DOI: https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.13.3.2017.110711

Component composition of volatile organic substances of dog-rose petals

О. Л. Рубцова, І. В. Коваль, Н. І. Джуренко, О. П. Паламарчук

Abstract


Purpose. To analyse the qualitative and quantitative composition of volatile organic substances (VOS) in the petals of six species of dog-rose in the collection of M. M. Gryshko National Botanic Garden of the NAS of Ukraine for further bree­ding.

Methods. Volatile organic substances were obtained by steam distillation. VOS was determined using gas chromato­graphy (Chromatograph Agilent Technologies 6890).

Results. The qualitative and quantitative composition of volatile organic substances in the petals in such species as Rosa L. (R. roullettii HCh (Correvon), R. multiflora Thunb., R. pimpinellifolia L., R. canina L., R. centifolia L., R. rugosa Thunb.) was investigated. According to the results of the research, 105 VOS were discovered in the dog-rose petals, among which 11 were not identified. The dog-rose petals of identified VOC contained 16 components which share exceeds 5%, 31 – was ranging from 1% to 5%, 47 – was less than 1%. They belonged to different groups including monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, sesquiterpene alcohols, saturated unbranched hydrocarbons etc. The largest number of components were identified in the petals of R. roulettii (49) and R. centifolia (45), while the number of identified components in species R. multiflora (33), R. rugosa (31) and R. canina (30) was relatively smaller. All studied dog-rose species were characterized by the presence of such saturated unbranched hydrocarbons as decan, tetradecane, pentadecane, hexadecane, heptadecane, octadecane, nanodecane, heneicosane, tricosane, tetracosane, pentacosane, heptocosane, hentriacontane. Triterpene hydrocarbon squalene is the important component of the VOS complex in dog-rose pen tals. b-phenylethyl alcohol to be one of the main components of the rose essential oils was found during investigation in the following four dog-rose species as R. centifolia (0.61%), R. pimpinellifolia (3.56%), R. rugosa (4.24%), and R. multiflora (5.43%). Significant content of dihydro-b-ionol (18.46%), dihydro-b-ionone (0.69%), thias­piran A (1.35%), and thiaspiran B (2.17%) were revealed in the petals of R. roulettii, which also have an influence on the aromatic bouquet of the rose oil.

Conclusions. For the first time, 105 volatile organic substances were found in the petals of six species of dog-rose, 11 of which were not identified. It was found out that the largest number of components were identified in the petals of R. roulettii (49) and R. centifolia (45). The number of VOS identified in species R. multiflora (33), R. rugosa (31), and R. canina (30) was relatively smaller. Component composition of VOS in the petals of studied dog-rose species is an important constituent in breeding investigations of prospective producers for the various purposes of use.


Keywords


volatile organic substances; component composition; gas chromatography; dog-rose species; petals

References


Koval, I. V. (2010). Bioekolohichni osoblyvosti vydiv rodu Rosa L. u zviazku z introduktsiieiu u Stepove Prydniprovia [Bioecological peculiarities of the genus Rosa L. species in the context of introduction into the Steppe Transdnieper region] (Cand. Biol. Sci. Diss.). Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Mitin, V. V. (1993). Introduktsiya shipovnikov v Lesostepi Ukrainy [Introduction of dog-rose in the Forest-Steppe zone of Ukraine]. Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

Rubtsova, O. L. (2009). Rid Rosa L. v Ukraini: henofond, istoriia, napriamy doslidzhen, dosiahnennia ta perspektyvy [Genus Rosa L. in Ukraine: gene pool, history, research trends, achievements and prospects]. Kyiv: Feniks. [in Ukrainian]

Roman, I., Stănilă A., Stănilă S. (2013). Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of Rosa canina L. Biotypes from spontaneous flora of Transylvania. Chem. Cent. J., 7(1), 73. doi: 10.1186/1752-153X-7-73

Yang, L., Ren, J., & Wang, Y. (2014). Chemical investigation of volatiles emitted from flowers of three varieties of Damask rose cultivated in Beijing. Hortic Environ Biotechnol., 55(6), 524–530. doi: 10.1007/s13580-014-0176-5

Mannschreck, A., & von Angerer, E. (2011). The Scent of Roses and Beyond: Molecular Structures, Analysis, and Practical Applications of Odorants. J. Chem. Educ., 88(11), 1501–1506. doi: 10.1021/ed100629v

Efremov, A. A., Zykova, I. D., Fedyanina, E. P., & Tereshchenko, E. T. (2009). Сomponent composition of rose essential oil. In Novye dostizheniya v khimicheskoy tekhnologii rastitel’nogo syr’ya: materialy IV Vserossiyskoy konferentsii [New achievements in the chemical technology of plant raw materials: Proc. of IVth All-Russian Conf.] (Vol. 2, pp. 115–117). April 21–23, 2009, Barnaul, Russian Federation. [in Russian]

Achrem, M., Skuza, L., Kalinka, A., Szućko, I., Filip, E., Słominska-Walkowiak, R., & Rogalska, S. M. (2012). Role of epigenetic mechanisms in plant response to low temperature. Acta Biol. Cracoviensia Ser. Botanica, 54(1), 7–15. doi: 10.2478/v10182-012-0014-y

Kirichenko, E. B., & Smirnova, I. M. (2010). Novoe o mekhanizme nasledovaniya komponentov aromata kitayskikh roz pri ikh ispol’zovanii v selektsii [New information about the mechanism of inheritance of components of the Chinese roses aroma when used in breeding]. Byulleten GBS [Bulletin Main Botanical Garden], 196, 183–186. [in Russian]

Shabbir, M. Kh., Nadeem, R., Mukhtar, H., Anwar, F., & Mumtaz, M. W. (2009). Physico-chemical analysis and determination of various chemical constituents of essential oil in Rosa centifolia. Pak. J. Bot., 41(2), 615–620.

