Ecological plasticity and stability of promising lines of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in terms of yield




spring wheat, productivity, plasticity, stability, homeostatic, breeding value


Purpose. To analyze lines of competitive testing of soft spring wheat in terms of ecological plasticity and stability using statistical methods of analysis and identify lines with high stability of grain yield.

Methods. The studies were carried out during 2018–2020, on the basis of the V. M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat NAAS of Ukraine. When considering the results obtained, generally accepted methods of genetic and statistical analysis were used.

Results. Evaluation of breeding material in different years makes it possible to obtain information about the characteristics of the reaction of genotypes to changes in environmental conditions. As a result of the studies, it was found that the lines Lutescens 14-32 (bi = 0.59), Erythrospermum 15-32 (bi = 0.44), Lutescens 14-47 (bi = 0.22) were of high plasticity. Calculations of ecological stability indicate that lines are considered stable, the variance of stability is zero or close to zero. From a practical point of view, lines with a combined manifestation of high ecological plasticity and stability are considered valuable. This was the line Erythro­spermum 15-32 (bi = 0.44; S2di = 0.01) that indicates its low reaction rate and the ability to provide a consistently high level of yield under any growing conditions. The most valuable are the genotypes that combine a low level of the coefficient of variation, high homeostaticity and bree­ding value, which include the lines Erythrospermum 15-32 (Hom = 206.42, Sc = 4.11), Lutescens 14-47 (Hom = 98.41, Sc = 3.91), Erythrospermum 17-08 (Hom = 78.57, Sc = 3.76), Erythrospermum 14-65 (Hom = 54.84, Sc = 3.75), Lutescens 14-32 (Hom = 54.60, Sc = 4.17), Lutescens 14-13 (Hom = 35.60, Sc = 3.78), Lutescens 14-48 (Hom = 46.66, Sc = 3.58).

Conclusions. The evaluation of breeding material is of great importance when creating new high-performance varieties with adaptive potential. The method for assessing ecological plasticity and variants of its stability made it possible to differentiate wheat lines of soft spring competitive testing by their response to changes in gro­wing conditions. For a more optimal selection of breeding material in terms of ecological plasticity and stability, breeding programs should take into account ranked estimates of genotypes.


Download data is not yet available.


Marukhniak, A. Ya., Datsko, A. O., Lisova, Yu. A., & Marukh­niak, H. I. (2017). Plasticity and stability of productivity quantitative traits in oat naked samples. Foothill and Mountain Agriculture and Stockbreeding, 61, 80–90. [In Ukrainian]

Muzafarova, V. A., Padalka, Ye. I., Riabchun, V. K., & Pietukhova, I. A. (2015). Adaptibility of accessions from a spring bread wheat collection to the conditions of the Eastern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Plant Genetic Resources, 16, 42–50. [In Ukrainian]

Yu, Q., Li, L., Luo, Q., Eamus, D., Xu, S., Chen, C., … Nielsenf, D. C. (2014). Year patterns of climate impact on wheat yields. International Journal of Climatology, 34(2), 518–528. doi: 10.1002/joc.3704

Lisova, Yu. A., Tsaryk, Z. O., & Datsko, A. O. (2014). Characterization of hulless oat samples by yield capacity and adaptabi­lity. Plant Breeding and Seed Production, 105, 141–148. [In Ukrainian]

Herman, J., & Sultan, S. (2011). Adaptive transgenerational plasticity in plants: Case studies, mechanisms, and implications for natural populations. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2, Ar­ticle 102. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2011.00102

Diordieva, I. P. (2018). Ecological plasticity and stability of new cultivars of soft winter wheat in terms of yield. Collected Scientific Articles of PBGI – NCSCI, 4, 142–151. [In Ukrainian]

Sehgal, D., Rosyara, U., Mondal, S., Singh, R., Poland, J., & Dreisigacker, S. (2020). Incorporating genome-wide association mapping results into genomic prediction models for grain yield and yield stability in CIMMYT spring bread wheat. Frontiers in Plant Science, 11, Article 197. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.00197

Suneja, Y., Gupta, A. K., & Bains, N. S. (2019). Stress adaptive plasticity: Aegilops tauschii and Triticum dicoccoides as potential donors of drought associated morpho-physiological traits in wheat. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10, Article 211. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00211

Leonov, O. Yu. (2013). Grouping of common wheat samples on plasticity and stability expression of quantitative traits. Plant Genetic Resources, 13, 28–39. [In Ukrainian]

