Cis-, intra-, subgenesis, genome editing as modern technologies for modifying the crop genomes (review)




genetic modification, cisgenesis, intragenesis, subgenesis, genome editing, crops.


Purpose. Reviewing the literature on modern technologies of genetic modification of crop genomes. Results. The current state of genetically modified plants creation is analyzed. The information on cis-, intra- and subgenic plants and their comparison with transgenic crops is given. Examples of cis- and intragenesis application for improving characteristics of crops are provided. Such state-of-the-art technology of crop genome modification as genome editing is considered. Conclusions. Technologies for producing cis-, intra-, subgenic plants are rapidly developing and resulting in crops of the 21st century that can solve the problem of food provision for a constantly growing world population with the least contrary to the public interest.

Author Biography

Н. Е. Волкова, Plant Breeding and Genetics Institute – National Center of Seed and Cultivar Investigation

N. E. Volkova


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How to Cite

Волкова, Н. Е. (2016). Cis-, intra-, subgenesis, genome editing as modern technologies for modifying the crop genomes (review). Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, (1(30), 31–36.