Hosni, K., Kerkenni, A., Medfei, W., Ben Brahim, N., & Sebei, H. (2010). Volatile Oil Constituents of Rosa canina L.: Quality as Affected by the Distillation Method. Org. Chem. Int., 2010, Article ID 621967. doi: 10.1155/2010/621967

Tambe, E., & Gotmare, S. R. (2016). Study of Variation and Identification of Chemical Composition in Rosa Species Oil Collected From Different Countries. IOSR J. of Applied Chemistry, 9(11), 11–18. doi: 10.9790/5736-0911021118

Chernogorod, L. B., & Vinogradov, B. A. (2006). Essential oils of some species of Achillea L., containing fragranol. Rastitelnye Resursy [Floral Resources], 42(2), 61–68. [in Russian]

Codex Alimentarius. Food additives and contaminants. (2007). (I. A. Shestova, Trans.). Moscow: VES Mir. [in Russian]

Baysalova, G. Zh. (2011). Biologicheski aktivnye veshchestva nekotorykh rasteniy solerosov Kazakhstana [Biologically active substances in some plants of Salicornia in Kazakhstan] (PhD thesis). Astana, Kazakhstan. [in Russian]


GOST Style Citations


Коваль І. В. Біоекологічні особливості видів роду Rosa L. у зв’язку з інтродукцією у Степове Придніпров’я : дис. … канд. біол. наук : 03.00.05  «Ботаніка» / Дніпропетр. нац. ун-т ім. О. Гончара. Київ, 2010. 246 с.

Митин В. В. Интродукция шиповников в Лесостепи Украины. Киев : Наук. думка, 1993. 64 с.

Рубцова О. Л. Рід Rosa L. в Україні: генофонд, історія, напрями досліджень, досягнення та перспективи. Київ : Фенікс, 2009. 343 с.

Roman I., Stănilă A., Stănilă S. Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of Rosa canina L. Biotypes from spontaneous flora of Transylvania. Chem. Cent. J. 2013. Vol. 7, Iss.1. P. 73. doi: 10.1186/1752-153X-7-73

Yang L., Ren J., Wang Y. Chemical investigation of volatiles emitted from flowers of three varieties of Damask rose cultivated in Beijing. Hortic Environ Biotechnol. 2014. Vol. 55, Iss. 6. P. 524–530. doi: 10.1007/s13580-014-0176-5

Mannschreck A., von Angerer E. The Scent of Roses and Beyond: Molecular Structures, Analysis, and Practical Applications of Odorants. J. Chem. Educ. 2011. Vol. 88, Iss. 11. P. 1501–1506. doi: 10.1021/ed100629v

Ефремов А. А., Зыкова И. Д., Федянина Е. П., Терещенко Е. Т. Компонентный состав эфирного масла лепестков роз. Новые достижения в химической технологии растительного сырья : матер. IV Всероссийской конф. : в 2 кн. (г. Барнаул, 21–23 апреля2009 г.). Барнаул, 2009. Кн. 2. С. 115–117.

Achrem M., Skuza L., Kalinka A et al. Role of epigenetic mechanisms in plant response to low temperature. Acta Biol. Cracoviensia Ser. Botanica. 2012. Vol. 54. Iss. 1. P. 7–15. doi: 10.2478/v10182-012-0014-y

Кириченко Е. Б., Смирнова И. М. Новое о механизме наследования компонентов аромата китайских роз при их использовании в селекции. Бюллетень ГБС. 2010. Вып. 196. С. 183–186.

Shabbir M. Kh., Nadeem R., Mukhtar H. et al. Physico-chemical analysis and determination of various chemical constituents of essential oil in Rosa centifolia. Pak. J. Bot. 2009. Vol. 41, Iss. 2. P. 615–620.

Hosni K., Kerkenni A., Medfei W. et al. Volatile Oil Constituents of Rosa canina L.: Quality as Affected by the Distillation Method. Org Chem Int. 2010. Vol. 2010. Article ID 621967. doi: 10.1155/2010/621967

Tambe E., Gotmare S. R. Study of Variation and Identification of Chemical Composition in Rosa Species Oil Collected From Different Countries. IOSR J. of Applied Chemistry. 2016. Vol. 9. Iss. 11. Ver. II. P. 11–18. doi: 10.9790/5736-0911021118

Черногород Л. Б., Виноградов Б. А. Эфирные масла некоторых видов Achillea L., содержащих фрагранол. Раст. ресурсы. 2006. Т. 42, Вып. 2. С. 61–68.

Кодекс Алиментариус. Пищевые добавки и контаминанты / пер. с англ. И. А. Шестовой. Москва : Весь Мир, 2007. 532 с.

Байсалова Г. Ж. Биологически активные вещества некоторых растений солеросов Казахстана : доклад научной работы на соиск. акад. степени доктора философии (PhD) : спец. 6D060600 – химические науки. Астана, 2011. 17 с.







Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

DOI: 10.21498/2518-1017

Flag Counter