Detection of genetically modified plants using LAMP (loop-mediated amplification) technologies

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.17.1.2021.228209

Keywords:

genetically modified organisms, targets for detection, PCR, LAMP, detection limit

Abstract

Purpose. Analysis of the current state and experience on the loop-mediated amplification (LAMP) use to detect genetically modified plants.

Methods. Literature search and analysis.

Results. General information on the current state and use of the genetically modified plants is provided. Despite the wide distribution of genetically modified plants, the attitude towards them in society continues to remain somewhat wary. About 50 countries have introduced mandatory labeling of GM feed and products, provided that their content exceeds a certain threshold. In order to meet labeling requirements, effective and sensitive methods for detecting known genetic modifications in a variety of plant materials, food products and animal feed must be developed and standardized. The most common approaches to the detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are the determination of specific proteins synthesized in transgenic plants and the detection of new introduced genes. Methods for the determination of GMOs based on the analysis of nucleic acids are more common, since such methods have greater sensitivity and specificity than the analysis of protein composition. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method is the main method of nucleic acid analysis, which is now wide used for the detection of GMOs. Loop-mediated amplification (LAMP), which can occur at a constant temperature and therefore does not require the use of expensive equipment may be an alternative to the PCR. Scientific articles about the use of the loop-mediated amplification (LAMP) for the detection of genetically modified plants were analyzed. Advantages and disadvantages of the polymerase chain reaction and loop-mediated amplification are compared.

Conclusions. The main criteria for applying a method of GMO detection analysis are as follow: its sensitivity, time of reaction, availability and ease to use, cost of reagents and equipment, and the possibility for simultaneous detection of many samples.

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Published

2021-04-06

How to Cite

Sorochynskyi, B. V. (2021). Detection of genetically modified plants using LAMP (loop-mediated amplification) technologies. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 17(1), 51–59. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.17.1.2021.228209

Issue

Section

BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOSAFETY