Assessment of drought resistance of alfalfa breeding material according to water regime indicators in the South of Ukraine
Keywords:alfalfa, population, water content in tissues, water deficit, water holding capacity, drought tolerance, irrigation, natural humidification
Purpose is to evaluate the plant breeding material of alfalfa by the indices of water metabolism in different conditions of humidification, to determine the patterns of their manifestation, correlation ties between them and drought tolerance, to point out the best material for introduction into the plant breeding process.
Methods. Field, laboratory, statistical.
Results. During 2017–2020, 9 populations of alfalfa were studied by the indices of water regime: water content in the tissues, water deficit and water holding capacity of the leaves in the conditions of irrigation and natural humidification. The regularities of their manifestation were determined. By the data on the water content in leaves it was found out that it is high at irrigation (81.88; 79.63; 78.42%) and low (69.20; 70.81; 71.84%) without irrigation. Water content in leaves is closely related with water deficit, but the connection is inverse (r = -0.986 at irrigation and r = -0.863 at natural humidification). Water deficit in the populations was the highest (50.28–29.96–33.0%) in the stress conditions (without irrigation) and decreased in the plants at irrigation to 12.64–17.37–22.04%. Water deficit relates to water holding capacity of leaves: the greater water deficit, the lower water holding capacity. In the irrigated conditions, 13.9 to 17.3% was lost in 2 hours of the leaves wilting and 30.3–34.6% after 8 hours, and 3.78–4.31% in 1 hour. Water holding capacity ranged from 82.7 to 85.9% after 2 hours of the leaves wilting, and 61.6 to 69.7% after 8 hours. In the conditions of natural humidification, in the first 2 hours after wilting, the water content decreased by 8.5–11.7%, after 8 hours – by 16.5–22.6%. Water loss per one hour ranged from 1.78 to 2.84%, 1.5–2.0 times less than in irrigated plants. Water holding capacity was 82.3–91.5 and 77.0–91.5% after 2 and 8 hours, respectively. It was high (90.3–91.5 and 83.4–91.5%) in the following populations: LRH, M.q./M.agr., A.r.d. and M.agr.C. at water loss of 1.78–2.15%. A high inverse connection was found between water loss and water holding capacity after 2 and 8 hours: r = -0.652 and r = -0.963, respectively. There was a significant positive relationship between water holding capacity and drought tolerance (r = 0.597–0.696). High drought tolerance (56.9–58.2%) was recorded in the populations: M.agr.C., M.q./M.agr., LRH and Ram. D.
Conclusions. Regularities of changes in tissue water content, deficit and water holding capacity of alfalfa leaves during irrigation and in conditions of natural humidification were revealed. The relationships between water deficit and water holding capacity, water loss and water holding capacity, water holding capacity and drought tolerance were determined. The best populations with high drought tolerance were selected to be introduced into the plant breeding process.
Yu, L.-X. (2017). Identification of single-nucleotide polymorphic loci associated with biomass yield under water deficit in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) using genome-wide sequencing and association mapping. Front. Plant Sci., 8, 1152. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01152
Harrison, M. T., Tardieu, F., Dong, Z., Messina, C. D., & Hammer, G. L. (2014). Characterizing drought stress and trait influence on maize yield under current and future conditions. Glob. Change Biol., 20(3), 867–878. doi:10.1111/gcb.12381
Wang, Z., Ke, Q., Kim, M. D., Kim, S. H., Ji, C. Y., Jeong, J. C., ... Kwak, S.-S. (2015). Transgenic alfalfa plants expressing the sweet potato orange gene exhibit enhanced abiotic stress tolerance. PLoS ONE, 10(5), e0126050. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126050
Vasconcelos, E. S. de., Barioni Júnior, W., Cruz, C. D., Ferreira, R. D. P., Rassini, J. B., & Vilela, D. (2008). Seleção de genótipos de alfafa pela adaptabilidade e estabilidade da e estabilidade da produção de matéria seca [Alfalfa genotype selection for adaptability and stability of dry matter production]. Acta Sci. Agron., 30(3), 339–343. doi: 10.4025/actasciagron.v30i3.3511
Li, S., Wan, L., Nie, Z., & Li, X. (2020). Fractal and topological analyses and antioxidant defense systems of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) root system under drought and rehydration regimes. Agronomy, 10(6), 805. doi: 10.3390/agronomy10060805
Bagavathiannan, M., & Acker, R. C. van. (2009). The biology and ecology of feral alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and its implications for novel trait confinement in North America. Crit. Rev. Plant. Sci., 28(1–2), 69–87. doi: 10.1080/07352680902753613
Luo, N., Liu, J., Yu, X., & Jiang, Y. (2011). Natural variation of drought response in Brachypodium distachyon. Physiol. Plant., 141(1), 19–29. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2010.01413.x
Shi, S., Liu, Z., Yang, F., & Yin, G. (2019). Drought tolerance in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) varieties is associated with enhanced antioxidative protection and declined lipid peroxidation. J. Plant Physiol., 232(1), 226–240. doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2018.10.023
Li, G. D., Nie, Z. N., Boschma, S. P., Dear, B. S., Lodge, G. M., Hayes, R. C., … Humphries, A. W. (2010). Persistence and productivity of Medicago sativa subspecies sativa, caerulea, falcata and varia accessions at three intermittently dry sites in south-eastern Australia. Crop Pasture Sci., 61(8), 645–658. doi: 10.1071/CP09360
