Drought tolerance of hybrid tea rose varieties in the conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine
Keywords:the level of moisture loss, water shortage, turgor, leaf tissue
Purpose. To reveal drought resistance of hybrid tea rose varieties of garden group in field and laboratory conditions.
Methods. Field, biometric, laboratory, statistical. The drought resistance of plants in the field was assessed according to S. S. Pyatnitsky 6-point scale (1961); experiments in the laboratory were to determine the water holding capacity of leaves, their water deficiency, the ability to restore turgor, hydration of tissues according to the unified method of the Institute of Horticulture NAAS (Kytaiev et al., 1998, 2009).
Results. According to visual observations in periods with low moisture supply, leaf turgor did not decrease, so in the field, drought resistance of hybrid tea roses was estimated at 5 points on a 6-point scale. In the laboratory, water deficiency in the leaves was calculated (as a percentage of the total water content in the state of full saturation). According to the indicators of the water-holding capacity of leaf tissues, varieties with the level of moisture loss in the exposure after 12 hours from the lowest to the highest, were selected.
Conclusions. All varieties of hybrid tea roses from the collection of M. M. Gryshko NBG of NAS of Ukraine, included in the experiment, in field conditions were rather drought-resistant. According to the indicators of drought resistance of leaves from 44 model varieties, 9 with low (up to 22.30%), 5 with medium (up to 24.37%), 30 with high and very high level of moisture loss were identified (27.23–46.47%). Analysis of the research results shows that the physiological processes associated with water loss are a variety-specific, genetically inherited trait. Varieties of hybrid tea roses of different geographical origin, which showed the criterion of drought resistance from medium to highest, can be recommended for cultivation in the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine.
Rubcova, O. L. (2009). Rid Rosa L. v Ukraini: istoriia, napriamy doslidzhen, dosiahnennia ta perspektyvy [Genus Rosa L. in Ukraine: history, directions, of researches, achievements and prospects]. Kyiv: Feniks. [in Ukrainian]
Rubczova, O. L., Chyzhankova, V. I., & Boiko, R. V. (2015). Rose breeding: history, achievements, modern strategy. Introdukcìâ roslin [Plant Introduction], 65(1), 69–75. [in Ukrainian]
Young, M. A., & Schorr, P. (Eds.). (2007). Modern Roses 12: the comprehensive list of roses in cultivation or of historical or botanical importance. Shreveport, LA: American Rose Society.
Kolesnichenko, O. V., Rubtsova, O. L., Shumyk, M. I., Hrysiuk, S. M., Pikovskyi, M. Y., Shvets, I. V., … Chyzhankova, V. I. (2020). Troiandy v nasadzhenniakh mista Kyieva [Roses in plantations of the city of Kyiv]. Kyiv: FOP Yamchynskyi. [in Ukrainian]
Denysko, I. L. (2014). Bioloho-ekologichni osoblyvosti, introdukciia, perspektyvy vykorystannia troiand hrupy patio u Pravoberezhnomu Lisostepu Ukrainy [Biological and ecological features, introduction, prospects of using patio roses in the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine] (Extended Abstract of Cand. Biol. Sci. Diss.). M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]
Buidina, T. O. (2019). Bioloho-ekolohichni osoblyvosti lian rodu Rosa L. v umovakh Pravoberezhnoho Lisostepy Ukrainy [Biological and ecological features of climbing roses of genus Rosa L. in the conditions of the Right Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine] (Extended Abstract of Cand. Biol. Sci. Diss.). M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]
Genkel, P. A. (1982). Fiziologiya zharo- i zasukhoustoychivosti rasteniy [Physiology of heat and drought resistance of plants]. Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian]
