Features of the formation of sugar beet hybrids productivity





sugar beet, fertilizer rate, harvesting time, root crop yield, sugar content, dry matter content


Purpose. To reveal the features of the formation of sugar beet hybrids productivity depending on fertilizer options and harvesting time. 

Methods. Field, laboratory.

Results. Biological differences in the growth and development and the mass of root crops formation allowed high yielding hybrids to respond to the use of supplemental mineral nutrition properly, and therefore, high productivity rates were also obtained on fertilized variants. When harvesting root crops in September, the ‘Romul’ hybrid in the control variant formed 54.0 t/ha of root crops, and with fertilizer N150P150K150 and N300P300K300 – 74.2 t/ha. The delay in harves­ting did not lead to a significant increase in the productivity of the investigated sugar beet hybrids. Thus, in the third decade of October, sugar beets on average formed 48.8–67.9 t/ha of root crops, and root crops had an average of 18.3–20.7% sugar. The best performance was provided by the hybrid ‘Sofiia’, so the control sugar content was 22.0%, and with the fertilizer N150P150K150 – 20.5% and N300P300K300 – 19.5%. The use of fertilizers N150P150K150 and N300P300K300 contributed to higher yields of root crops with lower sugar content, which corresponded to data obtained by other scientists.

Conclusions. When harvesting in the third decade of September and being fertilized with N150P150K150, hybrids formed: ‘BTsChS 57’ – 66.8, ‘Heroi’ – 66.2, ‘Romul’ – 72.0, ‘Quarta’ – 66.0 t/ha of root crops, with fertilizer in a dose of N300P300K300 – 68.8; 68.1; 74.2 and 68.0 t/ha, respectively. It was proved that at the harvesting period in the third decade of October, ‘BTsChS 57’, ‘Heroi’, ‘Sofiia’ and ‘Romul’ were the best. In addition, the introduction of the mineral nut­rition in dose N300P300K300 did not provide a yield increase that could recoup additional mineral nutrition compared to the dose N150P150K150. In terms of sugar content of the sugar beet root crops, the hybrids ‘Heroi’ – 21.4%, ‘Sofiia’ – 21.8%, ‘Ukrainskyi ChS72’ – 21.3% and ‘Romul’ – 21.4% were the best at harvesting in the third decade of September; and in the third decade of October the maximum level of sugar content in root crops was in hybrids ‘Sofiia’ – 22.0% and ‘Umanskyi’ – 21.9%. The use of mineral fertilizers led to a decrease in the sugar content in roots by about 1.3–2.5% compared with unfertilized control options. Such a reaction of plants is caused by a sufficient level of soil supply with mineral nutrition compounds.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Н. О. Кононюк, Institute of Bioenergy Crops and Sugar Beet NAAS

Kononiuk N. O.


Roik, M. V., & Kornieieva, M. O. (2017). Ecological stability and plasticity of promising sugar beet hybrids. Saharnaâ svekla [Sugar Beet], 3, 4–8. [in Russian]

Roik, M. V., & Sinchenko, V. M. (2015). Bioadaptyvna resursooshchadna tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvannia tsukrovykh buriakiv [Bioadaptive resource-saving technology of sugar beet cultivation] (pp. 29–31). Vinnytsia: Nilan-LTD. [in Ukrainian]

Tyutyunov, S. I. (2014). The effectiveness of the intensification of cultivation technologies sugar beets. Saharnaâ svekla [Sugar Beet], 9, 36–37. [in Russian]

Savchuk, K. A. (2006). Effectiveness of local application of mineral fertilizers under sugar beet. Tsukrovi buriaky [Sugar Beet], 3, 13–20. [in Ukrainian]

Yashchenko, L. A. (2003). Ahrokhimichne obgruntuvannia pidvyshchennia produktyvnosti tsukrovykh buriakiv na luchno-chornozemnomu karbonatnomu grunti Lisostepu Ukrainy [Agrochemical substantiation of increase of sugar beet productivity on meadow-chernozem carbonate soil of the forest-steppe of Ukraine] (Extended Abstract of Cand. Agric. Sci. Diss.). National Agrarian University, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Gureev, I. I. (2014). Consequences of infringement of farming in the beet. Saharnaâ svekla [Sugar Beet], 2, 24–27. [in Russian]

Minakova, O. A., Putilina, L. N., Tambovtseva, L. V., Aleksandrova, L. V., & Lazutina, N. A. (2016). Influence of use of fertilizers in the main entering and into top dressing on productivity and technological qualities of sugar beet. Saharnaâ svekla [Sugar beet], 7, 12–16. [in Russian]

Karpuk, L. M., & Prysiazhniuk, O. I. (2014). Mathematical models of sugar beet growth and development depending on climatic factors. Tsukrovi buriaky [Sugar Beet], 6, 13–15. [in Ukrainian]

Tsvei, Ya. P. (2014). Rodiuchist gruntiv i produktyvnist sivozmin [Soil fertility and crop rotation productivity]. Kyiv: Komprynt. [in Ukrainian]

Islamgulov, D. R., & Bakirova, A. U. (2017). Productivity and technological quality of sugar beet roots at different harvest time. Saharnaâ svekla [Sugar Beet], 6, 14–17. [in Russian]

Roik, M. V., & Hizbullin, N. H. (Eds.). Metodyky provedennia doslidzhen u buriakivnytstvi [Methods of research in sugar beet]. Kyiv: FOP Korzun D. Yu. [in Ukrainian]

Ermantraut, E. R., Prysiazhniuk, O. I., & Shevchenko, I. L. (2007). Statystychnyi analiz ahronomichnykh doslidnykh danykh v paketi Statistica 6 [Statistical analysis of agronomic research data in package Statistica 6.0]. Kyiv: PolyhraphConsaltyng. [in Ukrainian]

Kostin, V. I., Isaev, Yu. M., & Oshkin, V. A. (2017). Dependence of sugar and juice purity content on the amount of molassigenic substances. Saharnaâ svekla [Sugar beet], 7, 26–28. [in Russian]

Tsvei, Ya. P., Remeniuk, Yu. O., Honcharuk, H. S., & Nazarenko, H. I. (2010). Technological qualities of sugar beet roots depending on the characteristics of agricultural machinery. Nauk. pracì Ìnst. bìoenerg. kulʹt. cukrov. burâkìv [Scientific papers of the Institute of Bioenergy Crops and Sugar Beet], 11, 276–280. [in Ukrainian]

Tsialtas, J. T., & Maslaris, N. (2005). Effect of N fertilization on sugar yield and non-sugars impurities of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) grown under Mediterranean conditions. J. Agron. Crop Sci., 191(5), 330–339. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-037X.2005.00161.x

Ivanina, V. V. (2016). Biolohizatsiia udobrennia kultur u sivozminakh [Biologization of fertilization of crops in crop rotation]. Kyiv: Komprynt. [in Ukrainian]

Dutton, J., & Huijbregts, T. (2006). Root quality and processing. In A. P. Draycott (Ed.), Sugar beet (pp. 409–442). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publ. doi: 10.1002/9780470751114.ch16

How to Cite

Кононюк, Н. О. (2019). Features of the formation of sugar beet hybrids productivity. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 15(4), 390–402. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.15.4.2019.189691