Yield and quality of pea grain as affected by agronomic practices under the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine
Keywords:pea (Pisum sativum L.), organic and mineral fertilizers, plant growth regulators, yield components, yield and quality of grain, weather conditions during vegetation
Purpose. To identify the features of pea productivity as affected by application of organic and mineral fertilizers and plant growth regulators under the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine.
Methods. The objects of the study were two leafless pea varieties ‘Uliublenets’ and ‘Yulii’. At the stage of budding, the plants were fed with organic and mineral fertilizers “Biovit” and “Freia-Akva Bobovi” and treated with growth regulators “Rehoplant” and “Ahrostymulin”, both separately and in one pass, with the fertilization rates recommended by manufacturers.
Results. A relation of the yield components formation (number of plants survived through vegetation period per unit area, number of beans per plant, number of seeds in beans and seeds per plant, as well as the 1000 kernel weight and seed weight per the plant) and the varietal peculiarities, treatments and weather conditions of the year was found. The most significant effect on the crop productivity had plant density, seed number per plant and seed weight per plant. A clear pattern was observed regarding the efficiency of organic and mineral fertilizers and plant growth regulators combination on the formation of yield components, and consequently, on the yield and quality of pea grain. Moreover, this pattern was not affected by adverse environmental conditions in both varieties under study and was observed in all years of the experiment. The highest yield and quality of grain (content of crude protein, fat, etc.) were recorded in complex treatments.
Conclusions. Application of fertilizers and plant growth regulators in pea sowings is an important and effective factor in the realization of crop yield potential. The characteristics of individual plant productivity, grain yield, and quality determined in the experiment can be used to improve the model of cultivation technology for pea under the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine
Bezruchko, O. I., & Zahynailo, M. I. (20212). Accession to Ukraine’s market of pea (Pisum sativum L. sensu lato). Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 2, 45–50. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.2(16).2012.58978. [in Ukrainian]
Zinchenko, O. I., Salatenko, V. N., & Bilonozhko, M. A. Roslynnytstvo [Plant Production]. O. I. Zinchenko (Ed.). Kyiv: Ahrarna osvita. [in Ukrainian]
Zbyrannia vrozhaiu silskohospodarskykh kultur stanom na 1 zhovtnia 2017 roku [Harvesting of crops as of October 1, 2017]. (2017). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. URL: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/druk/publicat/kat_u/publ7_u.htm [in Ukrainian]
Ohurtsov, Yu. Ye. (2008). Formuvannia urozhainosti novykh sortiv horokhu zalezhno vid tekhnolohichnykh pryiomiv vyroshchuvannia v umovakh skhidnoi chastyny Lisostepu Ukrainy [Productivity formation in new pea varieties as affected by agronomic practices under the conditions of Eastern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine] (Cand. Agric. Sci. Diss.). Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]
Hamaiunova, V. V., & Tuz, M. S. (2016). Effect of the elements of cultivation technology on the productivity of pea varieties in the Southern Steppe. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats’ NNTs “Instytut zemlerobstva NAAN” [Proceedings of the NSC “Institute of Agriculture of NAAS”], 1, 46–57. [in Ukrainian]
Hanhur, V. V. (2017). Yield and quality of pea grain as affected by fore-crop and structure of crop rotation under the conditions of the Left Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Zernovi kultury [Grain Crops], 1(1), 129–133. [in Ukrainian]
Kostohryz, P. V., & Kryzhanivskyi, V. H. (2015). Yield of peas, winter wheat and sugar beet as affected by primary tillage. Vìsn. agrar. nauki Pričornomor’â [Ukrainian Black Sea Region Agrarian Science], 2(1/2), 91–98. [in Ukrainian]
