Influence of the substrate composition on the yield and nutritional value of the fruiting bodies of the edible mushrooms Pleurotus citrinopileatus and Cyclocybe aegerita
Keywords:cultivation of mushrooms, golden oyster mushroom, poplar mushroom, biological effectiveness, chemical composition
Purpose. To reveal the influence of the substrate compositions on technical indicators and the chemical composition of the fruiting bodies of the golden oyster mushroom and poplar mushroom.
Methods. The experimental design included cultivation of two species of wood-decay fungi Pleurotus citrinopileatus Singer (strain 2161 IVK) and Cyclocybe aegerita (V.Brig.) Vizzini (strain 2230 IVK) on three variants of substrate composition. Laboratory, laboratory-production methods for evaluating the effectiveness of growing technology, chemical composition of the obtained raw materials, statistical methods of analysis were applied.
Results. The structure and composition of substrates affect the technological characteristics of the culture, physical and chemical properties of fruiting bodies. The shortest fruiting cycle of 35.2 ± 1.7 days was determined for C. aegerita under growing conditions on SC1 substrate which formula included «straw, husks, pellet, rapeseed, corn, and CaCO3» in the ratio of 30: 40: 70: 20: 20: 1. The highest yield (170.5 ± 15.2 g per 1 kg of substrate) in the experiment was determined for P. citrinopileatus on the SC1 substrate composed of «straw / pellets / rapeseed / corn / CaCO3» in the ratio 40: 90: 20: 25: 1. Fruiting bodies of P. citrinopileatus obtained from the SC3 substrate composed of «pellets / rapeseed / corn / CaCO3» in the ratio 60: 110: 20: 30: 1 had the highest protein content – 22.47 ± 0.19%, and fruiting bodies from the SC1 substrate had the least amount of proteins – 17.38 ± 2.60%. Fruiting bodies of C. aegerita contained more lipids than those of P. citrinopileatus, but the factor of the influence of the substrate composition on the total amount of lipids for some cultivars was insignificant. The largest amount of endopolysaccharides was isolated from the fruiting bodies of C. aegerita (6.81 ± 0.41%) cultivated on SC3 substrate, and the smallest in the SC1 variant (1.38 ± 0.25%). The content of endopolysaccharides in the fruiting bodies of P. citrinopileatus had less variability from 2.54 ± 0.54 (SC3) to 4.72 ± 0.61% (SC1).
Conclusion. Substrate compositions significantly affect the biological efficiency of cultivars and the content of nutrients in fruiting bodies of the studied species. The obtained results enable producers of mushrooms to predict the production efficiency and quality of grown mushrooms in accordance with the use of available raw materials.
Abah, C. R., Ishiwu, C. N., Obiegbuna, J. E., & Oladejo, A. A. (2020). Nutritional composition, functional properties and food applications of millet grains. Asian Food Sci. J., 14(2), 9–19. doi: 10.9734/AFSJ/2020/v14i230124
Saleh, A. S., Zhang, Q., Chen, J., & Shen, Q. (2013). Millet grains: nutritional quality, processing, and potential health benefits. Compr. Rev. Food Sci. Food Saf., 12(3), 281–295. doi: 10.1111/1541-4337.12012
Karaś, M., Jakubczyk, A., Szymanowska, U., Jęderka, K., Lewicki, S., & Złotek, U. (2019). Different temperature treatments of millet grains affect the biological activity of protein hydrolyzates and peptide fractions. Nutrients, 11(3), 550. doi: 10.3390/nu11030550
Chandrasekara, A., Naczk, M., & Shahidi, F. (2012). Effect of processing on the antioxidant activity of millet grains. Food Chem., 133(1), 1–9. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.09.043
Budhwar, S., Sethi, K., & Chakraborty, M. (2020). Efficacy of germination and probiotic fermentation on underutilized cereal and millet grains. Food Prod. Process. Nutr., 2, 12. doi: 10.1186/s43014-020-00026-w
Hamaiunova, V. V., Shevel, V. I., & Klimbovskyi, S. O. (2016). Millet crop in the South of Ukraine. In Rodiuchyi grunt – zaporuka dobrobutu: materialy rehionalnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii, prysviachenoi Vsesvitnomu dniu gruntu [Fertile soil – the key to prosperity: materials of the regional scientific-practical conference dedicated to the World Soil Day] (pp. 46–47). Sumy, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]
Rudnyk-Ivashchenko, O. I., & Hryhorashchenko, L. V. (2010). Features of photosynthesis of millet plants. Vìsn. agrar. nauki [Bull. Agric. Sci.], 7, 35–38.
Bielienikhina, A. V., & Kostromitin, V. M. (2014). Varietal study of grain millet for sowing on agroecological stability and plasticity. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 106, 141–147. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2014.42143 [in Ukrainian]
Bielienikhina, A. V., Kostromitin, V. M., & Hlubokyi, O. M. (2013). Adaptability and ecological plasticity of millet varieties depending on the conditions of the year. Vìsnik Centru naukovogo zabezpečennâ APV Harkìvsʹkoï oblastì [Bulletin of the Center for Science Provision of Agribusiness in the Kharkiv region], 15, 10. [in Ukrainian]
Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy [State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian]
Prysiazhniuk, O. I., & Korol, L. V. (2016). Evaluation of pea varieties based on correlation of quantitative traits and indices. Plant Var. Stud. Prot., 4, 51–55. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88674. [in Ukrainian]
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/faostat/ru/#data/QC
Ermantraut, E. R., Prysiazhniuk, O. I., & Shevchenko, I. L. (2007). Statystychnyi analiz ahronomichnykh doslidnykh danykh v paketi Statistica 6.0 [Statistical analysis of agronomic study data in the Statistica 6.0 software suite]. Kyiv: PolihrafKonsaltynh. [in Ukrainian]
Eberhart, S. А., & Russell, W. A. (1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci., 6(1), 36–40. doi: 10.2135/cropsci1966.0011183X000600010011x
Prysiazhniuk, O. I., Storozhyk, L. I., & Zavhorodnia, S. V. (2019). Ecological plasticity of grain sorghum. Novìtnì agrotehnologìï [Advanced Agritechnologies], 7. doi: 10.47414/na.7.2019.204818. [in Ukrainian]
Averchev, O. V., & Nikitenko, M. P. (2020). Growing millet in the South of Ukraine. Tavrìjsʹkij naukovij vìsnik [Tavria Scientific Bulletin], 116, 26–27. [in Ukrainian]
Shevel, V. I., Konovalov, S. S., Bychkova, Yu. V., & Ohar, R. O. (2018). Millet crop in the South of Ukraine. In Innovatsiini rozrobky molodi – suchasnomu zemlerobstvu: zbirnyk materialiv mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh [Innovative developments of youth – modern agriculture: book of proceedings of the international scientific and applied conference of young scientists] (pp. 90–92). May 15, 2018, Kherson, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]
Accepted by editor
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 І. І. Бандура
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.