Plant DNA banks for genetic resources conservation (review)

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88669

Keywords:

genetic erosion, biodiversity, genetic resources, plant DNA bank

Abstract

Purpose. Literature review of DNA banks creation as the current strategy of plant genetic resources conservation.

Results. The current state of plant genetic resources conservation was analyzed in the context of the threat of gene­tic erosion. The importance of DNA banks was shown which function is to store DNA samples and associated products and disseminate them for research purposes. The main DNA banks in the world were described, including the Republican DNA Bank of Human, Animals, Plants and Microorganisms at the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Stages of DNA banking were considered: tissue sampling (usually from leaves), cell destruction, DNA extraction, DNA storage. Different methods of tissue sampling, extraction and DNA storage were compared. The need for Plant DNA Bank creation in Ukraine was highlighted.

Conclusions. DNA collections is an important resource in the global effort to overcome the crisis in biodiversity, for managing world genetic resources and maximi­zing their potential.

Author Biography

Н. Е. Волкова, Plant Breeding and Genetics Institute – National Center of Seed and Cultivar Investigation

Nataliia Volkova

References

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Published

2016-12-28

How to Cite

Волкова, Н. Е. (2016). Plant DNA banks for genetic resources conservation (review). Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, (4(33), 33–38. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88669

Issue

Section

GENETICS