Characteristics of the formation of productivity of high oleic varieties of the common sunflower Helianthus annuus L
Keywords:qualification test, productivity, seed, oleic acid content, oil content, protein content, resistance to diseases
Purpose. To evaluate new varieties of high oleic common sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) according to the main economic and quality indicators: yield, disease resistance, oleic acid, oil and protein content.
Methods. The qualification examination of common sunflower varieties for suitability for distribution in Ukraine (SVD) was carried out at the research stations of the Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination within the soilclimatic zones of the Steppe and ForestSteppe in 2021–2022. The research was conducted in accordance with the “Methodology of qualification examination of plant varieties for suitability for distribution in Ukraine (general part)” and “Methodology of examination of plant varieties of technical and forage group for suitability for distribution in Ukraine”.
Results. New common sunflower varieties ‘LG50475’, ‘ОКLLАОМА’, ‘P64HЕ418’, ‘RGТ CHARLLОТТE CL’, ‘SY DIEGO CLP’, ‘F4987VО’, ‘N4H422 KL’, ‘LG50779 SХ’, ‘SUBЕО’ and ‘SY FЕNОМЕNО’, which are included in the State Register of Plant Varieties Suitable for Distribution in Ukraine, were analyzed for varietal potential in terms of economically valuable traits such as productivity, oleic acid and oil content. In 2021–2022, the ForestSteppe zone prevailed over the others in terms of yield indicators. The highest values among the investigated varieties were shown by ‘LG50475’ (2.61–3.99 t/ha), ‘OKLLAOMA’ (2.73–3.89 t/ha) and ‘LG50779 SH’ (2.50–3.57 t/ha). The highest content of oleic acid (quality indicator) was recorded for ‘P64HE418’ – 86.4% in the Steppe zone and 87.3% in the ForestSteppe zone; ‘LG50475’ and ‘SY DIEGO CLP’ – 87.3% each in the ForestSteppe zone.
Conclusions. According to the results of the varietal suitability test, all the varieties studied are recommended for cultivation in the Steppe and ForestSteppe zones. The maximum oil content was obtained in the seeds of the variety ‘OKLLAOMA’ (50.9% in Steppe and 52.0% in ForestSteppe). The highest protein content was found in the seeds of ‘RGТ CHARLLOTTE CL’ (18.0% in the Steppe zone) and ‘P64HE418’ (15.8% in the ForestSteppe zone). The maximum oil yield per hectare (1.78 t/ha for each of the varieties ‘OKLLAOMA’, ‘SY FENOMENO’ and ‘SUBEO’) was obtained in the ForestSteppe zone, due to the better yield and oil content in this soilclimatic zone.
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