Ecological stability and plasticity of potato varieties in Polissia

Е. Р. Ермантраут, З. Б. Києнко, В. М. Маційчук, О. М. Фещук


Purpose. Substantiating the selection of potato varieties for their ecological plasticity and stability to grow in Polissia. Methods. Field, laboratory, analitycal and statystical ones. Results. Impact of weather conditions during the growing season on the stability of potato varieties was estimated by indicators of yield, starch content and collection over the years by determining the average, standard deviation, minimum, maximum values and range of variation. ‘Memphis’, ‘Faluka’, ‘Arsenal’ and ‘Evolution’ were distinguished from the studied potato varieties by high genetic stability – their deviation from the average variance marked «minus» had values that were significantly less than zero. ‘Faktor’, ‘Flamenko’ and ‘Evora’ varieties are plastic (deviation is close to ±0), ‘Kolomba’, ‘Arizona’ and ‘Voliumiia’ ones – very plastic (deviation is most distant from zero). The studied varieties were distributed by homeostasis as follows: ‘Arizona’, ‘Colombo’, ‘Factor’ and ‘Memphis’ are the most valuable. Conclusions. ‘Evora’ potato variety can be considered intensive in terms of yield. ‘Evolution’ and ‘Flamenco’ varieties formed stable yields, during the years of study the difference between their maximum and minimum yields was the least – 8.2 and 9.3 tons per ha, respectively. Environmental assessment according to Eberhart and Russell indicates a high genetic stability of such potato varieties as ‘Arizona’, ‘Volyumiia’, ‘Kolombo’, ‘Evora’ and ‘Flamenko’. Conditions of Zhytomyr Oblast Plant Varieties Studying Centre are the most favorable among the studied regions to cultivate potato varieties.


variety; potato; productivity; ecological stability and flexibility; environmental studies; gomeostasis


Жученко А. А. Адаптивная селекция растений / А. А. Жученко // Селекция продуктивных сортов. Биология. – М. : Знание, 1986. – № 12. – С. 4–30.

Литун П. П. Взаимодействие генотип–среда в генетических и селекционных исследованиях и способы его изучения / П. П. Литун // Проблемы отбора и оценки селекционного материала : сб. науч. тр. – К. : Наук. думка, 1980. – С. 63–92.

Рудник-Іващенко О. І. Адаптивний потенціал проса / О. І. Рудник-Іващенко // Насінництво. – 2010. – № 1. – С. 5–12.

Eberhart S. A. Stability parametres for comparing varieties / S. A. Eberhart, W. A. Russell // Сrор Sсі. – 1966. – № 6. – Р. 36–40.

Методика проведення кваліфікаційної експертизи сортів картоплі, овочевих та баштанних культур на придатність до поширення в Україні. – К. : Алефа, 2005. – 93 с.

Хангильдин В. В. Генетико-селекционное обоснование моделей сортов яровой пшеницы и гороха для Поволжско-Уральского региона / В. В. Хангильдин // Вопросы генетики и селекции на Урале и в Зауралье : информ. матер. – Свердловск : УНЦ АН СССР, 1979. – 280 с.

GOST Style Citations



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

DOI: 10.21498/2518-1017

Flag Counter