Bioecological peculiarities of mid-ripening varieties of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) in the northern part of the Forest-Steppe zone of Ukraine
Keywords:variety, strawberry, fruit-bearing, yield, berries, fruits, ripening, resistance, diseases
Purpose. Improvement of a range of strawberry varieties based on comprehensive study and introduction of new Ukrainian and West European cultivars. Methods. Cultivars and elite forms were studied using the methods of primary variety studying and state variety testing at three-year strawberry plantations of the Institute of Horticulture of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (the city of Kyiv) and its variety testing stations. Results. It was found that more frequent spring and summer droughts as well as black frosts in winter adversely affected the strawberry productivity. The best varieties were selected among new ones for the complex of traits, they included ‘Elegance’ from the Great Britain, ‘Gercules’ from Ukraine (both are dessert grapes), ‘Elsanta’ from Holland (for universal use), ‘Alba’ from Italia (as raw material). The highly adaptive and productive ‘Istochnik’ and ‘Festyvalna romashka’ varieties (as raw material) are recommended for the north regions. Conclusions. In the context of profound climatic change, high-profitable cultivation of mid-ripening varieties and a strawberry as such in the Northern Forest-Steppe zone is expedient under controlled conditions – in high film tunnels, in hot-houses and under perennial irrigation that already has become the European tendency.
Sharpylo, N. P., Sylayeva, A. M., & Hrokholskyi, V. V. (2005). Doslidzhennia potentsiinoi morozostiikosti kvitkonosiv sunytsi [Studying potential frost-resistance of the strawberry flower-bearing stems]. Sadivnytstvo [Horticulture], 56, 181–188. [in Ukrainian]
Kopan, K. N., & Kopan, V. P. (1987). Puti uskoreniya sozdaniya sortov zemlyaniki dlya intensivnykh tekhnologiy v usloviyakh Ukrainy [Ways to accelerate the creation of strawberry varieties for intensive technologies under the conditions of Ukraine]. In Selektsiya i sortoizuchenie yagodnykh kul’tur [Breeding and variety studying of small-fruit crops]. (pp. 114–118). Michurinsk: N.p. [in Russian]
Centralny Ośrodek Badania Odmian Roślin Uprawnych. (2003). Lista odmian roślin sadowniczych. Słupia Wielka: N.p. [in Polish]
Werner, T., & Podymniak, M. (2012). Uprawa truskawek w podlozach inertnych pod daszkami. Kraków: Hortus media. [in Polish]
Melnyk, O. V., & Lychenkova, I. O. (2012). Sunytsia na pivdni Nimechchyny [Strawberry in Southern Germany]. Novyny sadivnytstva [Horticultural News], 3, 28–30. [in Ukrainian]
Derzhavnyi reiestr sortiv roslyn, prydatnykh dlia poshyrennia v Ukraini u 2013 roci [State register of plant varieties suitable for dissemination in Ukraine in 2013]. (2013). Kyiv: Alefa. [in Ukrainian]
Derzhavnyi reiestr sortiv roslyn, prydatnykh dlia poshyrennia v Ukraini u 2011 roci [State register of plant varieties suitable for dissemination in Ukraine in 2011]. (2011). Kyiv: Alefa. [in Ukrainian]
Pavliuk, V. V., Chmykh, S. V., Pryimachuk, L. S., Filiov, V. V., & Pavliuk, N. V. (2012). Otsinka sortymentu sunytsi sadovoi (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) v Ukraini stanom na 2012 rik [Estimation of the strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) assortment in Ukraine as of 2012]. Sadivnytstvo [Horticulture], 65, 32–43. [in Ukrainian]
Lobanov, G. A. (Ed.). (1973). Programma i metodika sortoizucheniya plodovykh, yagodnykh i orekhoplodnykh kul’tur [Program and methods of variety studying of fruit, small-fruit and nut crops]. Michurinsk: VNIIS im. I. V. Michurina. [in Russian]
Sedov, E. I., & Ogol’tsova, T. P. (Eds.). (1999). Programma i metodika sortoizucheniya plodovykh, yagodnykh i orekhoplodnykh kul’tur [Program and methods of variety studying of fruit, small-fruit and nut crops]. Orel: VNIISPK. [in Russian]
Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sortiv plodovo-yahidnykh, horikhoplidnykh kultur ta vynohradu [Methods of expertizing varieties of fruit and berry, nut crops and grape]. (2005). In Okhorona prav na sorty roslyn [Plant variety rights protection]. (Iss. 2, part 2). Kyiv: Alefa. [in Ukrainian]
Lytovchenko, O. M., Pavliuk, V. V., & Omelchenko, I. K. (2011). Krashchi sorty plodovykh, yahidnykh i horikhoplidnykh kultur ukrainskoi selektsii [Best varieties of fruit, small-fruit and nut crops bred in Ukraine]. Kyiv: Presa Ukrainy. [in Ukrainian]
Pryimachuk, L. S. (1998). Rezultaty vyvchennia osnovnykh hospodarsko-tsinnykh oznak sunytsi v umovakh zakhidnoho Lisostepu Ukrainy. [Results of studying strawberry main economic characters in the Western Forest-Steppe zone of Ukraine]. Sadivnytstvo [Horticulture], 48, 62–63. [in Ukrainian]
Chmukh, A. I. (1998). Sortovyvchennia sunytsi na Podilli [Strawberry variety studying in Podillia]. Sadivnytstvo [Horticulture], 46, 61. [in Ukrainian].
Podshivalov, Yu. M., & Potanin, D. V. (2007). Ekologicheskaya plastichnost’ sortov zemlyaniki v neblagopriyatnykh usloviyakh yuzhnoy stepi Ukrainy [Ecological plasticity of strawberry cultivars under the unfavourable conditions of the Ukraine’s Southern Steppe]. Sovershenstvovanie sortimenta plodovykh, yagodnykh, orekhoplodnykh kul’tur i vinograda v sovremennykh usloviyakh khozyaystvovaniya: materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. [Improvement of the assortment of fruit, small-fruit, nut crops and grape in the modern economic conditions: Proc. Int. Research-to-Practice Conf.]. (pp. 243–247). August 28–30, 2007, Samokhvalovichi, Belarus: N.p. [in Russian]
Aytzhanova, S. D., & Andronov, V. I. (2000). Selektsionno-tekhnologicheskaya otsenka novykh sortov zemlyaniki v usloviyakh Yugo-Zapada Rossii [Selective and technological evaluation of new strawberry varieties under the conditions of the South-West of Russia]. Bryansk: Izd-vo BGSKhA. [in Russian]
Prichko, T. G., & Germanova, M. G. (2010). Kachestvo yagod introdutsirovannykh sortov zemlyaniki v usloviyakh yuga Rossii [Quality of berries of introduced strawberry varieties under the conditions of Southern Russia]. Plodovodstvo [Fruit-Growing], 22, 241–248. [in Russian]
Sachenko, O. K. (1998). Plodonoshennia sortiv sunytsi u skhidnii chastyni Polissia. [Fruit-bearing of strawberry varieties in the Eastern Polissya]. Sadivnytstvo [Horticulture], 47, 57–60. [in Ukrainian]
Drozd, O. O. (2013). Nove u vyroshchuvanni sunytsi [New trends in strawberry growing]. Novyny sadivnytstva [Horticultural News], 3, 32–34. [in Ukrainian]
Żurawicz, E., & Masny, A. (2010). Porady dla producentów truskawek. Warszawa: Hortpress. [in Polish]
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2016 Plant varieties studying and protection
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.