Tarkovskiy, M. I., Konstantinova, A. M., Shain, S. S., Gladkiy, M. F., Gerasimova, A. I., & Minyaeva, O. M. (1964). Lyutserna [Alfalfa]. Moscow: Kolos. [in Russian]
Poznokhirin, F. L. (1961). Kul’tura lyutserny v Stepi USSR [Culture of alfalfa in the Steppe of the Ukrainian SSR]. Kyiv: UASKhN. [in Russian]
Kul’tiasov, M. S. (1967). Ecogenetic analysis of perennial lucerne. In Lyutserna tyan’shanskaya i opyt yeye introduktsii [Medicago tianschanica and the experience of its introduction] (pp. 7–140). Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian]
Verbitskaya, L. P. (2007). Lyutserna na korm i semena v Krasnodarskom kraye [Alfalfa for feed and seeds in the Krasnodar Territory]. Krasnodar: KubGAU. [in Russian]
Ivanov, A. I. (1972). Osobennosti vodnogo rezhima lyutserny na oroshayemykh i bogarnykh zemlyakh Kazakhstana [Features of the water regime of alfalfa on irrigated and rainfed lands in Kazakhstan]. Trudy po prikladnoy botanike, genetike i selektsii [Proceedings on Applied Botany, Genetics and Breeding], 47(3), 98–138. [in Russian]
Goncharova, E. A., Chesnokov, Yu. V., & Sitnikov, M. N. (2013). A retrospective review of research into the water status of cultivated plants ased on the genetic resources collection of the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry Trudy Karelʹskogo naučnogo centra Rossijskoj akademii nauk [Transactions of the Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences], 3, 10–13. [in Russian]
Zhidekhina, T. V. (2008, July). Water-holding capacity of 5 annual increments in black currant in the autumn-winter period. In Mater. Vseros. nauchno-metod. konf. “Problemy agroekologii i adaptivnost sortov v sovremennom sadovodstve Rossii” [Materials of the All-Russian scientific and methodological conference “Problems of agroecology and adaptability of varieties in modern horticulture in Russia”] (pp. 81–86). Orel: VNIISPK. [in Russian]
Hu, L., Li, H., Pang, H., & Fu, J. (2012). Responses of antioxidant gene, protein and enzymes to salinity stress in two genotypes of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) differing in salt tolerance. J. Plant Physiol., 169(2), 146–156. doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2011.08.020
Shi, H., Wang, Y., Cheng, Z., Ye, T., & Chan, Z. (2012). Analysis of natural variation in bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) reveals physiological responses underlying drought tolerance. PLoS ONE, 7(12), e53422. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053422
Krotova, L. A., & Triputin, V. M. (2017). The correlation between water-holding capacity and economically valuable traits in winter triticale. Vestnik Omskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [Bulletin of Omsk State Agrarian University], 4(28), 38–42. [in Russian]
Bome, N. A., Ushakova, T. F., Modenova, Ye. A., & Bome, A. Ya. (2016). Study of the dependence of the water-holding capacity of leaves of Triticum aestivum L. on their linear size and area. Meždunar. naučno-issled. ž. [Int. Res. J.], 4(6), 13–16. doi: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017. [in Russian]
Khaustovich, I. P., & Pugachev, G. N. (2009). Water-holding capacity as an indicator of plant adaptability. Doklady Rossiiskoi akademii sel’skokhozyaistvennykh nauk [Reports of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences], 4, 17–19. [in Russian]
Viktorov, D. P. (1983). Malyy praktikum po fiziologii rasteniy [Small workshop on plant physiology]. (3rd ed., rev. & enl.). Moscow: Vysshaya shkola. [in Russian]
Čatský, J. (1960). Determination of water deficit in disks cut out from leaf blades. Biol. Plant., 2(1), 76–78. doi: 10.1007/BF02920701
Goryshina, T. K., & Samsonova, A. I. (1966). Water deficit in the leaves of herbaceous plants of different seasonal groups. Bot. Zhurn., 51(5), 670–677. [in Russian]
Nichiporovich, A. A. (1926). On water loss from excised plants during wilting. Zhurnal opytnoy agronomii Yugo-Vostoka [Journal of Experimental Agronomy of the South-East], 3(1), 79–92. [in Russian]
Orliuk, A. P., & Honcharova, K. V. (2002). Adaptivnyi i produktivnyi potentsialy pshenitsy [Adaptive and productive potentials of wheat]. Kherson: Ailant. [in Ukrainian]
Ushkarenko, V. O., Vozhehova, R. A., Holoborodko, S. P., & Kokovikhin, S. V. (2013). Statystychni analiz rezultativ polovykh doslidiv u zemlerobstvi [Statistical analysis of the results of field experiments in agriculture]. Kherson: Ailant. [in Ukrainian]
Kur’yanovich, A. A., & Toibova, A. A. (2017, July). Dynamics of water regime indicators during the formation of mung bean yield (Vigna radiata (L.) R.Wilczek). In Mater. Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. “Rol’ sovremennoy selektsii i agrotekhniki v merakh bor’by s zasukhoy”» [Proc. Int. sci.-pract. Conf. «The role of modern breeding and agricultural technology in measures to combat drought»] (pp. 53–57). Kazan: Buk. [in Russian]
Omprakash, Gobu R., Bisen, P., Baghe, М., & Chourasia, K. N. (2017). Resistance/tolerance mechanism under water deficit (drought) condition in plants. Int J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci., 6(4), 66–78. doi: 10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.009
Krivosheyev, G. Ya., Gorbacheva, A. G., & Vetoshkina, I. F. (2013). Reaction of parental forms of maize hybrids to dry and moisture-secure growing conditions. Kukuruza i sorgo [Corn and Sorghum], 3, 1–7. [in Russian]
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Р. А. Вожегова
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.