Origin of remontant and non-remontant cultivars of groundcover roses Rosa L.
Keywords:groundcover roses, pedigree of cultivars, procumbent form of the crown of a shrub, remontance, dendrogram
Purpose. Find out the common parental components used for creating rose cultivars with a procumbent shrub crown shape in combination with the signs of remontance, as well as develop a generalized pattern of the origin of groundcover rose cultivars from the collection of the M. M. Hryshko National Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NBS).
Methods. Analytical and graphic. Genealogies with schemes were drawn according to S. G. Saakov and D. A. Riexta method.
Results. It was determined that all the studied cultivars of groundcover roses had species of the Synstylae DC. section as part of the pedigree: Rosa sempervirens L., R. wichurana Creˆp., and (or) R. setigera Michx. Also, the pedigree of all studied remontant cultivars (‘Magic Meidiland’, ‘Anadia’, ‘Candia Meillandeˆcor’, ‘Heideschnee’, ‘Nature Meillandeˆcor’, ‘Red Fairy’, ‘Swany’, ‘Scarlet Meillandeˆcor’, ‘Blanc Meillandeˆcor’) included rose cultivars of Floribunda groups and Muskusnaya rose hybrids, which are absent in non-remontant cultivars (‘Rote Max Graf’, ‘Nozomi’).
Conclusions. Among the parental components in the pedigrees of the studied varieties of groundcover roses, which provided a procumbent crown shape specific to them, there were species of the genus Rosa L. of the Synstylae section: R. wichurana; R. sempervirens; R. setigera. All studied cultivars acquire the sign of remontance by crossing with cultivars of the Floribund group, whose origin is associated with the remontant species: R. chinensis Jacq. and R. odorata (Andrews) Sweet section of Chinenis DC. (Indicae Thory); due to R. rugosa Thunb., section of Cinnamomeae DC., with optional repeated flowering, and also due to cultivars of the Hybrid Musk rose group, which origin is associated with the remontant species R. moschata Herrm. Cultivars created from a combination of only non-remontant species R. wichurana, R. setigera, R. sempervirens with R. rugosa were non-remontant (‘Rote Max Graf’,‘Nozomi’). Visualization of relationships between parental components of different hierarchical levels and the studied variety is presented in the dendrograms. A generalized scheme of the origin of groundcover roses cultivars has been developed, which allowed to identify the relationship between remontant and non-remontant cultivars through common parental components that provided the key feature of the group – the procumbent shape of the crown of a shrub. The results of the study can be used as a basis for highlighting and granting official status to a group of groundcover roses in the unified International Classification of Roses, which is under development.
Rubtsova, O. L., Chyzhankova, V. I., & Boiko, R. V. (2015). Rose breeding: history, achievements, modern strategy. Introdukcìâ roslin [Plant Introduction], 1, 69–75. [in Ukrainian]
Boiko, R. V., Schepitska, T. S., & Chyzhankova, V. I. (2016). Enrichment and representation of the collection of groundcover roses of the genus (Rosa L.) in M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the NAS of Ukraine. In Suchasni tendentsii zberezhennia, vidnovlennia ta zbahachennia fitoriznomanittia botanichnykh sadiv i dendroparkiv: materialy Mizhnarodnoi naukovoi konferentsii [Modern trends in the conservation, restoration and enrichment of botanical gardens and arboretums: Proc. Int. Sci. Conf.] (рр. 55–58). May 23–25, 2016, Bila Tserkva, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]
Parsons, S. B. (1856). The Rose: Its history, poetry, culture and classification. New York: Wiley & Halsted.
Allen, R. C. (1956). Roses for every garden. New York: M. Barrows & Co.
Methods of examination of varieties of roses (Rosa L.) for difference, uniformity and stability. (2016). In S. O. Tkachyk (Ed.), Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn hrupy dekoratyvnykh, likarskykh ta efirooliinykh, lisovykh na prydatnist do poshyrennia v Ukraini [Methods of examination of plant varieties of the group of ornamental, medicinal and essential oil, forest for distribution in Ukraine] (pp. 887–913). (2nd ed., rev.). Vinnytsia: N.p. [in Ukrainian]
Boiko, R. V., & Chyzhankova, V. I. (2016). Place of group of groundcover roses of the genus Rosa L. in modern garden classifications. Introdukcìâ roslin [Plant Introduction], 2, 59–65. [in Ukrainian]
Beales, P. (1992). Roses: An illustrated encyclopedia and grower’s handbook of species roses, old roses and modern roses, shrub roses and climbers. (2nd rev. ed.).London: Harvill.
Reherd, A. (1974). Manual of cultivated trees and shrubs Hardy in North America. Exclusive of the subtropical and warmer temperate regions. (2th ed., rev. & enlar.). New York: Macmillan Publ. Co.
