24.03. [in Ukrainian]
Khomenko, S. O., Kochmarskyi, V. S., Fedorenko, I. V., & Fedorenko, I. V. (2020). Breeding value of spring durum wheat accessions for performance traits under environment of Ukrainian Forest-Steppe. Plant Var. Stud. Prot., 16(3), 303–309. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.16.3.2020.214924
Kyrychenko, V. V., Riabchun, V. K., & Bohuslavskyi, R. L. (2008). Importance of plant genetic resources in realization of state programs. Genetičnì resursi roslin [Plant Genetic Resources], 5, 7–13. [in Ukrainian]
Hassan, M. S., Mohamed, G. I. A., & El-Said, R. A. R. (2013). Stability Analysis for Grain Yield and its Components of Some Durum Wheat Genotypes (Triticum durum L.) Under Different Environments. Asian J. Crop Sci., 5(2), 179–189. doi: 10.3923/ajcs.2013.179.189
Kholod, S. H. (2008). Main directions of formation and use of the panicum collection of Ustymivka Experimental Station of Plant Production. Genetičnì resursi roslin [Plant Genetic Resources], 6, 34–40. [in Ukrainian]
Hryhorashchenko, L. V., & Rohulina, L. V. (2008). Millet sources for the protein content in the grain. Genetičnì resursi roslin [Plant Genetic Resources], 6, 116–122. [in Ukrainian]
Vaschenko, V. V., & Nazarenko, M. M. (2014) Analysis of soft winter wheat productivity in the Northern Steppe of Ukraine. Plant Var. Stud. Prot., 4, 68–72. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.4(25).2014.55977 [in Ukrainian]
Grogana, S. M., Andersonc, J., Baenziger, P. S., Frels, K., Guttieri, M. J., Haley, S. D., … Byrne, P. F. (2016). Phenotypic Plasticity of Winter Wheat Heading Date and Grain Yield across the US Great Plains. Crop Sci., 56(5), 2223–2236. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2015.06.0357
Juliana, P., Singh, R. P., Braun, H. J., Huerta-Espino, J., Crespo-Herrera, L., Velu, G., ... Shrestha, S. (2020). Genomic Selection for Grain Yield in the CIMMYT Wheat Breeding Program–Status and Perspectives. Plant Sci., 11, 1–18. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.564183
Rekomendatsii po izucheniyu zarubezhnykh obraztsov sel’skokhozyaystvennykh kultur v introduktsionno-karantinnykh pitomnikakh [Guidelines for studying foreign samples of crops in the introduction-quarantine nurseries]. (1986). Leningrad: VIR. [in Russian]
Gradchaninova, O. D., Rudenko, M. I., & Filatenko, A. A. (1985). Metodicheskie ukazaniya po izucheniyu kollekcii pshenicy [Methodical instructions on studying a collection of wheat]. V. F. Dorofeeva (Ed.). Leningrad: VIR. [in Russian]
Filatenko, A. A., & Shitova, I. P. (1989). Shirokiy unifitsirovannyy klassifikator SEV roda Triticum L. [CMEA wide-range unified classifier of the genus Triticum L.]. V. A. Korneychuk (Ed.). Leningrad: VIR. [in Russian]
Vavilov, N. I. (1962). Izbrannye trudy. T. 3: Problemy geografii, filogenii i selektsii pshenitsy i rzhi. Rastitel’nye resursy i voprosy sistematiki kul’turnykh rasteniy [Selected Works. Vol. 3: Problems of geography, phylogeny and selection of wheat and rye. Plant resources and issues of taxonomy of cultivated plants] (pp. 166–168). F. Kh. Bakhteev & E. N. Sinskaya (Eds.). Moscow–Leningrad: Izd-vo Akad. nauk SSSR. [in Russian]
Zviahin, A. F. (2011) The influence of the duration of the growing season on the date of earing on the yield of winter wheat varieties. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 100, 66–77. [in Ukrainian]
Kirian, V. M., Kirian, M. V., & Vyskub, R. S. (2016). Genetic resources as initial material for developing new soft winter wheat varieties. Plant Var. Stud. Prot., 4, 10–17. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88570 [in Ukrainian]
Kochmarskyi, V. S., Khomenko, S. O., Fedorenko, M. V., & Daniuk, T. A. (2015). Plant heignt and lodging resistance of collection accessions of durum apring wheat. Mironìvsʹkij vìsnik [Myronivka Bulletin], 1, 73–81. [in Ukrainian]
Orliuk, A. P., & Kolesnikova, N. D. (2001). Variability of winter wheat plant height among progenies of multidirectional selections. In Sovremennye problemy genetiki, biotekhnologii i selektsii rasteniy: tezisy dokl. Mezhdunar. konf. molodykh uchenykh [Modern problems of Genetics, Biotechnology and Plant Breeding: Proc. Int. Conf. young scientists] (pp. 231–232). July 2–7, 2001, Kharkiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]
Lyfenko, S. F. (1988). Selektsiya sortov ozimoy pshenitsy intensivnogo tipa v usloviyakh yuga Ukrainy [Selection of varieties of winter wheat of intensive type in the conditions of the south of Ukraine] (Extended Abstract of Dr. Agric. Sci. Diss.). Plant Breeding and Genetics Institute of UAAS, Odessa, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]
Demydov, O. A., Blyzniuk, R. M., & Radchenko, O. S. (2015). Characteristics of promising spring wheat lines by yield components. Mironìvsʹkij vìsnik [Myronivka Bulletin], 1, 18–25. [in Ukrainian]
Kholod, S. M., & Vyskub, R. S. (2018). Characteristic of geographically distant samples of winter soft wheat from 20TH FAWWON-SA nursery in the southern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Plant Var. Stu. Prot., 14(2), 144–152. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.14.2.2018.134760. [in Ukrainian]
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 С. М. Холод
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.