Genetic resources as initial material for developing new soft winter wheat varieties

Authors

  • В. М. Кір’ян Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production of the Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8730-8507
  • М. В. Кір’ян Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production of the Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3253-4691
  • Р. С. Вискуб Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production of the Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7679-2188

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88570

Keywords:

productivity, early ripening, diseases resistance, winter hardiness, product quality, sources of economic characters

Abstract

Purpose. To estimate genetic resources collection of soft winter wheat plants (new collection accessions) of Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production and select initial material for breeding of adaptive, productive and qualitative soft winter wheat varieties.

Methods. Field experiment, laboratory testing.

Results. The authors pre- sented results of study of over 1000 samples of gene pool of soft winter wheat from 25 countries during 2001–2005 in Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production of Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine for a complex of economic traits. More than 400 new sources with high adaptive properties were selected that combine traits of high productivity and high quality of grain, early ripening, resistance to biotic and abiotic fac- tors (the assessment of samples for 16 valuable traits is given). The selected material comes from various agro-cli- matic zones, including zones of unsustainable agriculture.

Conclusions. Recommended sources of traits that have breeding value will allow to enrich high-quality assortment of wheat and considerably accelerate breeding process du- ring development of new soft winter wheat varieties.

Author Biographies

В. М. Кір’ян, Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production of the Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine

Viktor Kirian

М. В. Кір’ян, Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production of the Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine

Mykhailo Kirian

Р. С. Вискуб, Ustymivka Experimental Station for Plant Production of the Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, NAAS of Ukraine

Roman Vyskub

References

Dorofeev, V. F., Yakubtsiner, M. M., Rudenko, M. I., Migushova, E. F., Udachin, R. A., Merezhko, A. F., ... Shitova, I. P. (1976). Pshenitsy mira [World wheat]. Brezhnev D. D. (Ed.). Leningrad: Kolos. [in Russian]

Derzhavnyi reiestr sortiv roslyn, prydatnykh dlia poshyrennia v Ukraini u 2016 rotsi [State register of plant varieties suitable for dissemination in Ukraine in 2016]. Retrieved from http://www.vet.gov.ua/sites/default/files/Reestr_04.01.16.pdf [in Ukrainian]

Gradchaninova, O. D., Filatenko, A. A., & Rudenko, M. I. (1985). Izuchenie kollektsii pshenitsy [Study of the wheat collection]. V. F. Dorofeev (Ed.). Leningrad: VIR. [in Russian]

Merezhko, A. F., Udachin, R. A., Zuev, V. E., Filatenko, A. A., Serbin, A. A., Lyapunova, O. A., ... Potokina, S. A. (1999). Popolnenie, sokhranenie v zhivom vide i izuchenie mirovoy kollektsii pshenitsy, egilopsa i tritikale [Development, preservation in live condition and studing the world collection, of wheat goat grass and triticale]. A. F. Merezhko (Ed.). St. Petersburg: VIR. [in Russian]

Filatenko, A. A., & Shitova, I. P. (1989). Shirokiy unifitsirovannyy klassifikator SEV roda Triticum L. [CMEA wide-range unified classifier of the genus Triticum L.]. V. A. Korneychuk (Ed.). Leningrad: VIR. [in Russian]

Ermakov, A. I., Arasimovich, V. V., Yarosh, N. P., Peruanskiy, Yu. V., Lukovnikova, G. A., & Ikonnikova, M. I. (1987). Metody biokhimicheskogo issledovaniya rasteniy [Methods of biochemical study of plants]. A. I. Ermakov (Ed.) Leningrad: Agropromizdat. [in Russian]

Zhemela, G. P., Kuchumova, L. P., Anikanova, Z. F., Musatova, A. G, Berkutova, N. S., Sklyar, N. M., ... Lazer, P. N. (1988). Spravochnik po kachestvu zerna [Grain Quality Guide]. G. P. Zhemela (Ed.). Kiev: Urozhay [in Ukrainian]

Bebyakin, V. M. (1985). Theoretical prerequisites and methodical approaches to wheat breeding for yield quality. Sel’skokhozyaystvennaya biologiya [Agricultural Biology], 2, 14–20. [in Russian]

Luchnoi, V. V. (2004). Selektsiina tsinnist suchasnoho henofondu ozymoi miakoi pshenytsi yak vykhidnoho materialu v selektsii na yakist zerna v umovakh pivnichno-skhidnoho Lisostepu Ukrainy [The selection value of a modern gene pool of soft winter wheat as initial material in breeding for grain quality in the conditions of the Northeast Forest-Steppe zone of Ukraine] (Cand. Agric. Sci. Diss.). Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuryev of UAAS, Kharkiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Panchenko, I. A., Luchnoi, V. V., & Leonov, O. Yu. (2005). The use of a world gene pool of soft winter wheat in breeding for grain quality. V3sn. Poltav. derž. agrar. akad. [News of Poltava State Agrarian Academy], 1, 21–22. [in Ukrainian]

Published

2016-12-28

How to Cite

Кір’ян, В. М., Кір’ян, М. В., & Вискуб, Р. С. (2016). Genetic resources as initial material for developing new soft winter wheat varieties. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection, (4(33), 10–17. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.4(33).2016.88570

Issue

Section

BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION