Morphometric and biochemical features of different Bunias orientalis L. genotypes in the M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the NAS of Ukraine




Bunias orientalis, genotypes, morphometric parameters, nutrients


Purpose. Determine a number of morphometric and biochemical parameters of various genotypes of Bunias orientalis L. in the M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the NAS of Ukraine (NBG).

Methods. Plant samples of B. orientalis (6 genotypes created in the NBG) were examined during the flowering stage. Determination of dry matter, ash, calcium was carried out according to Hrytsaienko et al. (2003), phosphorus according to Pochinok (1976), sugars, ascorbic acid and lipids were determined according to Krishchenko (1983), b-carotene according to Pleshkov (1985). The energy value of plants was determined using an IKA C-200 calorimeter. The obtained results were analysed statistically.

Results. The height of plants varied from 140.9 (Genotype 1) to 157.5 (Genotype 5) cm, stem diameter from 11.67 (Genotype 1) to 16.1 (Genotype 6) mm, the number of internodes from 18.7 (Genotype 1) to 25.7 (Genotype 6), the number of leaves on a stem from 14.11 (Genotype 1) to 21.8 (Genotype 5), leaf lamina length from 14.2 (Genotype 1) to 23.45 (Genotype 6) cm, leaf lamina width from 6.34 (Genotype 1) to 14.5 (Genotype 4) cm, inflorescence length from 27.4 (Genotype 1) to 45.4 (Genotype 3) cm, inflorescence width from 2.32 (Genotype 1) to 4.92 (Genotype 3) cm, and the number of stems from 2.55 (Genotype 2) to 5.33 (Genotype 1). The study of the content of structural and functional compounds and nutrients at the flowering stage showed that the dry matter content was in the range of 13.58–16.00%, sugars 5.07–8.86%, titratable acidity 3.28–4.25%, lipids 3.33–6.61%, ascorbic acid 382.83–693.82 mg%, b-carotene 0.94–3.48 mg%, ash 6.79–9.2%, calcium 1.00–2.44%, phosphorus 1.61–2.67% and energy value 3337.0–3498.0 cal/g.

Conclusions. It was revealed that samples of various genotypes of B. orientalis are a valuable source of nutrients at the flowering stage. The biochemical composition of plants depended on the genotype and stage of growth. Results of the morphometric study showed variability of investigated parameters. The obtained data can be used to predict and evaluate the results of introduction and breeding studies with B. orientalis genotypes as promising crops in Ukraine.


Rakhmetov, D. B. (2011). Teoretychni ta prykladni aspekty introduktsii roslyn v Ukrainy [Theoretical and practical aspects of plant introduction in Ukraine]. Kyiv: Agrar Media Hrup. [in Ukrainian]

Rakhmetov, D. B. (2018). Netraditsionnye vidy rasteniy dlya bioenergetiki [Non-traditional Plant Species for Bioenergetics]. Nitra: Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra. doi: 10.15414/2018.fe-9788055218557 [in Russian]

Xu, J., Liang, D., Wang, G.-T., Wen, J., & Wang, R.-J. (2020). Nutritional and functional properties of wild food-medicine plants from the coastal region of South China. Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine, 25, 1–13. doi: 10.1177/2515690x20913267

Avato, P., & Argentieri, M. P. (2015). Brassicaceae: a rich source of health improving phytochemicals. Phytochem. Rev., 14(6), 1019–1033. doi: 10.1007/s11101-015-9414-4

Dominguez-Perles, R., Mena, P., Garcia-Viguera, C., & Moreno, D. A. (2014). Brassica foods as a dietary source of vitamin C: a review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 54(8), 1076–1091. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2011.626873

ankowski, K. J., Budzynski, W. S., & Kijewski, L. (2015). An analysis of energy efficiency in the production of oilseed crops of the family Brassicaceae in Poland. Energy, 81, 674–681. doi: 10.1016/

Bennett, R. N., Rosa, E. A. S., Mellon, F. A., & Kroon, P. A. (2006). Ontogenetic profiling of glucosinolates, flavonoids, and other secondary matabolites in Eruca sativa (Salad Rocket), Diplotaxis erucoides (Wall Rocket), Diplotaxis tenuifolia (Wild Rocket), and Bunias orientalis (Turkish Rocket). J. Agric. Food Chem., 54(11), 4005–4015. doi: 10.1021/jf052756t

Kełtyk, P. (2014). Distribution pattern of the invasive alien plant Bunias orientalis in Row Podtatrzanski Trench, North of the Tatra Mts, Poland. Biologia, 69(3), 323–331. doi: 10.2478/s11756-013-0319-7

Martinez-Sanchez, A., Gil-Izquierdo, A., Gil, M. I., & Ferreres, F. (2008). A Comparative Study of Flavonoid Compounds, Vitamin C, and Antioxidant Properties of Baby Leaf Brassicaceae Species. J. Agric. Food Chem., 56(7), 2330–2340. doi: 10.1021/jf072975+

Blazevic, I., Dulovic, A., Cikes Culic, V., Burčul, F., Ljubenkov, I., Ruscic, M., & Generalic Mekinic, I. (2019). Bunias erucago L.: glocusinolate profile and in vitro biological potential. Mole­cules, 24(4), 741. doi: 10.3390/molecules24040741

