Estimation of parameters of genetic variation of spring durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) on the basis of “number of grains from the main spike”

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.18.1.2022.257585

Keywords:

spring wheat, diallel crossings, general combining ability, specific combining ability, combining ability, heritability

Abstract

Aim. To assess the combining ability, features and nature of the inheritance of the trait “number of grains from the main spike” in varieties of spring durum wheat for their further involvement in breeding programs.

Methods. The investigations were carried out at the V. M. Remeslo Institute of Wheat of NAAS of Ukraine. Varieties (‘Zhizel’, ‘MIP Raiduzhna’, ‘Kharkivska 27’, ‘Kharkivska 39’, ‘Spadshchyna’, ‘Kuchumovka’, ‘Tera’) of domestic breeding were involved in crossings according to the full diallel scheme (7 ´ 7). Parental components and F1 were studied in the field in 2016, 2017.

Results. The analysis of variance of combining ability showed a significant advantage in general combining abili­ty (GCA) effects. The mean square of the specific combi­ning ability (SCA) was significantly inferior to the GCA, but was significant in both years of the study. Consistently high GCA effects in 2016, 2017 were determined in the variety ‘Tera’ (gi = 1.35; 2.37). Non-alelic gene interaction was not found, which made it possible to analyze the main parame­ters of genetic variation. In two years of investigations, in the phenotypic manifestation of the number of grains from the main spike, dominant effects (H1 and H2) survived over additive ones (D). The average degree of dominance indicated overdominance (H1/D). The indicator of the ave­rage degree of dominance in loci () also indicated overdominance. Dominance was significantly oriented. Dominant effects of genes increased the number of grains, while recessive effects decreased them. At least one group of genes has been identified that has led to dominance. In general, dominant genes (F > 0) or groups of genes dominated quantitatively in cultivar investigated. A high coefficient of heritability in a broad sense (H2 = 0.88; 0.90) indicates a significant phenotypic conditionality to genetic factors. The coefficient of heritability in a narrow sense (h2 = 0.31; 0.38) indicates the average contribution of the additive effects of genes over the dominant ones.

Conclusions. The identified breeding and genetic features on the basis of the “number of grains from the main spike” trait make it possible to predict the effectiveness of selections aimed at increasing the trait in the newly hybrid material. However, due to the predominance of dominant effects and overdominance in the genetic control of a trait, selection in later generations will be more effective. Varieties ‘Kharkivska 27’, ‘Kharkivska 39’ and ‘Tera’ should be used as genetic sources to increase the trait “number of grains from the main spike”.

References

Karimizadeh, R., Mohammadi, M., Sheikh, M. M., Bavi, V., Hosseinpour, T., Khanzadeh, H., Ghojogh, H., & Armioun, M. (2011). Application of multivariate methods in determining grain yield stability in durum wheat genotypes in semi warm dry land are­as of Iraq. Modern Genetics Journal, 6(2), 33–48.

Al-Doss, A. A., Elshafei, A. A., Moustafa, K. A., Saleh, M., & Barakat, M. N. (2011). Comparative analysis of diversity based on morpho-agronomic traits and molecular markers in durum wheat under heat stress. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(19), 3671–3681.

Dexter, J. E., Matsuo, R. R., & Kruger, J. E. (1990). The spaghetti making quality of commercial durum wheat samples with variable -amylase activity. Cereal Chemistry, 67(5), 405–412.

Korkut, K. Z., Bilgin, O., Baser, I., & Saglam, N. (2007). Stability of grain vitreousness in durum wheat (T. durum Desf.) genotypes in North-Western region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Agri­culture and Forestry, 31, 313–318.

Alimova, L. D. (2000). Dynamics of biomass accumulation by spring wheat crops at sowing and different terms. Scientific Bulletin of the National Agrarian University, 3–4, 54–58. [In Ukrainian]

Koliuchyi, V. T., Vlasenko, V. A., & Borsuk, H. Yu. (2007). Selec­tsiia, nasinnytstvo i tekhnolohii vyroscchuvannia zernovykh kultur [Breeding, seed production and technologies of grain cultivation]. Kyiv: Ahrarna nauka. [In Ukrainian]

Franchenko, L. A. (2013). Growing durum wheat in Ukraine – a step to improve its competitiveness on the world market. Effective Economy, 7. Retrieved from http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=2172

Holyk, V. S., & Holyk, V. V. (2008). Selektsiia Triticum durum Desf. [Breeding of Triticum durum Desf.]. Kharkiv: Magda LTD. [In Ukrainian]