Ohurtsov, Yu. Ye., & Rohulina, L. V. (2006). Effect of fertilizers on productivity and albumen gaining by pea of various morphotype. Kormy i kormovyrobnytstvo [Feeds and Feed Production], 57, 162–166. [in Ukrainian]
Didur, I. M. (2011). Effect of liming and foliar nutrition on the productivity and quality of pea seed in conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe. Kormy i kormovyrobnytstvo [Feeds and Feed Production], 70, 86–93. [in Ukrainian]
Sviderko, M. S., Bolekhivskyi, V. P., Voloshchuk, I. S., Behen, L. L., Tymkiv, M. Yu., & Kupchak, L. Ya. (2009). Productivity of pea varieties as affected by seed inoculation and background of nutrition. Peredhirne ta hirske zemlerobstvo i tvarynnytstvo [Foothill and Mountain Agriculture and Stockbreeding], 51(2), 118–124. [in Ukrainian]
Dvoretska, S. P., & Kaminskyi, V. F. (2009). Effect of cultivation technology on pea productivity in the Northern Steppe. Zemlerobstvo [Agriculture], 81, 75–80. [in Ukrainian]
Ilienko, O. V. (2013). Productivity formation in leafless pea under the effect of fertilizers and seed sowing standards under the conditions of the Northern Steppe. Biuleten Instytutu silskoho hospodarstva stepovoi zony NAAN Ukrainy [Bulletin Institute of Agriculture of Steppe zone NAAS of Ukraine], 4, 34–37. [in Ukrainian]
Hyrka, A. D., Sydorenko, Yu. Ya., Bochevar, O. V., & Ishchenko, V. A. (2013). Efficiency of fertilizers, seed rates and inoculation of seeds in increasing the grain productivity of leafless pea in the Northern Steppe. Visnyk centru naukovogo zabezpechennja APV Harkivs’koi’ oblasti [Bulletin of the Center for Science Provision of Agribusiness in the Kharkiv region], 14, 37–46. [in Ukrainian]
Chynchyk, O. S. (2016). Effect of seed treatment with biopreparations on the indices of the structure of the crop and yield of pea varieties. Zbìrnik naukovih prac’ Podìl’s’kogo deržavnogo agrarno-tehnìčnogo unìversitetu [Podilian State Agrarian and Engineering University Collection], 24(1), 222–229. [in Ukrainian]
Kolesnikov, M. O., Pashchenko, Yu. P., & Ponomarenko, S. P. (2016). The production processes of pea under biopreparations use. Naukovyi visnyk NUBiP Ukrainy. Seriia: Biolohiia, biotekhnolohiia, ekolohiia [Scientific Herald of NULES of Ukraine. Ser.: Biology, Biotechnology, Ecology], 234, 30–40. [in Ukrainian]
Kalytka, V. V., & Kapinos, M. V. (2015). The effect of plant growth regulators and bioformulations on pea productivity (Pisum sativum L.) under the conditions of the Southern Steppe of Ukraine. Naukovyi visnyk NUBiP Ukrainy. Ser.: Ahronomiia [Scientific bulletin of NULES of Ukraine. Ser.: Agronomy], 210, 38–46. [in Ukrainian]
Musatov, A. H., & Ishchenko, V. A. (2011). The effect of technology elements on the efficiency of growing pea under the conditions of the Northern Steppe of the Right Bank of Ukraine. Biuleten Instytutu silskoho hospodarstva stepovoi zony NAAN Ukrainy [Bulletin of the Institute of Agriculture of Steppe zone NAAS of Ukraine], 1, 55–58. [in Ukrainian]
Volkodav, V. V. (Ed.). (2000). Metodyka derzhavnoho sortovyprobuvannia silskohospodarskykh kultur. Zahalna chastyna [Methods of state testing of crops. General part]. Kyiv: N.p. [in Ukrainian]
Tkachyk, S. O. (Ed.). (2015). Metodyka derzhavnoi naukovo-tekhnichnoi ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn. Metody vyznachennia pokaznykiv yakosti produktsii roslynnytstva [Methodology of state scientific and technical examination of plant varieties. Methods of determining the quality indices of crop production]. (4th ed., rev.). Vinnytsia: Nilan-LTD. [in Ukrainian]
Ermantraut, E. R., Prysiazhniuk, O. I., & Shevchenko, I. L. (2007). Statystychnyi analiz ahronomichnykh doslidnykh danykh v paketi STATISTICA 6.0 [Statistical analysis of agronomic study data in the Statistica 6.0 software suite]. Kyiv: PolihrafKonsaltynh. [in Ukrainian]
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 О. І. Присяжнюк, Л. В. Король, О. Ю. Половинчук
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.