Breeding and genetic peculiarities of spring barley 1000 kernel weight under conditions of the central part of the Ukrainian Forest-Steppe
Keywords:Hordeum vulgare L., 1000 kernel weight, degree of phenotypic dominance, parameter of genetic variation, combining ability
Purpose. To reveal the breeding and genetic peculiarities for spring barley 1000 kernel weight and to identify genetic sources for breeding under conditions of the central part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine.
Methods. Investigations were carried out at the V. M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat of the NAAS of Ukraine. Spring barley F1 of two complete (6 ´ 6) diallel crossing schemes was investigated. The first scheme included modern both domestic and foreign spring barley malting varieties (‘MIP Tytul’, ‘Avhur’, ‘Datcha’, ‘Quench’, ‘Gladys’, ‘Beatrix’), the second – classic covered awned (‘MIP Myroslav’, ‘Sebastian’), awnless (‘Kozyr’, ‘Vitrazh’) and naked (‘Condor’, ‘CDC Rattan’) varieties.
Results. Various types of inheritance of 1000 kernel weight were revealed, with the exception of negative dominance. The proportion of combinations with corresponding values of the degree of phenotypic dominance varied depending on the genotypes involved in the crossing and the years of testing. In both crossing schemes, both in 2019 and in 2020, positive overdominance was found in most combinations. The greatest number of combinations with the manifestation of heterosis under different growing conditions was noted when varieties ‘Gladys’ and ‘MIP Myroslav’ were used in crossing. According to the parameters of genetic variation, it was revealed that the trait was determined mainly by the additive-dominant system. The dominance was aimed at increasing the 1000 kernel weight. Only in the second crossing scheme in 2019 the value of the directional dominance indicator was unreliable. In the loci, incomplete dominance in 2019 and over-dominance in 2020 were revealed. Reliably high effects of the general combining ability in both years were noted for varieties ‘Datcha’, ‘Gladys’, ‘MIP Myroslav’, ‘Kozyr’ and ‘Vitrazh’.
Conclusions. The revealed breeding and genetic peculiarities indicate that for the overwhelming majority of created hybrid combinations will be required the final selection in later generations, when the dominant alleles are homozygous. Spring barley awned varieties ‘Gladys’, ‘MIP Myroslav’ and ‘Datcha’, as well as awnless varieties ‘Kozyr’ and ‘Vitrage’ can be used as effective genetic sources for increasing the 1000 kernel weight
Linchevskyi, A. A. (2017). Barley is the source of healthy lifestyle for modern men. Vìsn. agrar. nauki [Bull. Agric. Sci.], 12, 14–21. doi: 10.31073/agrovisnyk201712-03 [in Ukrainian]
Kozachenko, M. R., Vasko, N. I., Naumov, O. H., Ivanova, N. V., Markova, T. Yu., Sheliakina, T. A., & Matviiets, V. H. (2011). Efficiency awnless barley breeding. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 100, 37–45. [in Ukrainian]
Linchevskyi, A. A. (2012). 95 years of barley breeding in plant breeding and genetics institute. Zbìrnik naukovih prac’ SGÌ – NCNS [Collected Scientific Articles of PBGI – NCSCI], 20, 66–83. [in Ukrainian]
Polischuk, S. S. (2014). Methodology and results of food barley breeding. Zbìrnik naukovih prac’ SGÌ – NCNS [Collected Scientific Articles of PBGI – NCSCI], 23, 100–120. [in Ukrainian]
Hudzenko, V. M., Vasylkivskyi, S. P., Demydov, O. A., Polischuk, T. P., & Babii, O. O. (2017). Spring barley breeding for increase in productive and adaptive capacities. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 111, 51–61. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2017.104887 [in Ukrainian]
Xu, X., Sharma, R., Tondelli, A., Russell, J., Comadran, J., Schnaithmann, F., … Flavell, A. J. (2018) Genome-wide association analysis of grain yield-associated traits in a Pan-European barley cultivar collection. Plant Genome, 11(1), 170073. doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2017.08.0073
Swati, S., Tiwari, K. C., Jaiswal, J. P., Kumar, A., & Goel, P. (2018). Genetic architecture of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes for grain yield and yield attributing traits. Wheat Barley Res., 10(3), 179–184. doi: 10.25174/2249-4065/2018/83148
Rodrigues, O., Minella, E., & Costenaro, E. R. (2020). Genetic improvement of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in Brazil: yield increase and associated traits. Agric. Sci., 11(4), 425–438. doi: 10.4236/as.2020.114025