Kochmarskyi, V. S., Zamlila, N. P., Volohdina, H. B., Humeniuk, O. V., & Voloshchuk, S. I. (2016). Adaptability level of perspective lines of bread winter wheat in the conditions of Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Myronivka Bulletin, 2, 98–116. [In Ukrainian]

Chevin, L.-M., & Hoffman, A. A. (2017). Evolution of phenotypic plasticity in extreme environments. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 372(1723), Article 20160138. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0138

Sanad, M. N. M. E., Campbell, K. G., & Gill, K. S. (2016). Deve­lopmental program impacts phenological plasticity of spring wheat under drought. Botanical Studies, 57(1), Article 35. doi: 10.1186/s40529-016-0149-3

Khomenko, S. O., Kochmarskyi, V. S., Fedorenko, I. V., & Fedorenko, M. V. (2018). Stability and plasticity of collection samples of bread spring wheat by productivity indices. Bulletin of Uman National University of Horticulture, 1, 43–47. doi: 10.31395/2310-0478-2018-1-43-47 [In Ukrainian]

Khomenko, S. O., Kochmarskyi, V. S., Fedorenko, I. V., & Fedorenko, M. V. (2020). Breeding value of spring durum wheat accessions for performance traits under environment of Ukrainian Forest-Steppe. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 16(3), 303–309. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.16.3.2020.214924 [In Ukrainian]

Demydov, O., Khomenko, S., Fedorenko, M., Kuzmenko, Ye., & Pykalo, S. (2021). Stability and Plasticity of Collection Samples of Durum Spring Wheat in the Forest-Steppe Conditions of Ukraine. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 9(2), 83–88. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20210902.16

Hudzenko, V. M., Polishchuk, T. P., Babii, O. O., & Khudolii, L. V. (2018). Productivity and adaptability of Myronivka spring barley varieties of different breeding periods. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 14(2), 190–202. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.14.2.2018.134766 [In Ukrainian]

Solonechnyi, P. M. (2014). Adaptability and stability of spring barley cultivars in terms of performance. Bulletin of Poltava State Agrarian Academy, 4, 48–53. doi: 10.31210/visnyk2014.04.08 [In Ukrainian]

Vasko, N. I., Solonechny, P. M., Kozachenko, M. R., Vazhenina, O. E., & Solonechna, O. V. (2019). Environmental Stabi­lity and Plasticity of Spring Barley Cultivars. Plant Bree­ding and Seed Production, 116, 17–30. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2019.190449

Georgieva, R. G., & Kirchev, H. K. (2020). Ecological Plasticity and Stability of Some Agronomical Performances in Triticale Varieties ( Triticosecale Wittm). Ecologia Balkanica, 12(1), 93–98.

Shchypak, T. V., Sviatchenko, S. I., & Nepochatov, M. I. (2014). Evaluation of winter triticale variety samples by ecological plasticity and stability of basic productivity trait. Bulletin of the Center for Science Provision of Agribusiness in the Kharkiv region, 16, 247–256. [In Ukrainian]

Buniak, O. I. (2016). Ecological stability and plasticity of naked oat varieties under conditions of Northern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Myronivka Bulletin, 2, 25–39. [In Ukrainian]

Yurchuk, S. S., & Vyshnevskyi, S. P. (2021). Evaluation of collective samples of winter rapes for ecological plasticity and stability. Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Oilseed Crops NAAS, 31, 46–57. [In Ukrainian]

Prysiazhniuk, L. M., Novchina, O. V., Shytikova, Yu. V., Mi­zerna, N. A., & Hryniv, S. M. (2021). Ecological plasticity and stability of common millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) productivity in different environmental conditions of Ukraine. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 17(2), 146–154. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.17.2.2021.236522 [In Ukrainian]

Taran, V. H., Kalenska, S. M., Novytska, N. V., & Danyliv, P. O. (2018). Stability and plasticity of corn hybrids depending on the fertilizer system and plant density in the Right-Bank Fo­rest-Steppe of Ukraine. Biological Resources and Nature Ma­nagement, 10(3–4), 147–156. doi: 10.31548/bio2018.03.019 [In Ukrainian]

Mazur, V. A., Branitskyi, Yu. Yu., & Mazur, O. V. (2020). Selection value and adaptability of bean varieties of common beans in the conditions of Uladovo-Lyulynetsk experimental and selection station of IBKIBU. Agriculture and Forestry, 12(19), 5–14. doi: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4-1 [In Ukrainian]

Dorota, H. M., & Voloshchuk, O. P. (2021). Ecological plasti­city and stability of long flax cultivars in the conditions of the Western Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Sciences of Europe, 64(3), 3–10. doi: 10.24412/3162-2364-2021-64-3-3-10 [In Ukrainian]

Padalka, O. I., Muzafarova, V. A., Riabchun, V. K., Petukhova, I. A., & Bohuslavskyi, R. L. (2016). Spring durum wheat trait collection by a set of valuable economic features – a source of starting material for breeding. Plant Genetic Resources, 19, 48–57.

