Stages of creating the new high-yielding bread winter wheat variety ‘MIP Valensiia’
Keywords:bread winter wheat, variety, mutagen, yield, resistance
Purpose. To substantiate the main stages of creating a highly productive ‘MIP Valensiia’ variety using induced mutagenesis.
Methods. Field, laboratory, statistical ones. Seeds of first-generation hybrids were treated with mutagenic factors of chemical NEU (nitrozoethyl urea), NMU (nitrozomethyl urea), DAB (1,4-bis-diazoacetylbutane), DMS (dimethyl sulfate), HA (hydroxylamine) and physical nature – gamma rays 100 and 150 Gr.
Results. For creation of the winter wheat genotypes and increasing the incidence of plants with improved valuable properties, hybridization was carried out each year, which components of crossing differed morphologically. During the years of research in the nurseries F3M2–F5M4, the best offspring were selected. On the basis of phenological observations, biometric data and visual assessments of grain, the most number of offspring forms were obtained in 2006 (2877 pcs), 2007 (2237 pcs), 2009 (2196 pcs), 2015 (2133 pcs), the least ones – in 2011 (448 pcs). Conducting such studies during the last 10 years has contributed to the creation of a number of valuable genotypes, lines and varieties. As a result of breeding work with hybrid-mutant populations, a number of lines have been identified that are currently being investigated during competitive trial, in agronomic experiment to determine the response of genotype to sowing dates and predecessors. Thus, the lines ‘Erythrospermum 37328’, ‘Erythrospermum 37337’ exceeded the standard by 0.9 t/ha and 1.12 t/ha. Bread winter wheat variety ‘MIP Valensiia’ (‘Erythrospermum 37328’) has been created by the method of individual selection of spike in F3M4 from a hybrid-mutant population of such varieties as ‘Yermak’ / ‘Demetra’ + NMU 0,005%. The variety is recommended to be entered in the State Register of plant varieties suitable for dissemination in Ukraine in 2018. The results of the State variety testing in Ukraine in 2017 indicate that in the Forest-Steppe zone the highest yield was obtained in Cherkasy (9.11 t/ha) and Vinnytsia Oblast state centers of plant varieties examination (OSCPVE) (9.08 t/ha). In the Polissia zone, the maximum yield of the variety was in Zhytomyr (6.99 t/ha) and Ivano-Frankivsk (6.94 t/ha) OSCPVE. In the Steppe zone, the highest yield of the ‘MIP Valensiia’ variety was recorded in Dnipropetrovsk (7.39 t/ha) OSCPVE.
Conclusions. Involving modern breeding methods, experimental mutagenesis in particular, allows to obtain mutant forms and varieties that can be used in winter wheat breeding and production.
Mullarkey, M., & Jones, P. (2000). Isolation and analysis of thermotolerant mutants of wheat. J. Exp. Bot., 51(342), 139–146. doi: 10.1093/jexbot/51.342.139
Vlasenko, V. A., Khomenko, S. O., & Marynka, S. N. (2002). The results of combining combinative and mutation variability in winter wheat breeding. In Zernovyye i kormovyye kultury Rossii [Cereals and Fodder Crops in Russia] (pp. 57–60). Zernograd: N.p. [in Russian]
Kyrylenko, V. V., Khomenko, S. O., Humeniuk, O. V., Marynka, S. N., & Basanets, A. S. (2007). Modern approaches to winter wheat varieties creation using mutagenesis and artificial complex infectious background of pathogens. In Dosiahnennia i problemy henetyky, selektsii ta biotekhnolohii: zbirnyk naukovykh prats IX zizdu UTHiS [Achievements and problems of genetics, breeding and biotechnology: Collection of research papers of the IX congress of Vavilov Society of Geneticists and Breeders of Ukraine]. (Vol. 2, pp. 90–94). Kyiv: Lohos. [in Ukrainian]
Kyrylenko, V. V. (2014). Traditional and modern methods of Triticum aestivum L. breeding at the V. M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 4, 41–46. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.4(25).2014.55882. [in Ukrainian]
Kozachenko, M. R., Manzyuk, V. T., & Korchinskiy, A. A. (1989). Eksperimentalnyi mutagenez na sluzhbu selektsii [Experimental mutagenesis must serve plant breeding]. Kiev: Vyshcha shkola. [in Russian]
Morgun, V. V., & Oksem, V. P. (2011). Сreation of genetically improved lines of winter wheat with the use of inducing micromutations. Naukovi dopovidi NUBiP Ukrainy [Scientific reports NULES of Ukraine], 2. Retrieved from http://nd.nubip.edu.ua/2011_2/11mvv.pdf. [in Ukrainian]
Khomenko, S. O., Kyrylenko, V. V., & Marynka, S. M. (2012). Creation of the source material in winter wheat breeding in case of mutagen treatment of hybrids]. In Indukovanyi mutahenez v selektsii roslyn [Induced mutagenesis in plant breeding] (pp. 119–128). Bila Tserkva: N.p. [in Ukrainian]
Vlasenko, V. A., Khomenko, S. O., & Marynka, S. M. (2012). Induced mutagenesis and recombinogenesis in adaptive winter wheat breeding. In V. S. Kochmarskyi (Ed.), Myronivskyi instytut pshenytsi imeni V. M. Remesla Natsionalnoi academii ahrarnykh nauk Ukrainy (1912–2012) [The V. M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine (1912–2012)] (рр. 182–200). Myronivka: N.p. [in Ukrainian]
Valeva, S. A. (1967). Printsipy i metody primeneniya radiatsii v selektsii rasteniy [Principles and methods of applying radiation in plant breeding]. Moscow: Atomizdat. [in Russian]
Vlasenko, V. A., Kochmarskyi, V. S., Koliuchyi, V. T., Kolomiiets, L. A., Khomenko, S. O., & Solona, V. Yo. (2012). Induced mutagenesis and recombinogenesis in adaptive winter wheat breeding. In Selektsiina evoliutsiia myronivskykh pshenyts [Breeding evolution of Myronivka wheats] (pp. 240–281). Myronivka: N.p. [in Ukrainian]
Gulyaev, G. V., & Dubinin, A. P. (1980). Selektsiya i semenovodstvo polevykh kultur s osnovami genetiki [Plant Breeding and Seed Production of Field Crops with Fundamentals of Genetics]. (3rd ed., rev.). Moscow: Kolos. [in Russian]
Zoz, N. N. (1968). Method of using chemical mutagens in agricultural crop breeding. In Mutatsionnaya selektsiya [Mutation Breeding] (pp. 217–230). Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian]
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 О. А. Демидов, В. В. Кириленко, О. В. Гуменюк, Б. В. Близнюк, В. П. Кавунець, С. І. Мельник
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.