DOI: https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88669

Plant DNA banks for genetic resources conservation (review)

Н. Е. Волкова

Abstract


Purpose. Literature review of DNA banks creation as the current strategy of plant genetic resources conservation.

Results. The current state of plant genetic resources conservation was analyzed in the context of the threat of gene­tic erosion. The importance of DNA banks was shown which function is to store DNA samples and associated products and disseminate them for research purposes. The main DNA banks in the world were described, including the Republican DNA Bank of Human, Animals, Plants and Microorganisms at the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Stages of DNA banking were considered: tissue sampling (usually from leaves), cell destruction, DNA extraction, DNA storage. Different methods of tissue sampling, extraction and DNA storage were compared. The need for Plant DNA Bank creation in Ukraine was highlighted.

Conclusions. DNA collections is an important resource in the global effort to overcome the crisis in biodiversity, for managing world genetic resources and maximi­zing their potential.


Keywords


genetic erosion; biodiversity; genetic resources; plant DNA bank

References


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Stierschneider, М., & Sehr, Е. M. (2016). A DNA repository platform for germplasm collection. In R. Kolliker, & B. Boller (Eds.), Plant Breeding: the Art of Bringing Science to Life : Abstracts of the 20th EUCARPIA General Congress (pp. 61). 29 Aug – 1 Sept 2016, Zurich, Switzerland.

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GOST Style Citations


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://www.fao.org

National Centre for Plant Genetic Resources of Ukraine [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://www.yuriev.com.ua/index.php?option= com_content&view=article&id=270&Itemid=47&lang=en

Stierschneider М. A DNA repository platform for germplasm collections / M. Stierschneider, E. М. Sehr // Plant Breeding: the Art of Bringing Science to Life : Abstracts of the 20th EUCARPIA General Congress (29 Aug – 1 Sept 2016, Zurich, Switzerland) / R. Kolliker, B. Boller (eds). – Zurich : Agroscope, 2016. – Р. 61.

Graner A. A model for DNA banking to enhance the management, distribution and use of ex situ stored PGR / A. Graner, M. S. Andersson, M. C. de Vicente // DNA Banks – Providing novel options for Genebanks? Topical reviews in agricultural biodiversity / M. C. de Vicente, M. S. Andersson (eds) ; International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. – Rome : IPGRI, 2006. – P. 69–76.

Adams R. P. DNA Bank-Net – An overview / R. P. Adams // Conservation of Plant Genes II: Utilization of Ancient and Modern DNA / R. P. Adams, J. S. Miller, E. M. Golderberg, J. E. Adams (eds). – St. Louis, Мо. : Missouri Botanical Garden, 1994. – Р. 1–13.

DNA Banking for the 21st Century : Proceedings of the U.S. Workshop on DNA Banking / W. L. Applequist, L. M. Campbell (eds). – [St. Louis, Мо.] : [Missouri Botanical Garden], 2014. – 187 р.

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://data.kew.org/dnabank/homepage.html

PlantDNABankinKorea [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://pdbk.korea.ac.kr/

The New York Botanical Garden DNA Bank [Електронний ре­сурс]. – Режим доступу : http://sciweb.nybg.org/Science2/DNABank.asp

The Australian Plant DNA Bank [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : https://www.dnabank.com.au/

DNA Bank at the Missouri Botanical Garden [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://www.wlbcenter.org/dna_banking.htm

DNA Bank Brazilian Flora Species [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://www.jbrj.gov.br/pesquisa/div_molecular/bancodna/sobre_ing.htm

DNA Bank at Kirstenbosch [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://www.sanbi.org/research/dnabank.htm

DNA Bank of the National Institute of Biological Sciences [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://www.dna.affrc.go.jp

Institute of Genetics and Cytology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://gens.by

Protocol online [Електронний ресурс] – Режим доступу : http://www.protocol-online.org/prot/Molecular_Biology/DNA/DNA_Extraction_Purification/DNA_Extraction_from_Plants/

DNA Extraction and Purification [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : https://www.labome.com/method/DNA-Extraction-and-Purification.html

Chain and conformation stability of solid-state DNA: implications for room temperature storage / J. Bonnet, M. Colotte, D. Coudy [et al.] // Nucleic Acids Res. – 2010. – Vol. 38, Iss. 5. – P. 1531–1546.

DNA and tissue banking for biodiversity and conservation: theo­ry, practice and uses / V. Savolainen, M. P. Powell, K. Davis [et al.] (eds). – Kew : Kew Publishing, 2006. – 168 с.

DNA banking for plant breeding, biotechnology and biodiversity evaluation / T. R. Hodkinson, S. Waldren, J. A. Parnell [et al.] // J. Plant Res. – 2007. – Vol. 120, Iss. 1. – P. 17–29. doi: 10.1007/s10265-006-0059-7

Organizing specimen and tissue preservation in the field for subsequent molecular analyses / B. Gemeinholzer, I. Rey, K. Weising [et al.] // ABC-Taxa. Vol. 8 : Manual on field recording techniques and protocols for all taxa biodiversity inventories / J. Eymann, J. Degreef, C. Häuser [et al.] (eds).– Brussels : Belgian Development Cooperation, 2010. – P. 129–157.







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DOI: 10.21498/2518-1017

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