A new multiple purposes variety of industrial hemp ‘Artemida’ with a high oil content and fiber quality





Cannabis sativa L., breeding, hybridization, selection, productivity


Purpose. Creation of industrial hemp variety of multiple purposes with the absence of cannabinoid compounds, high oil content in seeds and fiber quality.

Methods. Bree­ding (self-pollination, varietal-linear hybridization in the conditions of a vegetation house, selection), field, laboratory, instrumental-technological assessment of fiber quality, mathematical statistics.

Results. The ‘Artemida’ variety was created as a result of hybridization of the ‘Hlesiia’ variety with the self-pollinated line of the sixth generation of the ‘Zolotoniski 15’ variety and selection for stabilization of high productivity traits and improvement of quality trait of hemp production. The variety belongs to the medium-ripe group; the growing season is 94 days before the phase of technological maturity and 118 days before the phase of biological maturity. When grown for fiber, the variety had a higher fiber yield (2.56 t/ha), the yield of all fiber (30.4% and including long fiber 27.6%). When grown for fiber and seeds, the plant is significantly inferior in height, which is positive for harves­ting seeds with a combine harvester, has a significantly higher seed yield (1.29 t/ha), oil content (36.8%) and fiber yield (2.01 t/ha) in comparison with the standard of the varie­ty ‘Hliana’. The analysis of the correspondence between the empirical and theoretical distribution of such a trait as the oil content in the seeds of elite plants of the ‘Artemida’ variety indicates its high stability. A notable feature of the variety is the formation of friendly seedlings and intensive plant growth at the beginning of the growing season, which helps to reduce the weediness of crops. 

Conclusions. The new variety of hemp ‘Artemida’ of multiple purposes belongs to the Central European ecological and geographical type, although created as a result of varietal-linear hybridization of different types with selection on the basis of productivity, is characte­rized by complete absence of cannabinoid compounds, high oil content and fiber quality. The variety is recommended for growing for fiber and seeds. Due to its high yield potential, it is competitive in the industrial hemp market.


Download data is not yet available.


Salentijn, E. M. J., Zhang, Q., Amaducci, S., Yang, M., & Trindade, L. M. (2015). New developments in fiber hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) breeding. Ind. Crop. Prod., 68, 32–41. doi: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.08.011

Marynchenko, I. O., Prymakov, O. A., & Guo, C. (2018). Areas of use of hemp products. In I. O. Marynchenko, & C. Guo (Eds.), Konopliarstvo: naukovi zdobutky i perspektyvy [Hemp growing: scientific achievements and perspectives] (pp. 6–13). Sumy: FOP Shcherbyna I. V. [inUkrainian]

Synowiec, A., Rys, M., Bocianowski, J., Wielgusz, K., Byczyñska, M., Heller, K., & Kalemba, D. (2016). Phytotoxic effect of fiber hemp essential oil on germination of some weed sand crops. J. Essent. Oil-Bear. Plants, 19(2), 262–276. doi: 10.1080/0972060X.2015.1137236

Burczyk, H., Kowalski, M., & Plawuszewski, M. (2005). Trends and methods in hemp breeding in Poland. J. Nat. Fibers, 2(1), 25–33. doi: 10.1300/J395v02n01_03

Chandra, S., Lata, H., & ElSohly, M. A. (Eds.). (2017). Cannabis sativa L. – Botany and Biotechnology. Cham: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-54564-6

Bakel, H. van, Stout, J. M., Cote, A. G., Tallon, C. M., Sharpe, A. G., Hughes, T. R., & Page, J. E. (2011). The draft genome and trans­criptome of Cannabis sativa. Genome Biol., 12, R102. doi: 10.1186/gb-2011-12-10-r102

Faux, A., Draye, X., Flamand, M., Occre, A., & Bertin, P. (2016). Identification of QTLs for sex expression in dioecious and momoecious hemp (Cannabis sativa L.). Euphytica, 209, 357–376. doi: 10.1007/s10681-016-1641-2

Brian, C., Dong, Z., & McKay, J. K. (2019). Hemp genetics and ge­nomics. In D. W. Williams (Ed.), Industrial hemp as a modern commodity crop (pp. 94–108). Madison: N. p. doi: 10.2134/industrialhemp.c6

Toth, J. A., Stack, G. M., Cala, A. R., Carlson, C. H., Wilk, R. L., Crawford, J. L., … Smart, L. B. (2020). Development and validation of genetic markers for sex and cannabinoid chemotype in Cannabis sativa L. GCB Bioenergy, 12(3), 213–222. doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12667

Petit, J, Salentijn, E. M. J., Paulo, M-J., Denneboom, C., Loo, E. N. van, & Trindade, L. M. (2020). Elucidating the genetic architecture of fiber quality in hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) using a genome-wide association study. Front. Genet., 11, 566314. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2020.566314

Derzhavnyi reiestr sortiv roslyn, prydatnykh dlia poshyrennia v Ukraini u 2021 rotsi [State register of plant varieties suitable for dissemination in Ukraine in 2021]. (2021). Retrieved from https://sops.gov.ua/reestr-sortiv-roslin [in Ukrainian]

