Plant DNA banks for genetic resources conservation (review)




genetic erosion, biodiversity, genetic resources, plant DNA bank


Purpose. Literature review of DNA banks creation as the current strategy of plant genetic resources conservation.

Results. The current state of plant genetic resources conservation was analyzed in the context of the threat of gene­tic erosion. The importance of DNA banks was shown which function is to store DNA samples and associated products and disseminate them for research purposes. The main DNA banks in the world were described, including the Republican DNA Bank of Human, Animals, Plants and Microorganisms at the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Stages of DNA banking were considered: tissue sampling (usually from leaves), cell destruction, DNA extraction, DNA storage. Different methods of tissue sampling, extraction and DNA storage were compared. The need for Plant DNA Bank creation in Ukraine was highlighted.

Conclusions. DNA collections is an important resource in the global effort to overcome the crisis in biodiversity, for managing world genetic resources and maximi­zing their potential.

Author Biography

Н. Е. Волкова, Plant Breeding and Genetics Institute – National Center of Seed and Cultivar Investigation

Nataliia Volkova


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrie­ved from

National Centre for Plant Genetic Resources of Ukraine. Retrieved from

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Graner, A., Andersson, M. S., & de Vicente, M. С. (2006). A model for DNA banking to enhance the management, distribution and use of ex situ stored PGR. In M. C. de Vicente, & M. S. Andersson (Eds.), DNA Banks – Providing novel options for Genebanks? To­pical reviews in agricultural biodiversity (pp. 69–76). Rome: IPGRI.

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How to Cite

Волкова, Н. Е. (2016). Plant DNA banks for genetic resources conservation (review). Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, (4(33), 33–38.