100-year history of the development of bread winter wheat breeding programs

Authors

  • М. А. Литвиненко Селекційно-генетичний інститут – Національний центр насіннєзнавства і сортовивчення, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.2(31).2016.70324

Keywords:

bread winter wheat, stages of breeding programs development, varieties, yield, grain quality, adaptive ability

Abstract

Purpose. Review of the main achievements of the Wheat Breeding and Seed ProductionDepartment in the Plant Breeding and Genetic Institute – National Centre of Seed and Cultivar Investigation in the developing theoretical principles of breeding and creation of winter wheat varieties of different types during 100-year (1916–2016) period of breeding programs realization. Results. The main theoretical, methodical developments and breeding achievements of Wheat Breeding and Seed Production Department during 100-year (1916–2016) history have been considered. In the course of the Department activity, the research and metho­dology grounds of bread winter wheat breeding and seed production have been laid, 9 stages of breeding programs development have been accomplished. As a result, more than 130 varieties of different types have been created, 87 of them have been released in some periods or registered in the State registers of plants varieties of Ukraine and other countries and grown in the total sowing area about 220 million hectares.

Author Biography

М. А. Литвиненко, Селекційно-генетичний інститут – Національний центр насіннєзнавства і сортовивчення

M. A.Lytvynenko

References

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Kratkiy svodnyy otchet za 10 let (1912–1922) [Concise report for 10 years (1912–1922)]. (1922). In A. A. Sapegin (Ed.) Trudy Odesskoy sel’skokhozyaystvennoy selektsionnoy stantsii [Proceedings of Odessa agricultural breeding station]. Odessa: N.p. [in Russian]

Kirichenko, F. G., Nefedov, A. V., & Litvinenko, N. A. (1979). Selektsiya ozimoy myagkoy pshenitsy na yuge Ukrainy [Bread winter wheat breeding in the South of Ukraine]. In V. N. Remeslo (Ed.) Selektsiya i sortovaya agrotekhnika ozimoy pshenitsy [Winter wheat breeding and variety-based farming technique]. (pp. 29–42). Moscow: Kolos. [in Russian]

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Lytvynenko, M. A. (2008). Korektsiia modeli sortu ozymoi miakoi pshenytsi universalnoho typu dlia umov pivdnia Ukrainy v zviazku zi zminamy klimatu [Correction of the model of a bread winter wheat variety of universal type for the conditions of the South of Ukraine in the context to the climate change]. Visnyk Bilotserkivskoho derzhavnoho ahrarnoho universytetu [Bulletin of Bila Tserkva state agrarian university], 52, 18–26. [in Ukrainian]

Lytvynenko, M. A., Topal, M. M., Shestopal, O. L., Zambryborshch, I. S., & Halaiev, O. V. (2015). Udoskonalena tekhnolohiia selektsiinoho protsesu pshenytsi miakoi ozymoi z vykorystanniam biotekhnolohichnykh i molekuliarno-henetychnykh metodiv [Improved technology of bread winter wheat breeding with the use of bio-technological and molecular genetic methods]. Odessa: N.p. [in Ukrainian]

Published

2016-05-25

How to Cite

Литвиненко, М. А. (2016). 100-year history of the development of bread winter wheat breeding programs. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, (2(31), 75–82. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.2(31).2016.70324

Issue

Section

HISTORIY OF SCIENCE