Marriott, M. (2003). History of Roses in cultivation/ Modern (post-1800). In A. V. Roberts, T. Debener, & S. Gudin (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Rose Science. (Vols. 3, pp. 402–409).Oxford: Elsevier Ltd. doi: 10.1016/B0-12-227620-5/00048-3
Klimenko, Z. K., Zykova, V. K., & Gulova, E. E. (2007). Soil cover roses from the collection of the Nikitsky Botanical Gardens. Byuleten Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada [Bulletin of the State Nikitsky Botanical Gardens], 95, 11–15. [in Russian]
Moroz, O. K., Denysko, I. L., & Bank, V. S. (2010). The collection of groundcover roses in the National dendrological park «Sofiyivka» of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Avtohtonnì ta ìntrodukovanì roslini [Autochthonous and Alien Plants], 6, 108–111. [in Ukrainian]
Bumbeeva, L. I. (2016). Modern winter hardy rose varieties and their origin. In Tsvetovodstvo: istoriya, teoriya, praktika: materialy VII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii [Floriculture: History, Theory, Practice: Proc. of the 7th Int. Sci. Conf.] (рр. 53–56). May 24–26, 2016, Minsk, Belarus. [in Russian]
Klimenko, Z. K., & Zykova, V. K. (2018). Biological peculiarities of garden roses cultivation for vertical gardening on the SouthCoastof the Crimea. Byuleten Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada [Bulletin of the State Nikitsky Botanical Gardens], 126, 31–36. doi: 10.25684/NBG.boolt.126.2018.04 [in Russian]
Young, M. A., & Schorr, P. (Eds.). (2007). Modern roses 12: The Comprehensive List of Roses in Cultivation or of Historical or Botanical Importance. Shreveport: The American Rose Society.
Saakov, S. G., & Rieksta, D. A. (1973). Rozy [Roses].Riga: Zinatie. [in Russian]
Klimenko, Z. K., & Rubtsova, E. L. (1986). Rozy (Introdutsirovannye i kul’tiviruemye na Ukraine) [Roses (Introduced and cultivated in Ukraine)]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]
Wissemann, V. (2003). Classification/Conventional taxonomy (wild roses). In A. V. Roberts, T. Debener, & S. Gudin (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Rose Science. (Vols. 3, pp. 111–117).Oxford: Elsevier Ltd. doi: 10.1016/B0-12-227620-5/00019-7
Saakov, S. G. (1969). The origin of garden roses and the direction of work in their selection. Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian]
Zykov, K. I., & Klimenko, Z. K. (2007). The role of spontaneous buds mutations in evolution of gardens roses. Byuleten Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada [Bulletin of the State Nikitsky Botanical Gardens], 94, 24–31. [in Russian]
Denysko, I. L. (2013). Background and origins of Patio Roses Garden Class. Introdukcìâ roslin [Plant Introduction], 4, 78–85. [in Ukrainian]
Rubtsova, O. L., & Chyzhankova, V. I.(2016). Results of introduction and breeding of Roses in M. GryshkoNationalBotanical Gardenof the NAS of Ukraine. Introdukcìâ roslin [Plant Introduction], 2, 12–17. [in Ukrainian]
Klimenko, Z. K. (2017). Peculiarities of Floribunda roses’ cultivation in the conditions of the Southern Coast of the Crimea. Byuleten Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada [Bulletin of the State Nikitsky Botanical Gardens], 125, 136–140. [in Russian]
Buidina, T. O., & Rozhok, O. F. (2018). The history of culture and the experience of the introduction of Climbing roses of the genus Rosa L. in Ukraine. Nauk. vìsn. NLTU Ukr. [Scientific Bulletin of UNFU], 28(2), 41–44. [in Ukrainian].doi: 10.15421/40280206
Datta, S. K. (2018). Breeding of new ornamental varieties: Rose. Curr. Sci., 114(6), 1194–1206. doi: 18520/cs/v114/i06/1194-1206
Gu, C., Li, Ch., Lu, L., Jiang, Sh., Alexander, C., Bartholomew, B., … Spongberg, S. A. (2003). Rosaceae. In Z. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven, & D. Y. Hong (Eds.), Flora of China (Vol. 9, pp. 46–434). Beijing: Science Press.
Egan, W. C. (1920). The New Trailing Rose, Max Graf. In J. H. McFarland (Ed.), The American Rose Annual; The 1920 Year-Book of Rose Progress (pp. 55–56).Harrisburg: American Rose Society.
Khrzhanovskiy, V. G. (1958). Rozy. Filogeniya i sistematika. Spontannye vidy Evropeyskoy chasti SSSR, Kryma i Kavkaza. Opyt i perspektivy ispol’zovaniya [Roses. Phylogeny and taxonomy. Spontaneous species of the European part of theUSSR, Crimea and theCaucasus. Experience and prospects of use]. Moscow: Sovetskaya nauka. [in Russian]
Moroz, O. K., & Denysko, I. L. (2014). The history of rose culture: from gardens with roses to rose gardens. Avtohtonnì ta ìntrodukovanì roslini [Autochthonous and Alien Plants], 10, 27–36. [in Ukrainian]
Iwata, H., Kato, T., & Ohno, S. (2000). Triparental origin of Damask roses. Gene, 259(1–2), 53–59. doi: 10.1016/S0378-1119(00)00487-x
Rubtsova, E. L., & Chizhan’kova, V. I. (2011). Introduction of Rosa eglanteria L., its form and cultivars in M. M. Hryshko National Botanical Gardens of the NAS of Ukraine. Byuleten Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada [Bulletin of the State Nikitsky Botanical Gardens], 102, 90–93. [in Russian]
Higson, H. (2007). The history and legacy of the China Rose. Quarryhill Botanical Garden. Retrieved from http://www.quarryhillbg.org/page14.html
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Р. В. Бойко
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.