Breeding and genetic peculiarities of spring barley 1000 kernel weight under conditions of the central part of the Ukrainian Forest-Steppe

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.17.3.2021.242982

Keywords:

Hordeum vulgare L., 1000 kernel weight, degree of phenotypic dominance, parameter of genetic variation, combining ability

Abstract

Purpose. To reveal the breeding and genetic peculiarities for spring barley 1000 kernel weight and to identify genetic sources for breeding under conditions of the central part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine.

Methods. Investigations were carried out at the V. M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat of the NAAS of Ukraine. Spring barley F1 of two comp­lete (6 ´ 6) diallel crossing schemes was investigated. The first scheme included modern both domestic and foreign spring barley malting varieties (‘MIP Tytul’, ‘Avhur’, ‘Datcha’, ‘Quench’, ‘Gladys’, ‘Beatrix’), the second – classic covered awned (‘MIP Myroslav’, ‘Sebastian’), awnless (‘Kozyr’, ‘Vitrazh’) and naked (‘Condor’, ‘CDC Rattan’) varieties.

Results. Various types of inheritance of 1000 kernel weight were revealed, with the exception of negative dominance. The proportion of combinations with corresponding values ​​of the degree of phenotypic dominance varied depending on the genotypes involved in the crossing and the years of testing. In both crossing schemes, both in 2019 and in 2020, positive overdominance was found in most combinations. The grea­test number of combinations with the manifestation of hete­rosis under different growing conditions was noted when varieties ‘Gladys’ and ‘MIP Myroslav’ were used in crossing. According to the parameters of genetic variation, it was revealed that the trait was determined mainly by the additive-dominant system. The dominance was aimed at increasing the 1000 kernel weight. Only in the second crossing scheme in 2019 the value of the directional dominance indicator was unreliable. In the loci, incomplete dominance in 2019 and over-dominance in 2020 were revealed. Reliably high effects of the general combining ability in both years were noted for varieties ‘Datcha’, ‘Gladys’, ‘MIP Myroslav’, ‘Kozyr’ and ‘Vitrazh’.

Conclusions. The revealed breeding and genetic peculiarities indicate that for the overwhelming majority of created hybrid combinations will be required the final selection in later generations, when the dominant alleles are homozygous. Spring barley awned varieties ‘Gladys’, ‘MIP Myroslav’ and ‘Datcha’, as well as awnless varieties ‘Kozyr’ and ‘Vitrage’ can be used as effective genetic sources for increa­sing the 1000 kernel weight

References

Linchevskyi, A. A. (2017). Barley is the source of healthy lifestyle for modern men. Vìsn. agrar. nauki [Bull. Agric. Sci.], 12, 14–21. doi: 10.31073/agrovisnyk201712-03 [in Ukrainian]

Kozachenko, M. R., Vasko, N. I., Naumov, O. H., Ivanova, N. V., Markova, T. Yu., Sheliakina, T. A., & Matviiets, V. H. (2011). Efficiency awnless barley breeding. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 100, 37–45. [in Ukrainian]

Linchevskyi, A. A. (2012). 95 years of barley breeding in plant breeding and genetics institute. Zbìrnik naukovih prac’ SGÌ – NCNS [Collected Scientific Articles of PBGI – NCSCI], 20, 66–83. [in Ukrainian]

Polischuk, S. S. (2014). Methodology and results of food barley breeding. Zbìrnik naukovih prac’ SGÌ – NCNS [Collected Scientific Articles of PBGI – NCSCI], 23, 100–120. [in Ukrainian]

Hudzenko, V. M., Vasylkivskyi, S. P., Demydov, O. A., Polischuk, T. P., & Babii, O. O. (2017). Spring barley breeding for increase in pro­ductive and adaptive capacities. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 111, 51–61. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2017.104887 [in Ukrainian]

Xu, X., Sharma, R., Tondelli, A., Russell, J., Comadran, J., Schnaithmann, F., … Flavell, A. J. (2018) Genome-wide association analysis of grain yield-associated traits in a Pan-European barley cultivar collection. Plant Genome, 11(1), 170073. doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2017.08.0073

Swati, S., Tiwari, K. C., Jaiswal, J. P., Kumar, A., & Goel, P. (2018). Genetic architecture of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes for grain yield and yield attributing traits. Wheat Barley Res., 10(3), 179–184. doi: 10.25174/2249-4065/2018/83148

Rodrigues, O., Minella, E., & Costenaro, E. R. (2020). Genetic improvement of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in Brazil: yield increase and associated traits. Agric. Sci., 11(4), 425–438. doi: 10.4236/as.2020.114025

Sun, G., Ren, X., Du, B., Cheng, Y., Wang, Y., Li, C., & Sun, D. (2019). Dissecting the genetic basis of grain size and weight in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) by QTL and comparative genetic analyses. Front. Plant Sci., 10, 469. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00469

