DOI: https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.15.3.2019.181082

The collection fund of flowering and ornamental plants of the family Lamiaceae Martinov of M. M. Hryshko National Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

С. П. Машковська, О. П. Перебойчук

Abstract


Purpose. Analysis of the collection of flowering and ornamental plants of the Lamiaceae Martinov family of M. M. Hryshko National Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine according to taxonomic, floristic, ecological, biomorphological characteristics, assessment of the prospects of introduction and use of certain of flowering and ornamental plants of the Lamia­ceae family in the Northern Forest-Steppe zone of Ukraine.

Methods. Analysis and synthesis of information, phenologi­cal, comparative morphological, biometric, introduction methods.

Results. The collection fund of flowering and ornamental plants of the Lamiaceae family of M. M. Hrysh­ko National Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine was analyzed in terms of taxonomic composition, life forms, natural habitats, relation to environmental factors (moisture, light, mechanical composition, soil fertility and acidity), phenorhythmotypes, flowe­ring periods, decorative characters, height, habitus and vegetative mobility. The bioresource potential of plants is reflected, species with medicinal, honey, food, spicy aromatic, essential oil, insecticidal, coloring characteristics are highlighted, which allows us to recommend or expand the use of certain species of plants in pharmacy, food production, fragrance industry, cosmetology and agriculture.

Conclusions. A collection of flowering and ornamental plants of the Lamiaceae family of M. M. Hryshko National Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine is a valuable asset, since it presents species that come from the four floristic kingdoms of the Earth and thirteen floristic regions, among which there are endemic and rare species or species with conservation status. The collection contains species of meadow, steppe, forest phyto­cenoses, various ecomorphs with respect to moisture, light, mechanical composition, soil fertility and acidity, as well as various plant groups for decorative properties and resource value. Based on the prognostic assessment, species planned to be introduced and included in the collection in the near future have been identified.


Keywords


axonomic structure; floristic analysis; life forms; ecomorph; decorative signs; bioresource potential

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DOI: 10.21498/2518-1017

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