Ecological plasticity and stability of common millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) productivity in different environmental conditions of Ukraine

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.17.2.2021.236522

Keywords:

common millet, plasticity, yield, cultivated area, coefficient of variation

Abstract

Purpose. To estimate the ecological plasticity of common millet yield under conditions of Steppe, Forest-Steppe and Forest of Ukraine.

Methods. Mathematical and statistical: determination of stability and plasticity by Eberhart & Russell method, correlation analysis.

Results. As a result of correlation analysis of millet cultivated areas during the period of 2011–2020, it was revealed that cultivated areas in Ukraine depend on the world ones (r = 0.34). It was determined that a high level of common millet yield was obtained in the forest-steppe zone, namely in Poltava, Khmelnytskyi, Cherkasy, Sumy and Kharkiv regions (2.20–2.51 t/ha). Quite high rates of yield were obtained in Vinnytsia, Kyiv (Forest-Steppe zone) and Kirovohrad (Steppe zone) regions (1.86–2.02 t/ha). Low yield over 10 years was noted in Rivne, Zhytomyr and Volyn regions, which belong to the Forrest zone (1.09–1.34 t/ha). It is shown that during 2011–2015 high variability of millet yield was observed in Khmelnytskyi, Vinnytsia and Volyn regions. The coefficient of variation was 42.0–71.3%. During 2016–2020 significant variation was noted in Donetsk, Volyn and Odesa regions. The coefficient of variation was 31.8–43.9%. In the period from 2016 to 2020, high plasticity of the yield trait was noted in Vinnitsa, Kyiv, Kharkiv, Poltava, Cherkasy, Sumy and Khmelnitsky regions. During 2016–2020 high plasticity trait of millet yield was in Vinnytsia, Kyiv, Sumy, Kharkiv, Khmelnytskyi, Cherkasy and Poltava regions.

Conclusions. According to the results of the studies, it was found that with a reduction in the area under millet in the world, the volume of its production in Ukraine increases. It was determined that the hig­hest yield of millet was obtained in the Forest-Steppe zone during the years of observation. According to the plasticity of millet yield, it was found that favorable conditions for realization of its biological potential were in Donetsk and Kirovohrad regions of Steppe zone, in Forest-Steppe zone of Vinnytsia, Poltava, Kyiv, Kharkiv, Khmelnytskyi, Cherkasy and Sumy regions.

References

Abah, C. R., Ishiwu, C. N., Obiegbuna, J. E., & Oladejo, A. A. (2020). Nutritional composition, functional properties and food applications of millet grains. Asian Food Sci. J., 14(2), 9–19. doi: 10.9734/AFSJ/2020/v14i230124

Saleh, A. S., Zhang, Q., Chen, J., & Shen, Q. (2013). Millet grains: nutritional quality, processing, and potential health benefits. Compr. Rev. Food Sci. Food Saf., 12(3), 281–295. doi: 10.1111/1541-4337.12012

Karaś, M., Jakubczyk, A., Szymanowska, U., Jęderka, K., Lewicki, S., & Złotek, U. (2019). Different temperature treatments of millet grains affect the biological activity of protein hydroly­zates and peptide fractions. Nutrients, 11(3), 550. doi: 10.3390/nu11030550

Chandrasekara, A., Naczk, M., & Shahidi, F. (2012). Effect of processing on the antioxidant activity of millet grains. Food Chem., 133(1), 1–9. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.09.043

Budhwar, S., Sethi, K., & Chakraborty, M. (2020). Efficacy of germination and probiotic fermentation on underutilized cereal and millet grains. Food Prod. Process. Nutr., 2, 12. doi: 10.1186/s43014-020-00026-w

Hamaiunova, V. V., Shevel, V. I., & Klimbovskyi, S. O. (2016). Millet crop in the South of Ukraine. In Rodiuchyi grunt – zaporuka dobrobutu: materialy rehionalnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konfe­rentsii, prysviachenoi Vsesvitnomu dniu gruntu [Fertile soil – the key to prosperity: materials of the regional scientific-practical conference dedicated to the World Soil Day] (pp. 46–47). Sumy, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Rudnyk-Ivashchenko, O. I., & Hryhorashchenko, L. V. (2010). Features of photosynthesis of millet plants. Vìsn. agrar. nauki [Bull. Agric. Sci.], 7, 35–38.

Bielienikhina, A. V., & Kostromitin, V. M. (2014). Varietal study of grain millet for sowing on agroecological stability and plasticity. Selekciâ i nasìnnictvo [Plant Breeding and Seed Production], 106, 141–147. doi: 10.30835/2413-7510.2014.42143 [in Ukrainian]

Bielienikhina, A. V., Kostromitin, V. M., & Hlubokyi, O. M. (2013). Adaptability and ecological plasticity of millet varieties depending on the conditions of the year. Vìsnik Centru naukovogo zabezpečennâ APV Harkìvsʹkoï oblastì [Bulletin of the Center for Science Provision of Agribusiness in the Kharkiv region], 15, 10. [in Ukrainian]

Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy [State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian]

Prysiazhniuk, O. I., & Korol, L. V. (2016). Evaluation of pea varieties based on correlation of quantitative traits and indices. Plant Var. Stud. Prot., 4, 51–55. doi: 10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88674. [in Ukrainian]

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/faostat/ru/#data/QC

Ermantraut, E. R., Prysiazhniuk, O. I., & Shevchenko, I. L. (2007). Statystychnyi analiz ahronomichnykh doslidnykh danykh v paketi Statistica 6.0 [Statistical analysis of agronomic study data in the Statistica 6.0 software suite]. Kyiv: PolihrafKonsaltynh. [in Ukrainian]

Eberhart, S. А., & Russell, W. A. (1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci., 6(1), 36–40. doi: 10.2135/cropsci1966.0011183X000600010011x

Prysiazhniuk, O. I., Storozhyk, L. I., & Zavhorodnia, S. V. (2019). Ecological plasticity of grain sorghum. Novìtnì agrotehno­logìï [Advanced Agritechnologies], 7. doi: 10.47414/na.7.2019.204818. [in Ukrainian]

Averchev, O. V., & Nikitenko, M. P. (2020). Growing millet in the South of Ukraine. Tavrìjsʹkij naukovij vìsnik [Tavria Scientific Bulletin], 116, 26–27. [in Ukrainian]

Shevel, V. I., Konovalov, S. S., Bychkova, Yu. V., & Ohar, R. O. (2018). Millet crop in the South of Ukraine. In Innovatsiini rozrobky molodi – suchasnomu zemlerobstvu: zbirnyk materialiv mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh [Innovative developments of youth – modern agriculture: book of proceedings of the international scientific and applied conference of young scientists] (pp. 90–92). May 15, 2018, Kherson, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Published

2021-07-08

How to Cite

Prysiazhniuk, L. M., Nochvina, O. V., Shytikova, Y. V., Mizerna, N. A., & Hryniv, S. M. . (2021). Ecological plasticity and stability of common millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) productivity in different environmental conditions of Ukraine. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, 17(2), 146–154. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.17.2.2021.236522

Issue

Section

PLANT PRODUCTION

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>