Characteristics of introduced varieties of pea (Pisum sativum L.) in the zone of the Southern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.18.1.2022.257584

Keywords:

pea, samples, valuable economic characters, productivity

Abstract

Aim. To assess new introduced varieties of pea (Pisum sativum L.) of different ecological and geographical origin in conditions of the Southern part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine according to a set of productivity and adaptability indicators.

Methods. During 2018–2020 in the conditions of Ustymivka Experimental Station of Plant Production of the Plant Production Institute named after V. Ya. Yuriev NAAS of Ukraine (Poltava region, 49°18′21″N, 33°13′56″E) 30 new pea samples originating from Belarus, Azerbaijan, Canada, Poland and the Netherlands were studied. In the ripening phase of pods and seeds (BBCH 86–90) in field and laboratory conditions yields, productivity, 1000 beans weight, early-ripening, plant height and height of attachment of the lower pods above the soil level, number of nodes to the first pod and their total number per plant, number of pods and seeds per plant, number of seeds per pod, pod parameters were studied.

Results. As a result of studying new samples of pea, the range of variation of their yield from 200.5 to 300.0 g/m2 was established, while the varieties ‘Aleks’, ‘Atlant’, ‘Minskiy ovoschnoy’ (Belarus), ‘Fidan’ (Azerbaijan), ‘Dacota’ (Canada), ‘Angela’ (Netherlands) were more productive, in which the mass of grain from the plant exceeded 10.0 g. The productivity of the plant was high due to both the increased number of seeds and the weight of 1000 grains. Almost all the studied samples were mediumripe (71–80 days) and are optimal for the Southern Forest-Steppe zone of Ukraine. The most early maturing (64–69 days) were the Belarusian varieties ‘Yan’, ‘Gontso’, ‘Goryinets’, ‘Alfa’, ‘Pryivabnyi’, ‘Malyish’ and the Dutch ‘Angela’ variety. The lowest varieties were Belarusian varieties – ‘Goryinets’, ‘Vlad’, ‘Alfa’, ‘Atlant’ and others (31.0–60.0 cm), which can be used as sources on this basis. Special attention should be paid to varieties that combine several valuable features: ‘Aleks’, ‘Atlant’, ‘Minskiy ovoschnoy’, ‘Korelicheskiy ovoschnoy’, ‘Slodyich’, ‘Malyish’, ‘Kosmay’, ‘Kelvidon’ (Belarus), ‘Fidan’ (Azerbaijan), ‘Jof’ (Poland), ‘CDC Limerick’ (Canada), ‘Orix’ (Spain).

Conclusions. The above varieties can be recommended as sources of valuable traits for practical use in breeding, and they are suitable for cultivation in the Southern Forest-Steppe, subject to inclusion in the State Register of plant varieties suitable for distribution in Ukraine.

Author Biography

N. V. Kuzmyshyna, Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine

National Center for Plant Genetic Resources of Ukraine

References

Sechniak, V. Yu., & Fait, V. I. (2012). The role of genetic resources and plant introduction in breeding. Bulletin of Agricultural Science, Spec. Iss., 127–128. [In Ukrainian]

Keller, E. R. J., Senula, A., Leunufna, S., & Grübe, M. (2006). Slow growth storage and cryopreservation – tools to facilitate germplasm maintenance of vegetatively propagated crops in living plant collections. International Journal of Refrigeration, 29(3), 411–417. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2005.07.012

Kyrychenko, V. V., Riabchun, V. K., & Bohuslavskyi, R. L. (2008). Importance of plant genetic resources for state programs realization. Plant Genetic Resources, 5, 7–13. [In Ukrainian]

Kobyzieva, L. N., Bezuhla, O. M., & Bohuslavskyi, R. L. (2010). Enrichment of the National Plant Gene Bank of Ukraine by specimens of the gene pool of legumes of domestic and foreign origin. Plant Genetic Resources, 8, 9–20. [In Ukrainian]

Klysha, A. I., Kulinich, O. O., & Khoroshun, I. V. (2010). Results and directions in the selection of leguminous cultures. Bulletin of the Institute of Grain Farming, 39, 27–32. [In Ukrainian]

Fernie, A. R., Tadmor, Y., & Zamir, D. (2006). Natural genetic variation for improving crop quality. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 9(2), 196–202. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2006.01.010

Voitovska, V. I., Storozhyk, L. I., Liubych, V. V., & Romanov, S. M. (2021). Amino acid content in grain of different winter pea varieties and products of its processing. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 17(4), 312–318. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.17.4.2021.249013 [In Ukrainian]

Bezruchko, O. I., & Svynarchuk, O. V. (2012). Replenishment of the market of plant varieties of Ukraine: vegetable peas (Pisum sativum L. partim). Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 1, 48–57. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.1(15).2012.60208 [In Ukrainian]