Anuarbek, S., Abugalieva, S., Pecchioni, N, Laidò, G., Maccaferri, M., Tuberosa, R., & Turuspekov, Y. (2020). Quantitative trait loci for agronomic traits in tetraploid wheat for enhancing grain yield in Kazakhstan environments. PLoS ONE, 15(6), Article e0234863. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0234863

Bleidere, M., Grunte, I., & Legzdina, L. (2020). Performance and stability of agronomic and grain quality traits of Latvian spring barley varieties. Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, 74(4), 270–279. doi: 10.2478/prolas-2020-0042

Ghaedrahmati, M., Hossein Pour, T., & Ahmadi, A. (2017). Study of grain yield stability of durum wheat genotypes using AMMI. Journal of Crop Breeding, 9(23), 67–75. doi: 10.29252/jcb.9.23.67

Mareniuk, O. B. (2014). Plasticity and stability of quantitative traits of collection spring barley variety samples under conditions of increased soil acidity. Plant Breeding and Seed Production, 106, 77–82. [In Ukrainian]

Tkachyk, S. O. (Ed.). (2016). Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn hrupy zernovykh, krupianykh ta zernobobovykh na prydatnist do poshyrennia v Ukraini [Methodology for the examination of plant varieties of the group of cereals, cereals and legumes for suitability for distribution in Ukraine] (3rd ed., rev. and enl.). Vinnytsia: FOP Korzun D. Yu. [In Ukrainian]

Ermantraut, E. R., Hoptsii, T. I., Kalenska, S. M., Kryvoruchenko, R. V., Turchynova, N. P., & Prysiazhniuk, O. I. (2014). Metodyka selektsiinoho eksperymentu (u roslynnytstvi) [Methods of selection experiment (in crop production)]. Kharkiv: N.p. [In Ukrainian]

Eberhart, S. A., & Russell, W. A. (1966). Stability Parameters for Comparing Varieties. Crop Science, 6(1), 36–40. doi: 10.2135/cropsci1966.0011183X000600010011x

Khangildin, V. V., & Litvinenko, N. A. (1981). Stability and adaptability of winter wheat varieties. Scientific and technical bulletin APBGI, 1, 8–14, [In Russian]

Selyaninov, G. T. (1937). World Agroclimatic Reference Book. In I. A. Goltsberg, & S. A. Sapozhnikova (Eds.), Metodika selskokhoziaystvennoy kharakteristiki klimata [Methods of agricultural characteristics of climate] (pp. 5–29). Leningrad, Moscow: Gidromedizdat. [In Russian]

Beliavskaya, L. G., & Diyanova, A. A. (2017). The results of study of ecological stability and plasticity of Ukrainian soybean varieties. Annals of Agrarian Science, 15, 247–251. doi: 10.1016/j.aasci.2017.05.003

Diordiieva, I. P. (2018). Ecological plasticity and stability of new varieties of soft wheat in terms of yield. Proceedings of the NSC “Institute of Agriculture of NAAS”, 4, 36–42. [In Ukrainian]

Burdeniuk-Trasevych, L. A., Dubova, O. A., & Khakhula, V. S. (2012). Evaluation of the adaptive ability of soft winter wheat varieties in the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Plant Breeding and Seed Production, 101, 3–11. [In Ukrainian]

Khomenko, S. O., Fedorenko, I. V., & Fedorenko, M. V. (2016). Homeostaticity and breeding value of collection samples of soft spring wheat for the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Myronivka Bulletin, 3, 85–93. [In Ukrainian]

Pushchak, V. I., Ilchuk, R. V., & Marukhniak, H. I. (2021). Cluster analysis of samples of spring grain crops (oats, spring barley) on the basis of “grain yield”. Foothill and Mountain Agriculture and Animal Stockbreeding, 69(1), 89–103. [In Ukrainian]

Yarosh, A. V., & Riabchun, V. K. (2021). Adaptability of winter soft wheat in terms of homeostaticity and breeding value. Plant Genetic Resource, 28, 36–47. doi: 10.36814/pgr.2021.28.03 [In Ukrainian]



How to Cite

Kuzmenko, Y. A., Fedorenko, M. V., Pirych, A. V., & Blyzniuk, R. M. (2023). Ecological plasticity and stability of promising lines of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in terms of yield. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 18(4), 242–250.