Wang, J., Wu, X., Yue, W., Zhao, C., Yang, J., & Zhou, M. (2021). Identification of QTL for barley grain size. PeerJ, 9, e11287. doi: 10.7717/peerj.11287

Tsige, T., Shiferaw, T., Gezahegn, S., & Taye, K. (2020). Assessment of malt barley genotypes for grain yield and malting quality traits in the central highlands of Ethiopia. J. Biol. Agric. Health., 10(20). doi: 10.7176/JBAH/10-20-01

Vazhenina, O. E., Vasko, N. I., Solonechnyi, P. M., & Solonechna, O. V. (2020). Variability of the test weight and 1000-kernel weight of brewing barley cultivars depending on the genotype and weather conditions. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Bree­ding and Seed Production], 117, 16–25. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2020.206935. [in Ukrainian]

Philipp, N., Liu, G., Zhao, Y., He, S., Reif, J. C., & Li, Z. (2016). Genomic prediction of barley hybrid performance. Plant Genome, 9(2), 1–8. doi: 10.3835/plantgenome2016.02.0016

Potla, K. R., Bornare, S. S., Prasad, L. C., Prasad, R., & Mada­kemohekar, A. H. (2013). Study of heterosis and combining ability for yield and yield contributing traits in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Bioscan, 8(4), 1231–1235.

Zhang, X., Lv, L., Lv, Ch., Guo, B., & Xu, R. (2015). Combining ability of different agronomic traits and yield components in hybrid barley. PloS ONE, 10(6), e0126828. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126828

Patial, M., Pal, D., & Kumar, J. (2016). Combining ability and gene action studies for grain yield and its component traits in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). SABRAO J. Breed. Gen., 48(1), 90–96.

Singh, S., Prasad, L. C., Madhukar, K., Chandra, K., & Prasad, R. (2017). Heterosis and combining ability of indigenous and exotic crosses of barley. Plant Arch., 17(2), 813–820.

Jalata, Z., Mekbib, F., Lakew, B., & Ahmed, S. (2019). Gene action and combining ability test for some agro-morphological traits in barley. J. Appl. Sci., 19(2), 88–95. doi: 10.3923/jas.2019.88.95

Kumari, A., Vishwakarma, S. R., & Singh, Y. (2020). Evaluation of combining ability and gene action in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) using Line x Tester analysis. Electron. J. Plant Breed., 11(1), 97–102. doi: 10.37992/2020.1101.017

Zymogliad, O. V., Kozachenko, M. R., Vasko, N. I., Solonechnyi, P. M., Vazhenina, O. E., & Naumov, O. G. (2021). Performance inheritance and combining ability of spring barley accessions. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 119, 106–116. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2021.237026

Vashchenko, V. V., & Shevchenko, A. A. (2021). Variabili­ty and genetic control of the “seedlings-earing” interphase period in spring barley under water deficit. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 119, 94–105. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2021.237022

Sharma, Y., & Sharma, S. N. (2008). Effect of sowing dates on genetic components in six-rowed barley. Acta Agron. Hung., 56(3), 349–356. doi: 10.1556/AAgr.56.2008.3.11

Vaschenko, V. V. (2010). Variability and genetic control of 1000 grain weight in spring barley. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 98, 78–85. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2010.70227 [in Russian]

Shendy, M. Z. (2015). Gene action and path coefficient studies for yield and yield components of some barley crosses. Egypt. J. Plant Breed., 19(4), 1155–1166. doi: 10.12816/0031662

Vasylkivskyi, S. P., Demydov, О. А., Hudzenko, V. M., & Polischuk, T. P. (2017). Genetic weight control of 1000 grains at modern grades of spring barley. Vìsn. agrar. nauki [Bull. Agric. Sci.], 10, 37–43. doi: 10.31073/agrovisnyk201710-08. [in Ukrainian]

Beil, G. M., & Atkins, R. E. (1965). Inheritance of quantitative characters in grain Sorghum. Jowa State J. Sci., 39(3), 139–158.

Fedin, M. A., Silis, D. Ya., & Smiryaev, A. V. (1980). Statisti­cheskie metody geneticheskogo analiza [Statistical methods of genetic analysis]. Moscow: Kolos. [in Russian]

Published

2021-09-30

How to Cite

Hudzenko, V. M., Polishchuk, T. P., Lysenko, A. A., Khudolii, L. V., & Babenko, A. I. (2021). Breeding and genetic peculiarities of spring barley 1000 kernel weight under conditions of the central part of the Ukrainian Forest-Steppe. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 17(3), 183–192. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.17.3.2021.242982

Issue

Section

BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>