The features of biochemical composition of <i>Aсtinidia arguta</i> seeds




Aсtinidia arguta, seeds, lipid complex, amino acids, macro- and microelements


Рurpose. The determination of the quantitative and quali­tative content of higher fatty acids, aminoacids, macro- and migroelements in Actinidia arguta (Siebold et Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq) seeds.

Methods. The qualitative and quantitative composition of higher fatty acids (HFA) was determined on a chromatograph “HP-6890”. The standard set of HFA was used to identify them. The quantitative and qualitative content of aminoacids in actinidia seeds was determined by ion exchange liquid-column chromatography method with an automatic aminoacid analyzer T339 (Czech Republic). The investigation of  seeds mineral composition of was carried out using an “ELVAX-MET” X-ray fluorescence analyzer.

Results. The content of biological active compounds of A. arguta seeds of ‘Kyivska krupnoplidna’ cultivar was determined. It was revealed that actinidia seeds contain a significant amount of fatty oils (34.9±0.55% based on dry weight). Almost 90% of the total fatty acid content is unsaturated fatty acids – linolenic (64.55%), linoleic (9.96%) and oleic (15.4%). The qualitative composition of the aminoacids of actinidia seeds is represented by 19 compounds (7 essential: valine, leucine, isoleucine, threonine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine and 12 replaceable) with a total content of 15731 mg/100 g of dry weight. The highest content among the replaceable amino acids was determined for monoamino-dicarboxylic acids-aspartic and glutamic with a content of respectively 2060 mg/100 g and 424 mg/100 g. As a result of the study of the elemental composition of actinidia seeds by the X-ray fluorescence method 14 macro- and microelements were found, the main of which are potassium, calcium, sulfur, iron and zinc.

Conclusions. The A. arguta seeds are a valuable source of biologically active substances and may be considered as a promising raw material for the creation of therapeutic and prophylactic products and phytopreparations in the pharmaceutical, food and perfume industry


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How to Cite

Скрипченко, Н. В., & Джуренко, Н. І. (2018). The features of biochemical composition of &lt;i&gt;Aсtinidia arguta&lt;/i&gt; seeds. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 14(4), 400–405.