Screening of promising potato hybrids by drought tolerance indices
Keywords:potato, breeding samples, indices, yield, drought, sources of drought resistance
Purpose. To evaluate promising potato hybrids for productivity and resistance to drought under water deficit conditions and to identify genotypes with a high level of adaptability to abiotic environmental factors.
Methods. During 2021–2022, 57 potato genotypes of different ripeness groups were studied in the fields of breeding crop rotation of the breeding laboratory of the Polissia Research Department of the Institute for Potato Research NAAS of Ukraine. Generally accepted methods of selective statistical analysis were used.
Results. The research results revealed that in a dry year, the average potato yield loss for all maturity groups was 15.3 t/ha or 66 % compared to the indicators of a wet year. A high total percentage of drought-resistant and moderately drought-resistant hybrids was distinguished in the mid-season group. In total 16 breeding samples out of 54 studied ones under the condition of sufficient moisture produced the highest yield (in the range of 24.4–35.9 t/ha). During dry periods, 21 samples had high productivity (7.8–19.2 t/ha). The following hybrids showed an advantage over the average (Ŷ) for 8–9 evaluated drought tolerance indices: ‘P.15.56-10’, ‘P.17.21/43’, P.19.53/6’, ‘P.17.30-3’, ‘P.17.1-4’, ‘P.18.51/3’, ‘P.17.19-21’, ‘P.17.18/9’, ‘P.17.4/13’ ‘P.17.43/1’, P.17.44-1’, ‘P.17.38/16’, ‘P.17.8-28’, ‘P.17.13/7’ and ‘P.17.38-56’.
Conclusions. According to the results of the research, hybrids with high productivity and response to stress were identified. Thus, 5 samples formed high productivity under optimal conditions and were resistant to drought; 5 samples were flexible hybrids; 8 hybrids were demanding to moisture supply during the process of crop formation. The sources of drought resistance were 5 hybrids out of 54 studied ones. An average positive correlation (r = 0.528) between yields under different moisture conditions was established.
FAO. (2022). FAO Statistical Databases. Rome: FAO. Retrieved from www.fao.org/faostat/en
Raza, A., Razzaq, A., Mehmood, S. S., Zou, X., Zhang, X., Lv, Y., & Xu, J. (2019). Impact of Climate Change on Crops Adaptation and Strategies to Tackle Its Outcome: A Review. Plants, 8(2), 34–62. doi: 10.3390/plants8020034
Griggs, D. J., & Noguer, M. (2002). Climate change 2001: The scientific basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Weather, 57, 267–269. doi: 10.1256/004316502320517344
Rykaczewska, K. (2015). The Effect of High Temperature Occurring in Subsequent Stages of Plant Development on Potato Yield and Tuber Physiological Defects. American Journal of Potato Research, 92(3), 339–349. doi: 10.1007/s12230-015-9436-x
Zarzynˆska, K., Boguszewska-Manˆkowska, D., & Nosalewicz, A. (2017). Differences in size and architecture of the potato cultivars root system and their tolerance to drought stress. Plant, Soil and Environment, 63(4), 159–164. doi: 10.17221/4/2017-PSE
Joshi, M., Fogelman, E., Belausov, E., & Ginzberg, I. (2016). Potato root system development and factors that determine its architecture. Journal of Plant Physiology, 205, 113–123. doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2016.08.014
Obidiegwu, J. E., Bryan, G. J., Jones, H. G., & Prashar, A. (2015). Coping with drought: stress and adaptive response in potato and perspective for improvement. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6, 542–564. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00542
Chang, D. C., Jin, Y. I., Nam, J. H., Cheon, C. G., Cho, J. H., Kim, S. J., & Yu, H. S. (2018). Early Drought Effect on Canopy Development and Tuber Growth of Potato Cultivars with Different Maturities. Field Crops Research, 215, 156–162. doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2017.10.008
Aliche, E. B., Oortwijn, M., Theeuwen, T. P., Bachem, C. W., Visser, R. G., & van der Linden, C. G. (2018). Drought Response in Field Grown Potatoes and the Interactions between Canopy Growth and Yield. Agricultural Water Management, 206, 20–30. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2018.04.013
Bota, J., Medrano, H., & Flexas, J. (2004). Is Photosynthesis Limited by Decreased Rubisco Activity and RuBP Content under Progressive Water Stress? New Phytologist, 162(3), 671–681. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01056.x
Iwama, K., & Yamaguchi, J. (2006). Abiotic stresses. In J. Gopal, & S. M. P. Khurana (Eds.), Handbook of Potato Production, Improvement and Post-Harvest Managemen (pp. 231–278). New York, NY: Food Product Press.
Nasir, M. W., & Toth, Z. (2022). Effect of Drought Stress on Potato Production: A Review. Agronomy, 12(3), 635–656. doi: 10.3390/agronomy12030635
Tardieu, F. (2012). Any trait or trait-related allele can confer drought tolerance: just design the right drought scenario. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63(1), 25–31. doi: 10.1093/jxb/err269
Millet, E. J., Welcker, C., Kruijer, W., Negro, S., Coupel-Ledru, A., Nicolas, S.D., ... Tardieu, F. (2016). Genome-wide analysis of yield in Europe: allelic effects vary with drought and heat scenarios. Plant Physiology, 172(2), 749–764. doi: 10.1104/pp.16.00621
El-Hendawy, S. E., Hassan, W. M., Al-Suhaibani, N. A., & Schmidhalter, U. (2017). Spectral assessment of drought tolerance indices and grain yield in advanced spring wheat lines grown under full and limited water irrigation. Agricultural Water Management, 182, 1–12. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2016.12.003
Bouslama, M., & Schapaugh, W. T. (1984). Stress tolerance in soybean. Part 1: evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance. Crop Science, 24(5), 933–937. doi: 10.2135/cropsci1984.0011183X002400050026x
Nikneshan, P., Tadayyon, A., & Javanmard, M. (2019). Evaluating drought tolerance of castor ecotypes in the center of Iran. Heliyon, 5(4), 1403–1415. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01403
Lin, C. S., Binns, M. R., & Lefkovitch, L. P. (1986). Stability analysis: where do we stand? Crop Science, 26(5), 894–900. doi: 10.2135/cropsci1986.0011183X002600050012x
Fernandez, G. C. J. (1992). Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. In C. G. Kuo (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Adaptation Food Crops to Temperature and Water Stress (pp. 257–270). Shanhua, Taiwan: AVRDC. doi: 10.22001/wvc.72511
Lan, J. (1998). Comparison of evaluating methods for agronomic drought resistance in crops. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-occidentalis Sinica, 7, 85–87.
Martínez, I., Muñoz, M., Acuña, I., & Uribe, M. (2021). Evaluating the Drought Tolerance of Seven Potato Varieties on Volcanic Ash Soils in a Medium-Term Trial. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12, 16–29. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2021.693060
Moosavi, S. S., Yazdi Samadi, B., Naghavi, M. R, Zali, A. A, Dashti, H., & Pourshahbazi, A. (2008). Introduction of new indices to identify relative drought tolerance and resistance in wheat genotypes. Desert (Biaban), 12(2), 165–178. doi: 10.22059/jdesert.2008.27115
Roostaei, M., Jafarzadeh, J., Roohi, E., Nazary, H., Rajabi, R., Haghparast, R., … Mirfatah, S. M. M. (2021). Grouping patterns of rainfed winter wheat test locations and the role of climatic variables. Euphytica, 217(9), Article 183. doi: 10.1007/s10681-021-02915-8
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.