Vergun, O., Kacaniova, M., Rakhmetov, D., Shymanska, O., Bon­darchuk, O., Brindza, J., & Ivanisova, E. (2018). Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Bunias orientalis L. and Scorzonera hispanica L. ethanol extracts. Agrobiodiversity for Improving Nutrition, Health and Life Quality, 2, 29–38. doi: 10.15414/agrobiodivesity.2018.2585-8246.029-038

Mihovich, Zh. Je., Punegov, V. V., Zajnullina, K. S., & Ruban, G. A. (2018). Flavonols pool distribution in the aerial mass of the Bunias orientalis L. in the North. Samarskij nauchnyj vestnik [Samara Journal of Science], 7(2), 87–90. [in Russian]

Uteush, Yu. A., & Lobas, M. H. (1996). Kormovi resursy flory Ukrainy (introduktsiia, biolohiia, vykorystannia, osnovy vyroshchuvannia, ekonomichna dotsilnist vprovadzhennia v kulturu) [Feed resources of flora of Ukraine (introduction, biology, use, basics of cultivation, economic expediency of introduction into culture)]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Ukrainian]

Kolektsiinyi fond energetychnyh, aromatychnyh ta inshyh korysnyh roslyn NBS imeni M. M. Gryshka NAN Ukrainy [The Collection Fund of energetic, aromatic and other useful plants of M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the NAS of Ukraine]. (2020). Kyiv: Palivoda V. D. [in Ukrainian]

Rakhmetov, D. B., Vergun, O. M., Rakhmetova, S. O., Shymanska, O. V., & Fishchenko, V. V. (2020). Study of some biochemical parameters and productivity of Silphium L. genotypes as perspective energetic crops. Plant Var. Stud. Prot., 16(3), 262–269. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.16.3.2020.214927 [in Ukrainian]

Hrytsaienko, Z. M., Hrytsaienko, A. O., & Karpenko, V. P. (2003). Metody biolohichnykh ta ahrokhimichnykh doslidzhen roslyn i gruntiv [Methods of biological and agrochemical studies of plants and soils]. Kyiv: N. p. [in Ukrainian]

Pochinok, H. N. (1976). Metody biohimicheskogo analiza rasteniy [Methods of biochemical analysis of plants]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Ukrainian]

Krishhenko, V. P. (1983). Metody ocenki kachestva rastitel’noy produkcii [Methods of Evaluation of Plant Production Quality]. Moscow: Kolos. [in Russian]

Pleshkov B. P. (1985). Praktikum po biohimii rasteniy [Plant Biochemistry Workshop]. Moscow: Kolos. [in Russian]

Vergun, O. M., Rakhmetov, D. B., Shymanska, O. V., Fishchenko, V. V., Druz, N. G., & Rakhmetova, S. O. (2017). Biohimichna harakterystyka roslynnoi syrovyny Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz. [Biochemical characteristic of plant raw material of Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz.]. Introdukcìâ roslin [Plant Introduction], 2, 80–88. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2300770 [in Ukrainian]

Prochnow, A., Hiermann, M., Plochl, M., Amon, T., & Hobbs, P. J. (2009). Bioenergy from permanent grassland – a review: 2. Combustion. Bioresour. Technol., 100(21), 4945–4954. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.05.069

Vergun, O. M., Rakhmetov, D. B., Rakhmetova, S. O., & Fishchenko, V. V. (2019). Distribution of nutrients in different organs of plants of Miscanthus Anderss. genotypes. Introdukcìâ roslin [Plant Introduction], 1, 75–81. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2650469 [in Ukrainian]

Vergun O. M., Rakhmetov D. B., Rakhmetova S. О., & Fishchenko V. V. (2018). The content of nutrients and energetic value of the plant raw material of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) genotypes. Introdukcìâ roslin [Plant Introduction], 4, 82–88. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2576109 [in Ukrainian]

Rakhmetov, D. B., Vergun, O. M., Blume, Ya. B., Rakhmetova, S. O., & Fishchenko, V. V. (2018). Biochemical composition of plant raw material of sweet sorghum (Sorghum saccharatum (L.) Moench) genotypes. Introdukcìâ roslin [Plant Introduction], 3, 82–89. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2278755. [in Ukrainian]

Barbash, V., Poyda, V., & Deykin, I. (2011). Peracetic acid pulp from annual plants. Cellulose Chem. Technol., 45(9–10), 613–618.

Bondarchuk, O., Vergun, O., Shymanska, O., Fishchenko, V., & Rakhmetov, D. (2020). Accumulation of ash and photosynthetic pigments in the raw material of Astragalus. Introdukcìâ roslin [Plant Introduction], 87/88, 76–86. doi: 10.46341/PI2020031 [in Ukrainian]

Korablova, O., Vergun, O., Fishchenko, V., Haznyuk, M., & Rakhmetov, D. (2020). Evaluation of biochemical parameters of raw of Artemisia spp. (Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl.). Agrobiodiversity for Improving Nutrition, Health and Life Quality, 3, 13–22. doi: 10.15414/agrobiodiversity.2020.2585-8246.0013-022




How to Cite

Vergun, O. M., Rakhmetov, D. B., Shymanska, O. V., Rakhmetova, S. O., Bondarchuk, O. P., & Fishchenko, V. V. (2021). Morphometric and biochemical features of different Bunias orientalis L. genotypes in the M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the NAS of Ukraine. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 17(1), 66–72.