Features of accumulation of inorganic elements in seeds of white mustard (Sinapis alba L.) and black mustard (Brassica nigra L.)

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88688

Keywords:

mustard, seed, heavy metals, maximum permissible limit, ICP-MS detection, phytoremediation

Abstract

Purpose. To investigate special aspects of accumulation of inorganic elements including heavy metals in seeds of white and black mustard to be grown for obtaining drugs.

Methods. Field experiments, microwave digestion, ICP-MS and statistical analysis.

Results. The content of inorganic elements including heavy metals was determined in the seeds of white and black mustard grown in Kiev Oblast. It was revealed that during the growing season plants of white mustard were able to accumulate such elements as aluminum, barium, strontium, zinc in seeds in concentrations that exceed their content in black mustard seeds, while compounds of calcium, cesium, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium in a greater degree were accumulated in black mustard seeds.

Conclusions. As legal and regulatory documents for important chemical elements don’t contain the maximum permissible limits of their content in medicinal plants, it would make sense to launch a comprehensive research with the involvement of specia­lists of relevant profiles in order to establish such a gradation. Plants of white and black mustard in Kiev Oblast have accumulated high levels of such metals as Ba, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Sr, Zn that exceed the known limits of accumulation, indicating a partial contamination of soils in the region. Consequently, these plants can be used for phytoremediation of soils. Considering the fact that in the pharmaceutical practice refined mustard seed oil is used, revealed alterations of metal accumulation in seeds will not affect the quality of the final drugs. According to the research results, white and black mustard is promising for cultivation in Kiev Oblast with a view to obtain raw material that can be processed into drugs.

Author Biographies

О. І. Рудник-Іващенко, Institute of Horticulture NAAS of Ukraine

Olha Rudnyk-Ivashchenko

Л. М. Михальська, Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, NAS of Ukraine

Ludmila Mykhalskaya

В. В. Швартау, Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, NAS of Ukraine

Victor Schwartau

References

Evans W. C. (1996). Trease and Evans’ Pharmacognosy. (14th ed.) (рр. 36–40). London: W. B. Saunders Со. Ltd.

The United States Pharmacopeia, XXXX; The National Formulary, XXXV (2016). Retrieved from http://www.usp.org/usp-nf.

Vavilov, N. I. (1926). Tsentry proiskhozhdeniya kul’turnykh rasteniy [Studies on the Origin of Cultivated Plants]. Leningrad: Tipografiya imeni Gutenberga [in Russian]

Hadza, P. I. (Ed.). (2014). Hirchytsia [Mustard]. Ivano-Frankivsk: Nova era. [in Ukrainian]

Arkhypenko, F. M., Voitovyk, M. V., & Oksymets, O. L. (2000). Mustard as oilseed and fodder crop. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Instytutu zemlerobstva UAAN [Collection of Scientific Papers of the Institute of agriculture UAAS], 1, 48–51. [in Ukrainian]

Likarski zasoby. Nalezhna praktyka kultyvuvannia ta zbyrannia vykhidnoi syrovyny roslynnoho pokhodzhennia. ST-N MOZU 42-4.5:2012 [Good practice of cultivation and harvesting of raw materials of plant origin]. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.moz.gov.ua/docfiles/N118_2013_dod1.pdf [in Ukrainian]

Sarma, H., Deka, S., Deka, H., & Saikia, R. R. (2011). Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Selected Medicinal Plants. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol, 214, 63–86. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-0668-6_4

Vashkulat, N. P., Palgov, V. I., Spektor, D. R., & Dudnik, V. P. (2002). Establishing levels of heavy metals in soils of Ukraine. Dovkillia ta zdorovia [Environment & Health], 2, 44–46. [in Russian]

World Health Organization. (1998). Quality control methods for medicinal plant materials. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Published

2016-12-28

How to Cite

Рудник-Іващенко, О. І., Михальська, Л. М., & Швартау, В. В. (2016). Features of accumulation of inorganic elements in seeds of white mustard (Sinapis alba L.) and black mustard (Brassica nigra L.). Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, (4(33), 71–75. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88688

Issue

Section

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY

Most read articles by the same author(s)