Sachyvka, T. V., & Bosak, V. N. (2020). Evaluation of varieties of vegetable peas on the main economically valuable sings. News of Federal Scientific Vegetable Center, 3–4, 85–91. doi: 10.18619/2658-4832-2020-3-4-85-91 [In Russian]

Kobyzieva, L. N., & Honcharova, O. O. (2013). Collection of the pea varieties – source for the creation of green conveyor. Bulletin of the Center for Science Provision of Agribusiness in the Kharkiv Region, 14, 60–67. [In Ukrainian]

Rasskazova, L., & Kirse-Ozolina, A. (2020). Field pea Pisum sativum L. as a perspective ingredient for vegan foods: a review. Research for Rural Development, 35, 125–131. doi: 10.22616/rrd.26.2020.019

Mardilovich, M. I. (2014). Evaluaton of green pea collection. Agriculture and Breeding in Belarus, 50, 361–375. [In Russian]

Didur, I. M., & Mostovenko, V. V. (2019). The influence of technological methods of cultivation on the formation of structural elements of the crop of vegetable peas in the conditions of the right-bank Forest-Steppe. Agriculture and Forestry, 15, 21–29. doi: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4-2 [In Ukrainian]

Bosak, V. N., & Sachivko, T. V. (2019). Productivity and features of nitrogen fixation in leguminous vegetable crops. Agriculture and Plant Protection, 1, 21–23. [In Russian]

Makasheva, R., Belekhova, K., Korneychuk, V., Lemann, H., & Pavelkova, A. (1981). Shirokiy unifitsirovannyy klassifikator SEV i mezhdunarodnyy klassifikator SEV roda Pisum L. [Wide unified classifier of the CMEA and the international classifier of the CMEA of the genus Pisum L.]. Leningrad: VIR. [In Russian]

Tkachyk, S. O. (Ed.). (2016). Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn hrupy zernobobovykh ta krupianykh na vidminnist, odnoridnist i stabilnist [Methods of examination of plant varieties of leguminous plants and cereals for difference, uniformity and stability]. (2rd ed., rev). Vinnytsia: FOP Korzun D. Yu. [In Ukrainian]

Kyrychenko, V. V., Kobyzieva, L. N., Petrenkova, V. P., Riabchun, V. K., Bezuhla, O. M., Markova, T. Yu., … Riabukha, S. S. (2009). Identyfikatsiia oznak zernobobovykh kultur (horokh, soia) [Identification of characters of leguminous crops (peas, soybean)]. V. V. Kyrychenko (Ed.). Kharkiv: Vydavnytstvo “Kharkiv”. [In Ukrainian]

Leshchenko, A. K., & Mykhailov, V. K. (1978). Soybean. In Selektsiya tekhnicheskikh i kormovykh kul’tur [Breeding of industrial and fodder crops]. Kyiv: Urozhai. [In Ukrainian]

Vitko, G. I. (2017). Research into initial material of vegetable peas according to a complex of economically valuable traits. Bulletin of the Belarussian State Agricultural Academy, 3, 57–62. [In Russian]

Turin, E. N., & Sichkar, V. I. (2007). High-yielding, plastic. Soybean varieties of the Breeding and Genetics Institute. Seed Production, 3, 19–22. [In Russian]

Vozhehova, R. A., Borovyk, V. O., Klubuk, V. V., & Marchenko, T. Yu. (2018). Influence of some quantitative structural characteristics of introduced soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) accessions on seed productivity in irrigated conditions in the South of Ukraine. Plant Genetic Resources, 22, 11–18. doi: 10.36814/pgr.2018.22.01 [In Ukrainian]

Vozhehova, R. A., Borovyk, V. O., Klubuk, V. V., & Rubtsov, D. K. (2018). Selection value of sources of valuable attributes of introduced soybean samples (Glycine max L.) for new varieties creation under irrigated conditions of the South of Ukraine. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 14(2), 176–182. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.14.2.2018.134765 [In Ukrainian]

Semenova, E. V., & Sobolev, D. V. (2009). Productivity of pea (Pisum sativum L.) accessions from the VIR collection in the Leningrad Region. Proceedings on Applied Botany, Genetics and Breeding, 166, 242–249. [In Russian]

Allard, R. W., & Hansche, P. E. (1964). Some parameters of population variability and their implications in plant bree ding. Advances in Agronomy, 16, 281–325. doi: 10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60027-9

Kholod, S. M. (2019). Characteristics of different varieties of the pea (Pisum sativum L.) in the zone of the Southern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 15(2), 109–117. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.15.2.2019.173552 [In Ukrainian]

Published

2022-05-30

How to Cite

Kholod, S. M., Kuzmyshyna, N. V., Kirian, V. M., & Tryhub, O. V. (2022). Characteristics of introduced varieties of pea (Pisum sativum L.) in the zone of the Southern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 18(1), 24–33. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.18.1.2022.257584

Issue

Section

VARIETY STUDYING AND VARIETY SCIENCE

Most read articles by the same author(s)