Manko, K. M., Tsekhmeistruk, M. G., Muzafarov, N. M., Holyk, O. V., & Muzafarov, I. M. (2012). Yields of modern soft and durum wheat depending on the main elements of cultivation techno­logy. Bulletin Institute of Agriculture of Steppe zone NAAS of Ukraine, 3, 87–90. [In Ukrainian]

Kabatsiura, A. A., Zadorozhna, O. A., & Yushkina, L. L. (2009). Hybridization of AD Tritordeum with T. durum and productivi­ty of hybrids F1–F2 under conditions of eastern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Factors in Experimental Evolution of Organisms, 6, 242–247. [In Ukrainian]

Palamarchuk, A. I. (2016). Methods and results of winter durum wheat breeding in Plant Breeding and Genetics Institute – National Center of Seed and Cultivar Investigation. Collected Scientific Articles Plant Breeding and Genetics Institute – National Cen­ter of Seed and Cultivars Investigation, 27, 54–66. [In Ukrainian]

Vlasenko, V. A. (2004). Stability indicators of durum wheat varieties in the conditions of the central Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Collected Scientific Articles Plant Breeding and Gene­tics Institute – National Center of Seed and Cultivars Investigation, 5(1), 175–183. [In Ukrainian]

Khomenko, S. O., Kochmarskyi, V. S., Fedorenko, I. V., & Fedo­renko, M. V. (2020). Breeding value of spring durum wheat accessions for performance traits under environment of Ukrai­nian Forest-Steppe. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 16(3), 75–89. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.16.3.2020.214924 [In Ukrainian]

Griffing, B. (1956). Concept of general and specific combi­ning ability in relation to diallel crossing system. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, 9(4), 463–493. doi: 10.1071/BI9560463

Mather, K., & Jinks, J. L. (1982). Biometrical Genetics. (3rd ed.). London: Chapman and Hall.

Afridi, K. (2016). Inheritance of yellow rust resistance and glutenin content in wheat (Ph.D. Dissertation). The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Afridi, K., Khan, N. U., Mohammad, F., Shah, S. J. A., Gul, S., Khalil, I. A., … Khan, S. M. (2017). Inheritance pattern of earliness and yield traits in half diallel crosses of spring wheat. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 97(5), 865–880. doi: 10.1139/cjps-2016-0309

Fehr, W. R. (1993). Principles of cultivar development. Volume 1. Theory and technique. New York, NY: MacMillan Publications Co.

Aslam, R., Munawar, M., & Salam, A. (2014). Genetic architecture of yield components accessed through line  tester analysis in wheat (T. aestivum L.). Universal Journal of Plant Science, 2(5), 93–96. doi: 10.13189/ujps.2014.020501

Abro, S. A., Baloch, A. W., Baloch, M., Baloch, G. A., Baloch, T. A., Soomro, A. A., Jogi, Q., & Ali, M. (2016). Line  tester analysis for estimating combining ability in F1 hybrids of bread wheat. Pure and Applied Biology, 5(3), 647–652. doi: 10.19045/Bspab.2016.50084

Volohdina, H. B., Demydov, O. A., Humeniuk, O. V., Zamlila, N. P., & Derhachov, O. L. (2019). Hybridization as a source of genetic variability in winter wheat breeding. Myronivka Bulletin, 9, 11–20. doi: 10.31073/mvis201909-02 [In Ukrainian]

Volkodav, V. V. (Ed.) (2000). Metodyka derzhavnoho sortovyp­robuvannia silskohospodarskykh kultur. Zahalna chastyna [Methods of State Strain Testing of Crops. General Part]. Kyiv: Alefa. [In Ukrainian]

Fedin, M. A., Silis, D. Ya., & Smiryaev, A. V. (1980). Statistiches­kiye metody geneticheskogo analiza [Statistical methods of genetic analysis]. Moscow: Kolos. [In Russian]

Hayman, B. I. (1954). The analysis of variance of diallel crosses. Biometrics, 10(2), 235–244. doi: 10.2307/3001877

Sharma, M., Sharma, A., & Muthukumar, P. (2016). Genetic combining ability, gene action and heterosis for biochemical and antioxidant content in chilli pepper. Bioscan, 11(3), 1963–1968.

Selyaninov, G. T. (1937). Methods of agricultural climate characteristics. In Mirovoy agroklimaticheskiy spravochnik [World agroclimatic directory] (pp. 5–29). Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat. [In Russian]

Published

2022-05-30

How to Cite

Kuzmenko, Y. A., Pirych, A. V., & Fedorenko, M. V. (2022). Estimation of parameters of genetic variation of spring durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) on the basis of “number of grains from the main spike”. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 18(1), 34–41. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.18.1.2022.257585

Issue

Section

GENETICS

Most read articles by the same author(s)