Features of the Ukrainian soybean market





soybean, global soybean market, qualification examination of plant varieties, production rates, yield


Purpose. Analyze the trends of soy bean production in the world and identify their impact on the soybean market in Ukraine. Identify the dynamics of submission and registration of applications for inclusion in the State Register of Plant Varieties, suitable for distribution in Ukraine. Compare soybean yields to the leaders of the global soybean market with the yield of soybeans in Ukraine. To highlight information on the best yields of new soybean varieties that are included in the State Register of Plant Varieties, suitable for distribution in Ukraine.

Methods. Analytical, mathematical, statistical, graphic.

Results The significant influence of trends on the global soybean market on the dynamics of this crop production in Ukraine and the reduction in the backlog of soybean production in Ukraine in dozens of times in comparison with the leaders in this field (USA, Brazil, Argentina, China and India) was discovered. Trends in production growth coincide with the trends of the global soybean market leaders in the USA, Brazil and Argentina. In the period from 2000 to 2014, the trend of the dynamics of production growth is of an expositional nature. The influence of production growth on the process of registration of soybeans new cultivars in the Re­gister of Plant Varieties of Ukraine was revealed. The growth trend in the number of submitted applications is positive. The largest number of soy bean varieties that passed the qualification examination was of Ukrainian descent. Among the varieties of foreign origin are varieties from Canada, France, Austria, USA, Germany, Argentina, Cyprus, Poland, Republic of Serbia, Romania, Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland. The new soybean varieties showed the highest yield during the period of qualifying examination in the period from 2010 to 2018.

Conclusions. The growth rates of soybean production inUkraine have a similar tendency to growth rates among the leaders of this crop production. The Ukrainian varieties register is dominated by varieties of Ukrainian origin. The average level of yield of soybean cultivars in 2010–2011 corresponds to the average global yield of this crop in the world. The highest yields among the varieties that passed the qualifying exa­mination of plant varieties in the period from 2010 to 2018 were: ‘Silesia’ of French origin, ‘Relay’, ‘Terek’, ‘Avanturine’ of Ukrainian and a Canadian variety of ‘Kofu’.


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How to Cite

Васьківська, С. В., Орленко, Н. С., Ткачик, С. О., & Худолій, Л. В. (2018). Features of the Ukrainian soybean market. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 14(4), 422–430. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.14.4.2018.151911