Gordienko, D. S., Rubtsova, O. L., Buidina, T. O., Chizhankova, V. I., Rozhok, O. F., & Sokolova, O. A. (2021). Drought resistance of English roses varieties in the conditions of the Right-bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Plant Var. Stud. Prot., 17(1), 60–65. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.17.1.2021.228212 [in Ukrainian]
Plugatar, S. A. (2018). Biologicheskie osobennosti chayno-gibridnykh roz kollektsii Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada [Biological features of hybrid tea roses from the collection of Nikitsky Botanical Garden] (Extended Abstract of Cand. Biol. Sci. Diss.). Nikitsky Botanical Garden, Yalta, Ukraine. [in Russian]
Brailko, V. A., Gubanova, T. B., Klimenko, Z. K., & Plugatar, S. A. (2019). Morphological and anatomical features in the leaves of some hybrid tea roses and their drought tolerance on the Southern Coast of the Crimea. Byulleten Glavnogo botanicheskogo sada [Bulletin of the Main Botanical Garden], 130, 129–136. doi: 10.25684/NBG.boolt.130.2019.18 [in Russian]
In, B.-C., Motomura, S., Inamoto, K., Doi, M., & Mori, G. (2007). Multivariate analysis of relations between preharvest environmental factors, postharvest morphological and physiological factors, and vase life of cut ‘Asami Red’ roses. J. Japan. Hort. Sci., 76(1), 66–72. doi: 10.2503/jjshs.76.66
Marrison, N., & Benninga, J. A. (2001). A nursery comparison on the vase life of the rose ‘First Red’: effects on growth circumstances. Acta Hortic., 543, 285–297. doi: 10.1766/ActaHortic.2001.543.34
Torre, S., Tove, F., Gislered, H., & Moe, R. (2003). Leaf Anatomy and Stomatal Morphology of Greenhouse Roses Grown at Moderate or High Air Humidity. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 128(4), 14–25. doi: 10.21273/JASHS.128.4.0598
Hetherington, A., & Woodward, I. (2003). The role of stomata in sensing and driving environmental change. Nature, 424, 901–908. doi: 10.1038/nature01843
Waleed, F. (2019). Drought adaptive mechanisms of plants – a review. Adv. Agr. Environ. Sci., 2(1), 62–65. doi: 10.30881/aaeoa.00021
Savchuk, L. P. (1972). Agrometeorologicheskaya kharakteristika rozy efiromaslichnoy v svyazi s ee razmeshcheniem [Agrometeorological characteristics of the essential oil rose in connection with its placement] (Extended Abstract of Cand. Agricul. Sci. Diss.). VIR, Leningrad, Russia. [in Russian]
Brailko, V. A., Plugatar, S. A., Pilipchuk, T. I., Plugatar, Yu. V., & Mitrofanova, I. V. (2018). Morphological and physiological features of the miniature rose cultivar ‘Rise’n’Shine under long time culture in vitro and in vivo. Acta Hortic., 1224, 139–144. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1224.19
Pyatnitskiy, S. S. (1961). Praktikum po lesnoy selektsii [Workshop on forest breeding]. Moscow: Sel’khozyaystvennaya literatura, zhurnaly i plakaty. [in Russian]
Kytaiev, O. I., Andrusyk, Yu. Yu., Klochan, P. S., Kovalevskyi, I. V., Kolesnyk, Yu. S., Lushpihan, O. P., Romanov, V. O., Skriaga, V. A., Bednenko, T. V., & Fedak, V. S. (2009). Patent na sposib vyznachennya vodnogo deficytu lystya roslyn (opys) [Patent for a method for determining the water deficit of plant leaves (description)]. Biuleten, 2, 1–10 [in Ukrainian]
Kytaiev, O. I., & Pelekhatyi, V. M. (1998). Evaluation of varietal-rootstock combinations of apple trees by analysis of the functional state of their leaf apparatus. Sadìvnictvo [Horticulture], 46, 174–176. [in Ukrainian]
Orlenko, N. S., Mazhuha, K. M., Dushar, M. B., & Maslechkin, V. V. (2019). Comparative analysis of clustering methods suitable for plant varieties morphological characteristics data processing. Vìsnik PDAA [Bulletin of Poltava State Agrarian Academy], 2, 261–269. https://doi.org/10.31210/visnyk2019.02.35
Accepted by editor
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 С. В. Васьківська
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.