Shi, G., & Cai, Q. (2009). Cadmium tolerance and accumulation in eight potential energy crops. Biotechnol. Adv., 27(5), 555–561. doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2009.04.006

Husain, R., Weeden, H., Bogush, D., Deguchi, M., Soliman, M., Potlakayala, S., … Rudrabhatla, S. (2019). Enhanced tolerance of industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) plants on abandoned mine land soil leads to over expression of cannabinoids. PLoS ONE, 14(8), e0221570. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221570

Kalousek, P., Schreiber, P., Vyhnánek, T., Trojan, V., Adamcová, D., & Vaverková, M. D. (2020). Effect of landfill leachate on the growth parameters in two selected varieties of fiber hemp. Int. J. Environ. Res., 14, 155–163 doi: 10.1007/s41742-020-00249-2

Rehman, M. S. U., Rashid, N., Saif, A., Mahmood, T., & Han, J.-I. (2013). Potential of bioenergy production from industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa): Pakistan perspective. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 18, 154–164. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.10.019

Adamovics, A.M., Ivanovs, S.A., & Dubrovskis, V.S. (2019). Met­hane production from industrial hemp. Selʹskohozâjstvennye mašiny i tehnologii [Agricultural Machinery and Technologies], 13(2), 20–26. doi: 10.22314/2073-7599-2018-13-2-20-26

Asquer, C., Melis, E., Scano, E.A., & Carboni, G. (2019). Oppor­tunities for green energy through emerging crops: biogas valorization of Cannabis sativa L. residues. Climate, 7(12), 142. doi: 10.3390/cli7120142

Kraszkiewicz, A., Kachel, M., Parafiniuk, S., Zając, G., Niedziółka, I., & Sprawka, M. (2019). Assessment of the possibility of using hemp biomass (Cannabis sativa L.) for energy purposes: a case study. Appl.Sci., 9(20), 4437. doi: 10.3390/app9204437

Schultz, C. J., Lim, W. L., Khor, L. S., Neumann, K. A., Schultz, J. M., Ansari, O., Skewesf, M. A., & Burton, R. A. (2020). Consumer and health-related traits of seed from selected commercial and breeding lines of industrial hemp, Cannabis sativa L. J. Agric. Food Res., 2, 100025. doi: 10.1016/j.jafr.2020.100025

Rong, C., Lee, Y., Carmona, N. E., Cha, D. S., Ragguett, R.-M., Ro­senblat, J. D., … McIntyre, R. S. (2017). Cannabidiol in medical marijuana: Research vistas and potential opportunities. Pharmacol. Res., 121, 213–218. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2017.05.005

Deiana, S. (2017). Potential medical uses of cannabigerol: a brief overview. In V. R. Preedy (Ed.), Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies: Biology, Pharmacology, Diagnosis, and Treatment (pp. 958–967). Cambridge, MA: Academic Press. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-128007563.00115-0

Myhal, M. D., Mishchenko, S. V., & Laiko, I. M. (2020). Intsukht i heterozys konopel [Inbreeding and heterosis of hemp]. Sumy: FOP Shcherbyna I. V. [in Ukrainian]

Mishchenko, S. V. (2020). Teoretychni i praktychni osnovy vykorystannia inbrydynhu i hibrydyzatsii v selektsii konopel [Theoretical and practical basics of using inbreeding and hybridization in hemp breeding] (Extended Abstract of Dr. Agric. Sci. Diss.). Рlant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriiev of NAAS, Kharkiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Tkachyk, S. O. (Ed.). (2017). Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sor­­tiv roslyn hrupy tekhnichnykh ta kormovykh na prydatnist do poshyrennia v Ukraini [Methods of examination of plant varie­ties group of technical and feed on suitability for dissemination in Ukraine].Vinnytsia: FOP Korzun D. Yu. [in Ukrainian]

Mishchenko, S., Mokher, J., Laiko, I., Burbulis, N., Kyrychenko, H., & Dudukova, S. (2017). Phenological growth stages of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.): codification and description accor­ding to the BBCH scale. Žemės ūkio mokslai., 24(2), 31–36. doi: 10.6001/zemesukiomokslai.v24i2.3496

Mishchenko, S. V., & Kmets, I. L. (2017). Variability of anato­mical structure of fiber on the stem cross-section of the hemp different samples. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 112, 82–93. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2017.120425 [in Ukrainian]

Kyrychenko, H. I., Laiko, I. M., Vyrovets, V. H., & Mishchenko S. V. (2018). Results of competitive variety testing of new hemp varieties. Lub’ânì ta tehnìčnì kulʹturi [Bast and Technical Crops], 6(11), 14–20. [in Ukrainian]. doi: 10.48096/btc.2018.6(11).14-20

Accepted by editor




How to Cite

Mishchenko, S. V., Kyrychenko, H. I., & Laiko, I. M. (2021). A new multiple purposes variety of industrial hemp ‘Artemida’ with a high oil content and fiber quality. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 17(1), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.17.1.2021.228208