Sun, G., Ren, X., Du, B., Cheng, Y., Wang, Y., Li, C., & Sun, D. (2019). Dissecting the genetic basis of grain size and weight in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) by QTL and comparative genetic analyses. Front. Plant Sci., 10, 469. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00469
Wang, J., Wu, X., Yue, W., Zhao, C., Yang, J., & Zhou, M. (2021). Identification of QTL for barley grain size. PeerJ, 9, e11287. doi: 10.7717/peerj.11287
Tsige, T., Shiferaw, T., Gezahegn, S., & Taye, K. (2020). Assessment of malt barley genotypes for grain yield and malting quality traits in the central highlands of Ethiopia. J. Biol. Agric. Health., 10(20). doi: 10.7176/JBAH/10-20-01
Vazhenina, O. E., Vasko, N. I., Solonechnyi, P. M., & Solonechna, O. V. (2020). Variability of the test weight and 1000-kernel weight of brewing barley cultivars depending on the genotype and weather conditions. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 117, 16–25. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2020.206935. [in Ukrainian]
Philipp, N., Liu, G., Zhao, Y., He, S., Reif, J. C., & Li, Z. (2016). Genomic prediction of barley hybrid performance. Plant Genome, 9(2), 1–8. doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2016.02.0016
Potla, K. R., Bornare, S. S., Prasad, L. C., Prasad, R., & Madakemohekar, A. H. (2013). Study of heterosis and combining ability for yield and yield contributing traits in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Bioscan, 8(4), 1231–1235.
Zhang, X., Lv, L., Lv, Ch., Guo, B., & Xu, R. (2015). Combining ability of different agronomic traits and yield components in hybrid barley. PloS ONE, 10(6), e0126828. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126828
Patial, M., Pal, D., & Kumar, J. (2016). Combining ability and gene action studies for grain yield and its component traits in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). SABRAO J. Breed. Gen., 48(1), 90–96.
Singh, S., Prasad, L. C., Madhukar, K., Chandra, K., & Prasad, R. (2017). Heterosis and combining ability of indigenous and exotic crosses of barley. Plant Arch., 17(2), 813–820.
Jalata, Z., Mekbib, F., Lakew, B., & Ahmed, S. (2019). Gene action and combining ability test for some agro-morphological traits in barley. J. Appl. Sci., 19(2), 88–95. doi: 10.3923/jas.2019.88.95
Kumari, A., Vishwakarma, S. R., & Singh, Y. (2020). Evaluation of combining ability and gene action in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) using Line x Tester analysis. Electron. J. Plant Breed., 11(1), 97–102. doi: 10.37992/2020.1101.017
Zymogliad, O. V., Kozachenko, M. R., Vasko, N. I., Solonechnyi, P. M., Vazhenina, O. E., & Naumov, O. G. (2021). Performance inheritance and combining ability of spring barley accessions. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 119, 106–116. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2021.237026
Vashchenko, V. V., & Shevchenko, A. A. (2021). Variability and genetic control of the “seedlings-earing” interphase period in spring barley under water deficit. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 119, 94–105. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2021.237022
Sharma, Y., & Sharma, S. N. (2008). Effect of sowing dates on genetic components in six-rowed barley. Acta Agron. Hung., 56(3), 349–356. doi: 10.1556/AAgr.56.2008.3.11
Vaschenko, V. V. (2010). Variability and genetic control of 1000 grain weight in spring barley. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 98, 78–85. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2010.70227 [in Russian]
Shendy, M. Z. (2015). Gene action and path coefficient studies for yield and yield components of some barley crosses. Egypt. J. Plant Breed., 19(4), 1155–1166. doi: 10.12816/0031662
Vasylkivskyi, S. P., Demydov, О. А., Hudzenko, V. M., & Polischuk, T. P. (2017). Genetic weight control of 1000 grains at modern grades of spring barley. Vìsn. agrar. nauki [Bull. Agric. Sci.], 10, 37–43. doi: 10.31073/agrovisnyk201710-08. [in Ukrainian]
Beil, G. M., & Atkins, R. E. (1965). Inheritance of quantitative characters in grain Sorghum. Jowa State J. Sci., 39(3), 139–158.
Fedin, M. A., Silis, D. Ya., & Smiryaev, A. V. (1980). Statisticheskie metody geneticheskogo analiza [Statistical methods of genetic analysis]. Moscow: Kolos. [in Russian]
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 В. М. Гудзенко
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.